The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Barreiro, A.M., D.O.S. Recouvreaux, D. Hotza, L.M. Porto, and C.R. Rambo. 2010. Sand dollar skeleton as templates for bacterial cellulose coating and apatite precipitation. Mater. Sci. Forum 45: 5252-5256
  • Casillas, E., D. Weber, C. Haley, and S. Sol. 1992. Comparison of growth and mortailty in juvenile sand dollars (Dendraster excentricus) as inficators of contaminated marine sediments. Envir. Tox. Chem. 11:559-569
  • Fenstermacher LE, Crawford GB, Borgeld JC, Britt T, George DA, Klein MA, Driscoll NW, Mayer LA. 2001. Enhanced acoustic backscatter due to high abundance of sand dollars, Dendraster excentricus. Marine Georesources and Geotechnology. 19: 135-145.
  • Kroh, A. & Mooi, R. (2013). WoRMS Echinoidea: World Echinoidea Database (version 2013-03-04). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Kroh, A. (2014). Dendraster excentricus (Eschscholtz, 1829). In: Kroh, A. & Mooi, R. (2014) World Echinoidea Database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at
  • Lambert, P., & Austin W. C. (2007). Brittle Stars, Sea Urchins and Feather Stars of British Columbia, Southeast Alaska and Puget Sound. 150. Victoria: Royal BC Museum.


EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!