Overview

Distribution

National Distribution

United States

Origin: Unknown/Undetermined

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

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Global Range: S. FL, West Indies.

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Fla.; Mexico; West Indies in the Greater Antilles; Central America; nw South America.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Description

Stems erect, (3--)5--12 mm diam. Leaves monomorphic, evergreen, clustered, (15--)25--100(--135) cm; croziers often mucilaginous. Petiole straw-colored, 2--15(--25) cm × 1--4(--6) mm, at base with brownish, ovate-lanceolate, ± glabrous scales. Blade to 110 cm, proximally with 6--12 pairs of smaller pinnae, distally tapering gradually to a pinnatifid apex. Proximal pinnae hastate or auriculate; longest (medial) pinnae 2--14(--20) × 0.4--2.5 cm, incised to within 1 mm of costa; segments 2--3 mm wide, strongly oblique and somewhat curved; veins meeting margin above sinus. Indument abaxially of hairs 0.2--0.5 mm on rachises, costae, and sometimes veins and blade tissue, also of numerous glands, these yellowish to often reddish, resinous, shiny, sessile, hemispheric; blade tissue adaxially glabrous or sparsely hairy. Sori round, medial to submarginal; indusia tan, glandular, and sparsely hairy. 2 n = 58.
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Diagnostic Description

Synonym

Polypodium resiniferum Desvaux, Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin Mag. Neuesten Entdeck. Gesammten Naturk. 5: 317. 1811; Amauropelta resinifera (Desvaux) Pichi-Sermolli; Dryopteris panamensis (C. Presl) C. Christensen; Thelypteris panamensis (C. Presl) E. P. St. John.
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Type Information

Isotype for Dryopteris pseudosancta C. Chr.
Catalog Number: US 355296
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Verified from the card file of type specimens
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): J. Donnell Smith
Year Collected: 1896
Locality: Rio Toro Amarillo, Llanuras de Santa Clara, Costa Rica, Central America
Elevation (m): 300 to 300
  • Isotype: Christensen, C. F. A. 1909. Smithsonian Misc. Collect. 52: 378.
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Type material for Dryopteris pseudosancta C. Chr.
Catalog Number: US 828992
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Verified from the card file of type specimens
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): E. T. Heyde & E. Lux
Year Collected: 1892
Locality: Rio Pinula., Santa Rosa, Guatemala, Central America
Elevation (m): 1219 to 1219
  • Type material: Christensen, C. F. A. 1909. Smithsonian Misc. Collect. 52: 378.
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Holotype for Dryopteris pseudosancta C. Chr.
Catalog Number: US 828991
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Verified from the card file of type specimens
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): J. Donnell Smith
Year Collected: 1896
Locality: Rio Toro Amarillo, Llanuras de Santa Clara, Costa Rica, Central America
Elevation (m): 300 to 300
  • Holotype: Christensen, C. F. A. 1909. Smithsonian Misc. Collect. 52: 378.
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Type collection for Dryopteris aequatorialis Copel.
Catalog Number: US 1706739
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Verified from the card file of type specimens
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): Y. Mexia
Year Collected: 1936
Locality: Parroquia de Concepcion, below Playa Rica, River banks., Esmeraldas, Ecuador, South America
Elevation (m): 100 to 100
  • Type collection: Copeland, E. B. 1941. Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 19: 298.
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Ecology

Habitat

Comments: Hammocks.

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Damp woods and swamps in subacid soil; 0--100m.
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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNR - Unranked

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: G4 - Apparently Secure

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