The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • **.
  • 1996. database, The PLANTS Database
  • 1996. database, NODC Taxonomic Code
  • 2000. database, The PLANTS Database
  • 2011. database, Thelypteridaceae of North America Update
  • American Midland Naturalist 1: 226. 1910. (Amer. Midl. Naturalist)
  • Botanical Gazette 19: 497. 1894. (Bot. Gaz.)
  • Fernald, M. 1950. Manual (ed. 8) i–lxiv, 1–1632. American Book Co., New York.
  • Lellinger, D. B. 1985. A Field Manual of the Ferns and Fern Allies of the United States and Canada. 389 pp.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2013). ITIS Regional: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Apr 2011). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col/. Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Small, J. K. 1938. Ferns of the Southeastern States. 517 pp.

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