The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

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  • 1996. database, The PLANTS Database
  • 1996. database, NODC Taxonomic Code
  • 2000. database, The PLANTS Database
  • 2010. TEMP, Primary/Verified
  • 2011. database, Dryopteridaceae s.l. of North America Update
  • A. LOMBARD, R. BAJON, septembre 2000. In Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle [Ed]. Conservatoire botanique national du Bassin parisien, site Web. http://www.mnhn.fr/cbnbp.
  • American Fern Journal 40: 247. 1950. (Amer. Fern J.)
  • American Midland Naturalist 4: 334. 1916. (Amer. Midl. Naturalist)
  • Checklist of the Vascular Plants of the Northwest Territories Canada 1: 12. 1968. (Vasc. Pl. Continental Northw. Terr. Canada)
  • Cody, W. J. 1996. Fl. Yukon Terr. i–xvii, 1–669. NRC Research Press, Ottawa.
  • Deutschland Flora 2: 11. 1795. (Deutschl. Fl.)
  • Flora of China Editorial Committee. 1988-2013. Flora of China (Checklist & Addendum). Unpaginated. In C. Y. Wu, P. H. Raven & D. Y. Hong (eds.) Fl. China. Science Press & Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Beijing & St. Louis.
  • Flora of China Editorial Committee. 2013. Flora of China (Lycopodiaceae through Polypodiaceae). 2–3:. In C. Y. Wu, P. H. Raven & D. Y. Hong (eds.) Fl. China. Science Press & Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Beijing & St. Louis.
  • Giornale de Scienze Naturali ed Economiche de Palermo 1(3–4): 235. 1866. (Giorn. Sci. Nat. Econ. Palermo)
  • Great Plains Flora Association. 1986. Fl. Great Plains i–vii, 1–1392. University Press of Kansas, Lawrence.
  • Hilty, J. Editor. 2014. Illinois Wildflowers. World Wide Web electronic publication. flowervisitors.info, version 06/2014.
    See: Botanical Terminology and Line DrawingsEcological TerminologyWebsite DescriptionLinks to Other WebsitesReference Materials
  • Hultén, E. 1968. Fl. Alaska i–xxi, 1–1008. Stanford University Press, Stanford.
  • Le Naturaliste Canadien 77(1–2): 55. 1950. (Naturaliste Canad.)
  • Lellinger, D. B. 1985. A Field Manual of the Ferns and Fern Allies of the United States and Canada. 389 pp.
  • Moss, E. H. 1983. Fl. Alberta (ed. 2) i–xii, 1–687. University of Toronto Press, Toronto.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2013). ITIS Regional: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Apr 2011). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col/. Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Porsild, A. E. & W. Cody. 1980. Vasc. Pl. Continental Northw. Terr. Canada i–viii, 1–607. National Museum of Natural Sciences, Ottawa.
  • Taylor, T. M. C. 1970. Pacific Northwest Ferns and Their Allies. 247 pp.
  • Welsh, S. L. 1974. Anderson's Fl. Alaska Adj. Parts Canada i–xvi, 1–724. Brigham Young University Press, Provo.

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