Regularity: Regularly occurring
Distribution in Egypt
Nile and Mediterranean regions.
Native of tropical Africa.
Grown as a summer garden plant and also escape from cultivation.
Habitat & Distribution
Habitat & Distribution
Life History and Behavior
Molecular Biology and Genetics
Barcode data: Amaranthus tricolor
Statistics of barcoding coverage: Amaranthus tricolor
Public Records: 2
Specimens with Barcodes: 18
Species With Barcodes: 1
National NatureServe Conservation Status
Rounded National Status Rank: NNA - Not Applicable
Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems
Comments: This potherb possess a fair amount of protein and is rich in vitamins A and C, as well as minerals. However, it also contains slight amounts of antinutritional factors, especially oxalates and nitrates.
Amaranthus tricolor is an ornamental plant known as Tandaljo or Tandalja bhaji in India, callaloo in the Caribbean and Joseph's coat after the Biblical figure Joseph, who is said to have worn a coat of many colors. Although it is native to South America, many varieties of amaranth can be found across the world in a myriad of different climates due to it being a C4 carbon fixation plant, which allows it to convert carbon dioxide into biomass at an extremely efficient rate when compared to other plants. Cultivars have striking yellow, red and green foliage.
Amaranthus gangeticus is considered a synonym of A. tricolor, but has been recognized as a separate species in the past. Amaranthus gangeticus is also known as elephant-head amaranth. It is an annual flowering plant with deep purple flowers. It can grow from 2–3 feet in height. In Bangladesh, it has been used as a leafy vegetable. Scientific study suggests that it may inhibit calcium retention.
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- John H. Wiersema (2003-02-04). "Amaranthus melancholicus information from NPGS/GRIN". United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2013-08-14.
- "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species".
- Michel H. Porcher. "Sorting Amaranthus names".
- Grubben, G.J.H. & Denton, O.A. (2004) Plant Resources of Tropical Africa 2. Vegetables. PROTA Foundation, Wageningen; Backhuys, Leiden; CTA, Wageningen.
- "Amaranthus gangeticus L.". The Plant List. 2010. Retrieved 9 March 2013.
- Larsen, T.; Thilsted, S. H.; Biswas, S. K.; Tetens, I. (2007). "The leafy vegetable amaranth (Amaranthus gangeticus) is a potent inhibitor of calcium availability and retention in rice-based diets". British Journal of Nutrition 90 (3): 521–527. doi:10.1079/BJN2003923. PMID 13129457.
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