Data about <i>Lindera benzoin</i>

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Distribution

Data about <i>Lindera benzoin</i>
Native range includes
Additional detail Canada USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail Canada USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail Lower 48 United States of America USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail Lower 48 United States of America USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail Lower 48 United States of America USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • Geographic distribution
    A description of the geographic distribution, or range, of the taxon. Includes descriptions of global, regional, or political aspects of range and whether the taxon is native or introduced in portions of the range and endemicity.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/SPMInfoItems#Distribution
Geographic distribution
Additional detail North America - Canada Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - Canada Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - Canada Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - Canada - Ontario Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - Canada - Ontario Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - Canada - Ontario Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Alabama Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Arkansas Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Connecticut Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Delaware Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - District of Columbia Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Florida Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Georgia Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Georgia Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Illinois Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Illinois Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Illinois Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Indiana Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Kansas Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Kansas Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Kansas Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Kentucky Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Kentucky Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Kentucky Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Louisiana Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Maine Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Maine Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Maine Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Maryland Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Massachusetts Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Michigan Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Michigan Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Michigan Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Mississippi Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Missouri Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Missouri Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Missouri Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Nebraska Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - New Hampshire Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - New Jersey Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - New York Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - North Carolina Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - North Carolina Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - North Carolina Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Ohio Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Oklahoma Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Pennsylvania Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Rhode Island Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - South Carolina Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Tennessee Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Texas Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Vermont Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Virginia Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Virginia Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - West Virginia Missouri Botanical Garden  

Physical Description

Data about <i>Lindera benzoin</i>
Flower color
Additional detail white
  • White
    An achromatic color of maximum brightness; the color of objects that reflect nearly all light of all visible wavelengths.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000323
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Leaf color
Additional detail green
  • Green
    A color hue with medium-low wavelength of that portion of the visible spectrum lying between yellow and blue, evoked in the human observer by radiant energy with wavelengths of approximately 490 to 570 nanometers.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000320
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Fruit or seed color
Additional detail red
  • Red
    A color hue with high wavelength of the long-wave end of the visible spectrum, evoked in the human observer by radiant energy with wavelengths of approximately 630 to 750 nanometers.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000322
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • Plant growth habit
    The general growth form of a plant - its size and branching - also its woodiness. Some plants have different growth habits depending on environment or location, so a plant can have more than one value.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PlantHabit
Plant growth habit
Additional detail shrub
  • Shrub
    Perennial, multi-stemmed woody plant that is usually less than 4 to 5 meters (13 to 16 feet) in height. Shrubs typically have several stems arising from or near the ground, but may be taller than 5 meters or single-stemmed under certain environmental conditions.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/shrub
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail shrub
  • Shrub
    Perennial, multi-stemmed woody plant that is usually less than 4 to 5 meters (13 to 16 feet) in height. Shrubs typically have several stems arising from or near the ground, but may be taller than 5 meters or single-stemmed under certain environmental conditions.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/shrub
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail shrub
  • Shrub
    Perennial, multi-stemmed woody plant that is usually less than 4 to 5 meters (13 to 16 feet) in height. Shrubs typically have several stems arising from or near the ground, but may be taller than 5 meters or single-stemmed under certain environmental conditions.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/shrub
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail shrub
  • Shrub
    Perennial, multi-stemmed woody plant that is usually less than 4 to 5 meters (13 to 16 feet) in height. Shrubs typically have several stems arising from or near the ground, but may be taller than 5 meters or single-stemmed under certain environmental conditions.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/shrub
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail tree
  • Tree
    Perennial, woody plant with a single stem (trunk), normally greater than 4 to 5 meters (13 to 16 feet) in height; under certain environmental conditions, some tree species may develop a multi-stemmed or short growth form (less than 4 meters or 13 feet in height).
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/tree
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail tree
  • Tree
    Perennial, woody plant with a single stem (trunk), normally greater than 4 to 5 meters (13 to 16 feet) in height; under certain environmental conditions, some tree species may develop a multi-stemmed or short growth form (less than 4 meters or 13 feet in height).
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/tree
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail tree
  • Tree
    Perennial, woody plant with a single stem (trunk), normally greater than 4 to 5 meters (13 to 16 feet) in height; under certain environmental conditions, some tree species may develop a multi-stemmed or short growth form (less than 4 meters or 13 feet in height).
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/tree
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Plant height max
Additional detail 3.66 m base age USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
median Additional detail 3.66 m mature USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
average Additional detail 2.74 m mature Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Shape
Additional detail erect
  • Erect
    A positional quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's being upright in position or posture.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000622
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • Primary growth form
    The primary growth form on the landscape in relation to soil stabilization on slopes and streamsides. Each plant species is assigned the single growth form that most enhances its ability to stabilize soil.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PrimaryGrowthForm
Primary growth form
Additional detail multiple stems
  • Multiple stems
    Plant development by producing two or more stems. Examples: roundleaf dogwood (Cornus rugosa) and red huckleberry (Vaccinium parvifolium).
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/multipleStems
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Carbon-to-nitrogen ratio
Additional detail medium (23 – 59)
  • Medium (23 – 59)
    The percentage of organic carbon divided by the percentage of total nitrogen in organic material is 23–59.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/mediumCNRatio
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Foliage texture
Additional detail rough
  • Rough
    A texture quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's irregular surface.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000700
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  

Ecology

Data about <i>Lindera benzoin</i>
  • Frost free days
    The average number of frost-free days within the plant’s known geographical range. For cultivars, the geographical range is defined as the area to which the cultivar is well adapted rather than marginally adapted.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/FrostFreeDays
Frost free days min
Additional detail 120 days USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • Precipitation tolerance
    Minimum tolerable rainfall (in inches), expressed as the average annual minimum precipitation that occurs 20% of the time (i.e., the probability of it being this dry in any given year is 20%) at the driest climate station within the known geographical range of the plant. geographical range of the plant. For cultivars, the geographical range is defined as the area to which the cultivar is well adapted rather than marginally adapted.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PrecipitationTolerance
Precipitation tolerance min
Additional detail 81.28 cm USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
max Additional detail 1.27 m USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • Soil depth
    The minimum depth of soil required for good growth. Plants that do not have roots such as rootless aquatic plants (floating or submerged) and epiphytes are assigned a minimum root depth value of zero.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/SoilDepth
Soil depth min
Additional detail 45.72 cm USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • Temperature tolerance
    The minimum tolerable temperature is the lowest temperature recorded in the plant’s historical range. If this is not available, the record low January temperature recorded at climate stations within the current geographical range of the plant is used. This definition does not apply to summer annuals.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/TemperatureTolerance
Temperature tolerance min
Additional detail -30.6 degrees Celsius USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Habitat
Additional detail non-marine IRMNG  
Additional detail woodland Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Habitat
Additional detail bay Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail cliff Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail flood plain
  • Flood plain
    An area which is subject to periodic flooding.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000255
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail forest
  • Forest
    An area with a high density of trees. A small forest may be called a wood.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000111
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail forest biome
  • Forest biome
    A forest biome is a terrestrial biome which includes, across its entire spatial extent, densely packed vegetation which strongly limits light penetration to the forest floor.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000174
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail limestone
  • Limestone
    A sedimentary rock composed largely of the mineral calcite.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002053
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail plateau
  • Plateau
    An elevated and comparatively level expanse of land.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000182
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail soil
  • Soil
    Any material within 2 m from the Earth's surface that is in contact with the atmosphere, with the exclusion of living organisms, areas with continuous ice not covered by other material, and water bodies deeper than 2 m.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00001998
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail stream bank
  • Stream bank
    The sloping margin of a stream, serving to confine it to its natural channel.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000142
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail swamp
  • Swamp
    A wetland that features permanent inundation of large areas of land by shallow bodies of water, generally with a substantial number of hummocks, or dry-land protrusions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000233
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail woodland Environments - EOL project  
  • Wetland Indicator Status (NWPL)
    Five indicator statuses, or ratings, are used in the United States National Wetland Plant List to designate a plant species’ preference for occurrence in a wetland or upland: Upland (UPL), Facultative Upland (FACU), Facultative (FAC), Facultative Wetland (FACW), and Obligate Wetland (OBL). The statuses represent the estimated probability of a species occurring in wetlands versus nonwetlands in a region.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/WetlandIndicatorStatus
Wetland Indicator Status (NWPL)
Additional detail Facultative National Wetland Plant List  
Additional detail Facultative Wetland
  • Facultative Wetland
    Hydrophyte. Usually occur in wetlands, but may occur in non-wetlands.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nwpl_facw
National Wetland Plant List  
Additional detail Facultative Wetland
  • Facultative Wetland
    Hydrophyte. Usually occur in wetlands, but may occur in non-wetlands.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nwpl_facw
National Wetland Plant List  
Additional detail Facultative Wetland
  • Facultative Wetland
    Hydrophyte. Usually occur in wetlands, but may occur in non-wetlands.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nwpl_facw
National Wetland Plant List  
Additional detail Facultative Wetland
  • Facultative Wetland
    Hydrophyte. Usually occur in wetlands, but may occur in non-wetlands.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nwpl_facw
National Wetland Plant List  
  • Interacts with
    an organism has an effect on another organism in the community.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/interactsWith
Interacts with
Additional detail Andrenine Bees GloBI  
Additional detail Andrenine Bees GloBI  
Additional detail Andrenine Bees GloBI  
Additional detail Green Clouded Swallowtail GloBI  
Additional detail Green Clouded Swallowtail GloBI  
Additional detail Promethea Silkmoth GloBI  
Additional detail Promethea Silkmoth GloBI  
Additional detail Sassafras Borer GloBI  
Additional detail Sassafras Borer GloBI  
Additional detail Stephanitis takeyai GloBI  
Additional detail Stephanitis takeyai GloBI  
Additional detail Stephanitis takeyai GloBI  
Additional detail Tulip-tree Beauty GloBI  
Additional detail Tulip-tree Beauty GloBI  
  • Interacts with
    an organism has an effect on another organism in the community.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/interactsWithreverse
Interacts with
Additional detail American Hornbeam GloBI  
Additional detail An Andrenid Bee GloBI  
Additional detail Black Oak GloBI  
Additional detail Cucumber Tree GloBI  
Additional detail Mockernut Hickory GloBI  
Additional detail Northern Red Oak GloBI  
Additional detail Northern Red Oak GloBI  
Additional detail Northern Red Oak GloBI  
Additional detail Spicebush GloBI  
Additional detail Spicebush GloBI  
Additional detail Spicebush GloBI  
Additional detail Spicebush GloBI  
Additional detail Spicebush GloBI  
Additional detail Spicebush GloBI  
Additional detail Stephanitis takeyai GloBI  
Additional detail Stephanitis takeyai GloBI  
  • Has predator
    is consumed for energetic or other nutritional needs (by another organism)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/HasPredator
Has predator
Additional detail Green Clouded Swallowtail GloBI  
Additional detail Palamedes Or Laurel Swallowtail GloBI  
Additional detail Tiger Swallowtail GloBI  
Fire resistance
Additional detail is not fire resistant USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • Allelopathic effect
    This is an assay of any direct or indirect, harmful or beneficial effect of one plant on another through the production of chemical compounds (allelochemicals) that escape in the environment.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/TO_0000624
Allelopathic effect
Additional detail no known allelopathy
  • No known allelopathy
    There is no evidence that the organism produces compounds (allelochemicals) that influence the growth, survival, and reproduction of other organisms.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/allelopathyUnknown
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Soil requirements
Additional detail adapted to fine textured soils
  • Adapted to fine textured soils
    This plan can establish and grow in soil with a fine textured surface layer. Includes: Sandy clay, Silty clay, Clay.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/fineSoilYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail adapted to medium textured soils
  • Adapted to medium textured soils
    This plan can establish and grow in soil with a medium textured surface layer. Includes: Silt, Sandy clay loam, Very fine sandy loam, Silty clay loam, Silt loam, Loam, Fine sandy loam, Sandy loam, Coarse sandy loam.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/mediumSoilYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail needs wet to average soils Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail not adapted to coarse textured soils
  • Not adapted to coarse textured soils
    This plan cannot establish and grow in soil with a coarse textured surface layer. Includes: Sand, Coarse sand, Fine sand, Loamy coarse sand, Loamy fine sand, Loamy very fine sand, Very fine sand, Loamy sand.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/coarseSoilNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Anaerobic soil tolerance
Additional detail medium (normal)
  • Medium (normal)
    Average. A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's exhibiting no deviation from normal or average.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000461
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Drought tolerance
Additional detail low tolerance
  • Low tolerance
    decreased tolerance to: A tolerance quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's decreased ability to endure a stimulus.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002394
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • Calcareous soil tolerance
    The relative tolerance of the plant to calcareous soil. Calcareous soil is defined as soil containing sufficient free CaCO3 and other carbonates to effervesce visibly or audibly when treated with cold 0.1M HCl. These soils usually contain from 10 to almost 1000g/kg CaCO3 equivalent.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/CalcareousSoilTolerance
Calcareous soil tolerance
Additional detail medium (normal)
  • Medium (normal)
    Average. A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's exhibiting no deviation from normal or average.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000461
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Moisture use
Additional detail medium
  • Medium
    Mid-way between small and large in number, quantity, magnitude or extent.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C49507
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Salt tolerance
Additional detail none USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Shade tolerance
Additional detail medium (normal)
  • Medium (normal)
    Average. A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's exhibiting no deviation from normal or average.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000461
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail needs shade to partial shade Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  

Life History and Behavior

Data about <i>Lindera benzoin</i>
Life cycle habit
Additional detail perennial
  • Perennial
    Of plant duration, a plant whose life span extends over more than two growing seasons, c.f. annual, biennial, ephemeral, of flowering with respect to architecture, hapaxanthic, monocarpic, pleonanthic
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/perennial
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail perennial
  • Perennial
    Of plant duration, a plant whose life span extends over more than two growing seasons, c.f. annual, biennial, ephemeral, of flowering with respect to architecture, hapaxanthic, monocarpic, pleonanthic
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/perennial
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail perennial
  • Perennial
    Of plant duration, a plant whose life span extends over more than two growing seasons, c.f. annual, biennial, ephemeral, of flowering with respect to architecture, hapaxanthic, monocarpic, pleonanthic
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/perennial
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Shedability
Additional detail deciduous
  • Deciduous
    Deciduous (plant): A quality inhering in a plant by virtue of the bearer's disposition to shed foliage.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001731
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Bloom period
Additional detail mid spring
  • Mid spring
    The mid part of the season between the vernal equinox and the summer solstice.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/midSpring
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Active growth period
Additional detail spring and summer USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Growth rate
Additional detail slow USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Life span
Additional detail high life span
  • High life span
    Increased life span: A life span which is relatively high.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001603
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Grass growth type
Additional detail not a low growing grass
  • Not a low growing grass
    The growing point (terminal meristem) of the vegetative grass tiller does not remain at or near the crown.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/lowGrowingGrassNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Resprout ability after clipping
Additional detail will resprout
  • Will resprout
    The plant will resprout following top (above ground biomass) removal.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/ResproutYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Germination requirements
Additional detail cold stratification required
  • Cold stratification required
    Cold stratification significantly increases the seed germination percentage of this plant.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/coldStratificationYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Fruit/seed abundance
Additional detail low
  • Low
    A minimum level or position or degree; less than normal in degree, intensity or amount.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C54722
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Seed period end
Additional detail autumn
  • Autumn
    The season between the autumnal equinox and the winter solstice.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C94733
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Seed period begin
Additional detail summer
  • Summer
    The season between the summer solstice and the autumnal equinox.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C94732
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Fruit/seed persistence
Additional detail fruit/seed is not persistent
  • Fruit/seed is not persistent
    The fruit or seed is not persistent on the plant.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/fruitPersistentNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Seeds per pound average
Additional detail 4,500 USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Seed spread rate
Additional detail slow USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Seedling survival
Additional detail medium
  • Medium
    Mid-way between small and large in number, quantity, magnitude or extent.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C49507
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Vegetative spread rate
Additional detail none USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Seed ripening date
Additional detail August
  • August
    The eighth month of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C106187
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Bloom period begin
Additional detail March
  • March
    The third month of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C106182
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Bloom period end
Additional detail April
  • April
    The fourth month of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C106183
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Seed per unit average
Additional detail 4,700 per ounce Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  

Physiology and Cell Biology

Data about <i>Lindera benzoin</i>
  • Soil pH
    The soil pH, of the top 12 inches of soil, within the plant’s known geographical range. For cultivars, the geographical range is defined as the area to which the cultivar is well adapted rather than marginally adapted.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/SoilPH
Soil pH min
Additional detail 4.5 USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
max Additional detail 6 USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • Nitrogen fixation
    The process in which nitrogen is taken from its relatively inert molecular form (N2) in the atmosphere and converted into nitrogen compounds useful for other chemical processes, such as ammonia, nitrate and nitrogen dioxide.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0009399
Nitrogen fixation
Additional detail none USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Primary macronutrient requirements
Additional detail high
  • High
    An elevated level or position or degree; greater than normal in degree or intensity or amount.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C25227
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  

Conservation

Data about <i>Lindera benzoin</i>
Extinction status
Additional detail extant IRMNG  

Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Data about <i>Lindera benzoin</i>
Livestock bloat potential
Additional detail none USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Horticulture
Additional detail flower is conspicuous
  • Flower is conspicuous
    Flowers are conspicuous from a landscaping aesthetics standpoint.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/flowerConspicuousYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail fruit/seed is not conspicuous
  • Fruit/seed is not conspicuous
    The fruit or seed is not conspicuous from a landscaping aesthetics standpoint.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/fruitSeedConspicuousNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail is not fall conspicuous
  • Is not fall conspicuous
    The leaves or fruits are not conspicuous during Autumn from a landscaping aesthetics standpoint.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/fallConspicuousNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not suitable for the coppice method of silviculture
  • Not suitable for the coppice method of silviculture
    The plant is not suitable for the coppice method of silviculture. Coppicing completely removes the canopy of woody plants, cutting them at or just above ground level.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/coppicePotentialNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • Foliage porosity winter
    Indicates the porosity (coverage) of the foliage during the winter months. Foliage porosity is an important factor when trees or shrubs are used as windbreaks for the protection of crops and livestock shelters. Denser (or less porous) foliage allows more wind to pass through.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/FoliagePorosityWinter
Foliage porosity winter
Additional detail porous
  • Porous
    A porosity quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's being capable of admitting the passage of gas or liquid through pores or interstices.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000984
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • Foliage porosity summer
    Indicates the porosity (coverage) of the foliage during the summer months. Foliage porosity is an important factor when trees or shrubs are used as windbreaks for the protection of crops and livestock shelters. Denser (or less porous) foliage allows more wind to pass through.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/FoliagePorositySummer
Foliage porosity summer
Additional detail moderately porous
  • Moderately porous
    A porosity quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's being incapable of admitting the passage of gas or liquid through pores or interstices.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/moderatePorosity
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Human/livestock toxicity
Additional detail none USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Hedge tolerance
Additional detail low tolerance
  • Low tolerance
    decreased tolerance to: A tolerance quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's decreased ability to endure a stimulus.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002394
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Planting density min
Additional detail 1,200 per acre USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
max Additional detail 2,700 per acre USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Commercial availability
Additional detail routinely available
  • Routinely available
    The plant is routinely available commercially.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/routinelyAvailable
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Plant propagation method
Additional detail macerate
  • Macerate
    Macerate (mash) berries to remove skin and pulp (sieves work well).
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagationMacerate
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail moist storage to avoid deep dormancy
  • Moist storage to avoid deep dormancy
    Deep dormancy if seed dries out. Store seed moist in the refrigerator.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagationAvoidDeepDormancy
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail not propogated by bulbs
  • Not propogated by bulbs
    It is not practical to propagate this plant as bulbs.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedByBulbsNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not propogated by corms
  • Not propogated by corms
    It is not practical to propagate this plant as corms.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedByCormsNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not propogated by cuttings
  • Not propogated by cuttings
    It is not practical to propagate this plant as either stem or root cuttings.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedByCuttingsNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not propogated by sod
  • Not propogated by sod
    This plant does not lend itself to being developed as a sod product.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedBySodNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not propogated by sprigs
  • Not propogated by sprigs
    It is not practical to propagate this plant by sprigs.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedBySprigsNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not propogated by tubers
  • Not propogated by tubers
    It is not practical to propagate this plant by tubers.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedByTubersNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail propogated by bare root
  • Propogated by bare root
    It is practical to propagate this plant as a bare root product.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedByBareRootYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail propogated by container
  • Propogated by container
    This plant lends itself to being developed as a container product.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedByContainerYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail propogated by seed
  • Propogated by seed
    It is practical to propagate this plant by seed.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedBySeedYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail sow in container or outside
  • Sow in container or outside
    Sow seed immediately in container and keep watered outside or sow outside.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagationContainerOutside
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail sow outside in soil
  • Sow outside in soil
    Sow outside immediately in soil and label or sow in container.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagationOutside
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Grain type
Additional detail is not a small grain
  • Is not a small grain
    The plant is not a small grain. A small grain is a cereal (as wheat, oats, barley, rye, rice) having relatively small kernels or sometimes a relatively small plant as distinguished from a plant (as corn) with large kernels or sometimes from a cereal (as sorghum) with a large plant but small kernels or from a similarly cultured and used seed (as soybean) with a relatively small plant and large seeds.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/smallGrainNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Uses
Additional detail no berries, nuts, seeds, or fruits palatable to humans
  • No berries, nuts, seeds, or fruits palatable to humans
    The plant does not produce berries, nuts, seeds, or fruits that are palatable to humans.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/palatableHumansNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not suitable as berry/nut/seed product
  • Not suitable as berry/nut/seed product
    This woody perennial is not suitable for the commercial production of either berries, nuts, or seeds. Herbaceous plants are scored "not suitable” here by default.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/berryNutSeedNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not suitable as Christmas tree product
  • Not suitable as Christmas tree product
    The plant is not known to be suitable for the Christmas tree market.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/christmasTreeNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not suitable as lumber product
  • Not suitable as lumber product
    The plant is not suitable, and has no potential, for use as a commercial lumber producer.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/lumberNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not suitable as nursery stock product
  • Not suitable as nursery stock product
    This plant is not suitable for production of nursery stock.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nurseryStockNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not suitable as post product
  • Not suitable as post product
    The tree or shrub is not commonly used and does not have high potential for the production of posts, poles, mine timbers, or railroad ties. Plants other than trees and shrubs are scored “not suitable” here by default.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/postProductNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not suitable as pulpwood product
  • Not suitable as pulpwood product
    The woody perennial is not commonly used and does not have high potential to be used for the production of pulpwood. Herbaceous plants are scored "not suitable" here by default.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/pulpwoodNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not suitable as veneer product
  • Not suitable as veneer product
    The tree is not commonly used and does not have high potential to be used for commercial veneer or plywood. Plants other than trees are scored “not suitable” here by default.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/veneerNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not suitable for naval store products
  • Not suitable for naval store products
    This woody perennial is not suitable for production of naval store products. Navel Store Products are defined as tar, pitch, turpentine, pine oil, rosin, and terpenes obtained from pine and other coniferous trees. Herbaceous plants are scored "not suitable” here by default.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/navalStoreNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not used as fodder product
  • Not used as fodder product
    The plant is not known to be used as animal fodder material. The definition of fodder from the Crop Science Society of America is: Coarse grasses such as corn or sorghum harvested with the seed and leaves green or alive, then cured and fed in their entirety as forage.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/fodderNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Browse animal palatability
Additional detail medium
  • Medium
    Mid-way between small and large in number, quantity, magnitude or extent.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C49507
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Graze animal palatability
Additional detail low
  • Low
    A minimum level or position or degree; less than normal in degree, intensity or amount.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C54722
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Protein potential
Additional detail low
  • Low
    A minimum level or position or degree; less than normal in degree, intensity or amount.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C54722
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Plant spacing average
Additional detail 2.74 m Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Seed/spore extraction
Additional detail mash ripe berries
  • Mash ripe berries
    Mash ripe berries in a sieve or colander and remove skin and pulp.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/seedExtractMash
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  

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