Distribution: On the edge of dry secondary forests. Native of South America but cultivated throughout the Antilles. Naturalized on St. John and Tortola, cultivated on St. Croix.
Aristolochia elegans Mast, Gard. Chron. Ii, 24: 301. 1885.
Synonym: Aristolochia littoralis sensu Pfeifer, non Parodi
Woody vine, twining, attaining 7 m in length. Stems glabrous, cylindrical. Leaves alternate; blades 7-9 × 6-10 cm, reniform or broadly ovate, chartaceous, the venation palmate, the apex obtuse or rounded, the base cordiform, the margins entire; upper surface glabrous, shiny; lower surface with prominent venation, glaucous; petioles 1-3 cm long, glabrous; pseudostipules reniform, 1-1.5 cm long. Flowers solitary, pendulous; peduncle ca. 5 cm long; utricle ellipsoid-cylindrical, ca. 3 cm long, the tube 2.5-3.5 cm long, curved at the base, ascending, the limb asymmetrically peltate, crateriform, the lower margin retuse, 5-7 cm in diameter, light green or cream-colored with a cardinal red reticulum. Capsule cylindrical with 5 longitudinal ribs, 5-6 cm long; seeds membranaceous, triangular or ovate, 6-7 mm long.
Phenology: Collected in flower in February and March and in fruit in February.
Status: Exotic, cultivated and naturalized, uncommon.
Selected Specimens Examined: Acevedo-Rdgz., P.4136.
Life History and Behavior
Molecular Biology and Genetics
Barcode data: Aristolochia elegans
Statistics of barcoding coverage: Aristolochia elegans
Public Records: 2
Specimens with Barcodes: 5
Species With Barcodes: 1
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