Regularity: Regularly occurring
Comments: Woodlands and shrub borders (Radford et al, 1968).
Life History and Behavior
National NatureServe Conservation Status
Rounded National Status Rank: NNA - Not Applicable
Mahonia bealei is a shrub native to mainland China (Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Zhejiang). The species has sometimes been regarded as the same species as Mahonia japonica, native to Taiwan, but the two differ consistently in certain floral and leaf characters. Both species are widely cultivated in many countries as ornamentals. Mahonia bealei has reportedly escaped cultivation and become established in the wild in scattered places in the southeastern United States from Arkansas to Florida to Delaware.
Mahonia bealei is a shrub or small tree up to 8 m tall. Leaves are up to 50 cm long, with 4-10 [pairs of leaflets, plus a much larger terminal leaflet. Flowers are borne in an erect raceme up to 30 cm long. Berry is egg-shaped, dark purple up to 15 mm long.
- The Plant List
- Flora of China v 19 p 778, Mahonia bealei
- Biota of North America Program
- Flora of North America vol 3, Berberis bealei
- Carrière, Élie Abel. 1855. Flore des Serres et des Jardins de l'Europe 10: 166 Mahonia bealei
- Fortune, Robert. 1850. Gardeners' Chronicle & Agricultural Gazette 1850: 212, Berberis bealei
- Fedde, Friedrich Karl Georg. 1901. Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 31(1): 119–120, Mahonia japonica var. bealei
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