The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • 1996. database, The PLANTS Database
  • 1996. database, NODC Taxonomic Code
  • 2000. database, The PLANTS Database
  • 2007. Flora of the West Indies website
  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, Pedro, and Mark T. Strong. 2012. Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany, no. 98
  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, Pedro, and Mark T. Strong. 2012. Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany, no. 98. xxv+1192
  • Lectotype collection: Urban, I. 1899. Symb. Antill. 1: 300.; Pfeifer, H. W. 1966. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 53: 171.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2015). ITIS Regional: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Dec 2014). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col. Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Piperales of North America Update
  • Syntype: Urban, I. 1899. Symb. Antill. 1: 300.; Pfeifer, H. W. 1966. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 53: 171.

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