Overview

Distribution

National Distribution

United States

Origin: Unknown/Undetermined

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

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National Distribution

Canada

Origin: Unknown/Undetermined

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

United States

Origin: Unknown/Undetermined

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

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Global Range: Southern BC to CA and NM; MO east to PA and FL; Japan.

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B.C.; Ala., Ariz., Ark., Calif., Colo., Fla., Ga., Idaho, Ill., Ky., Md., Mo., Mont., N.Mex., N.C., Oreg., Pa., S.C., Tenn., Utah, Va., Wash., W.Va., Wyo.; Mexico; e Asia.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Description

Herbs , 0.5-1.5 m. Rhizome with fascicles of fibrous roots. Stems 1-several, erect, usually unbranched below inflorescence, 0.5-1.5 m, glabrous or glabrate. Leaves: basal leaves with petiole to 4.5dm, blade 1-3(-4) dm wide, lobe apex acute; cauline leaves reduced toward apex of stem. Inflorescences: peduncle 1-8dm; pedicel densely pubescent with minute, hooked trichomes. Flowers: stamens white, 5-10 mm. Utricles papery, veins prominent along angles and on 2 adaxial faces. 2 n =16.
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Diagnostic Description

Synonym

Hydrastis caroliniensis Walter, Fl. Carol., 156. 1788; Trautvetteria caroliniensis var. borealis (Hara) T. Shimizu; T. caroliniensis var. occidentalis (A.Gray) C. L. Hitchcock; T .grandis Nuttall; T. palmata (Michaux) Fischer & C. A. Meyer
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Ecology

Habitat

Comments: Moist woods, plains, and streambanks.

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Wooded seepage slopes, stream banks, bogs, rarely prairies or bluffs, western spruce-fir forests and subalpine meadows; 0-3800m.
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Life History and Behavior

Cyclicity

Flowering/Fruiting

Flowering summer.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Trautvetteria caroliniensis

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Trautvetteria caroliniensis

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 3
Specimens with Barcodes: 4
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNR - Unranked

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: T4 - Apparently Secure

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National NatureServe Conservation Status

Canada

Rounded National Status Rank: NNR - Unranked

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNR - Unranked

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: G5 - Secure

Reasons: Especially common in the western part of its range. Very widespread species.

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Wikipedia

Trautvetteria

Trautvetteria is a genus of flowering plants in the buttercup family. Today it is often considered a monotypic genus, containing only one species, Trautvetteria caroliniensis,[1] which is known by the common names Carolina bugbane, false bugbane, and tassel-rue. A second species, T. japonica, is now generally considered a variety of this species.[2] The genus is named for the botanist Ernst Rudolf von Trautvetter.[1]

This plant is native to Asia and eastern and western North America. It grows in moist wooded areas and other habitat. It is a rhizomatous perennial herb producing an erect stem up to 1.5 meters in maximum height. The large leaf has a palmate blade up to 30 or 40 centimeters wide with deeply divided, pointed, toothed lobes. The blade is borne on a long, slender petiole which may measure up to 45 centimeters long. The leaf is green, darker on top and paler underneath. The inflorescence is a panicle with several clusters of flowers on branches. The flower has no petals and is mostly made up of many long, white stamens each up to a centimeter long. At the center is a spherical cluster of green pistils. This develops into a spherical cluster of green fruits.

References

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Notes

Comments

Trautvetteria caroliniensis apparently has been extirpated from Indiana. 

 The numerous white stamens make Trautvetteria caroliniensis an attractive ornamental, and it is reportedly easy to grow.

Populations of Trautvetteria caroliniensis in western North America have been distinguished from the eastern typical material as T . caroliniansis var. borealis (Hara) T. Shimizu [synonym: T . caroliniensis var. occidentalis (A. Gray) C.L. Hitchcock]. Asian populations, long treated as the distinct species T . japonica Siebold & Zuccarini, were most recently regarded (T. Shimizu 1981; M. Tamura 1991) as conspecific with the North American populations [as T . caroliniensis var. japonica (Siebold & Zuccarini) T. Shimizu]. Aside from geography, varietal differences seem rather arbitrary.

The Bella Coola applied poultices made from the pounded roots of Trautvetteria caroliniensis to boils (on adults only) (D.E. Moerman 1986).

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