The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 1996. database, NODC Taxonomic Code
  • Anonymous. 1986. List-Based Rec., Soil Conserv. Serv., U.S.D.A. Database of the U.S.D.A., Beltsville.
  • CONABIO. 2009. Catálogo taxonómico de especies de México. 1. In Capital Nat. México. CONABIO, Mexico City.
  • Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Man. Vasc. Pl. Texas i–xv, 1–1881. The University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson.
  • Dendrologie 1: 598. 1869. (Dendrologie)
  • Fagales of North America Update
  • Fernald, M. 1950. Manual (ed. 8) i–lxiv, 1–1632. American Book Co., New York.
  • Gleason, H. A. & A.J. Cronquist. 1991. Man. Vasc. Pl. N.E. U.S. (ed. 2) i–910. New York Botanical Garden, Bronx.
  • Godfrey, R. K. & J. W. Wooten. 1981. Aquatic Wetland Pl. S.E. U.S. Dicot. 1–944. Univ. Georgia Press, Athens.
  • Great Plains Flora Association. 1986. Fl. Great Plains i–vii, 1–1392. University Press of Kansas, Lawrence.
  • Image metadata at Bioimages ( External link.
  • Manning, W. E. 1949. The genus Carya in Mexico. J. Arnold Arbor. 30: 425–432.
  • Marticorena C & R Rodríguez . 1995-2005. Flora de Chile. Vols 1, 2(1-3). Ed. Universidad de Concepción, Concepción. 351 pp., 99 pp., 93 pp., 128 pp. Matthei O. 1995. Manual de las malezas que crecen en Chile. Alfabeta Impresores. 545 p.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2015). ITIS Regional: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Dec 2014). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Radford, A. E., H. E. Ahles & C. R. Bell. 1968. Man. Vasc. Fl. Carolinas i–lxi, 1–1183. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill.
  • Schwegman, J. E. 1991. The Vascular Flora of Langham Island, Kankakee County, Illinois. Erigenia 11: 1–8.
    1. Baker, Whiteford L. 1972. Eastern forest insects. U.S.  Department of Agriculture, Miscellaneous Publication 1175.  Washington, DC. 642 p.
    3. Boisen, Anton T., and J. A. Newlin. 1910. The commercial  hickories. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Bulletin 80.  Washington, DC. 64 p.
    5. Bonner, Frank T. 1976. Storage and stratification  recommendations for pecan and shagbark hickory. Tree  Planters'Notes 27(4):3-5.
    7. Bonner, F. T., and L. C. Maisenhelder. 1974. Carya Nutt.  Hickory. In Seeds of woody plants in the United States. p.  269-272. C. S. Schopmeyer, tech. coord. U.S. Department of  Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook 450. Washington, DC.
    9. Dale, Martin E. 1972. Growth and yield predictions for  upland oak stands 10 years after initial thinning. USDA  Forest Service, Research Paper NE-241. Northeastern Forest  Experiment Station, Upper Darby, PA. 21 p.
    11. Elias, Thomas S. 1972. The genera of Juglandaceae in the  southeastern United States. Journal of the Arnold Arboretum  53:26-51.
    13. Eyre, F. H., ed. 1980. Forest cover types of the United  States and Canada. Society of American Foresters,  Washington, DC. 148 p.
    15. Gingrich, Samuel F. 1971. Management of young and  intermediate stands of upland hardwoods. USDA Forest  Service, Research Paper NE-195. Northeastern Forest  Experiment Station, Upper Darby, PA. 26 p.
    17. Hepting, George H. 1971. Diseases of forest and shade trees  of the United States. U.S. Department of Agriculture,  Agriculture Handbook 386. Washington, DC. 658 p.
    19. Hyypio, Peter A. 1970. Carya ovata "Holden", an  ornamental cultivar of shagbark hickory (Juglandaceae).  Baileya 17(2):91-96.
    21. Little, Elbert L., Jr. 1969. Two varietal transfers in Carya  (hickory). Phytologia 19(3):186-190.
    23. Little, Elbert L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States  trees (native and naturalized). U.S. Department of  Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook 541. Washington, DC. 375  p.
    25. MacDaniels, L. H. 1969. Hickories. In Handbook of  North American nut trees. p. 190-202. Richard A. Jaynes, ed.  The Northern Nut Growers Association, Knoxville, TN.
    27. Martin, Alexander C., H. S. Zim, and A. L. Nelson. 1961.  American wildlife and plants: a guide to wildlife food  habits. Dover, New York. 500 p. (Unabridged republication of  1st (1951) edition.)
    29. Nelson, Thomas C. 1961. Silvical characteristics of shagbark  hickory. USDA Forest Service, Station Paper 135.  Southeastern Forest Experiment Station, Asheville, NC. 11 p. 
    31. Nelson, Thomas C. 1965. Silvical characteristics of shagbark  hickory (Carya ovata (Mill.) K Koch). In Silvics of  forest trees of the United States. p. 128-131. H. A.  Fowells, comp. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agriculture  Handbook 271. Washington, DC.
    33. Nixon, Charles M., M. W. McClain, and L. P. Hansen. 1980.  Six years of hickory seed yields in southeastern Ohio.  Journal of Wildlife Management 44(2):534-539.
    35. Phillips, Douglas R. 1973. Hickory ... an American wood.  USDA Forest Service, FS-241. Washington, DC. 7 p.
    37. Roach, Benjamin A., and S. F. Gingrich. 1968. Even-aged  silviculture for upland central hardwoods. U.S. Department  of Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook 355. Washington, DC. 39  p.
    39. Sander, Ivan L. 1977. Manager's handbook for oaks in the  North Central States. USDA Forest Service, General Technical  Report NC-37. North Central Forest Experiment Station, St.  Paul, MN. 35 p.
    41. Sander, Ivan L., C. E. McGee, K. G. Day, R. E. Willard.  1983. Oak-hickory. In Silvicultural systems for the  major forest types of the United States. p. 116-120. R. M.  Burns, tech. comp. U.S. Department of Agriculture,  Agriculture Handbook 445. Washington, DC.
    43. Sargent, Charles Sprague. 1933. Manual of the trees of North  America (exclusive of Mexico). Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston  and New York. 910 p.
    45. Schnur, G. Luther. 1937. Yield, stand, and volume tables for  even-aged upland oak forests. U.S. Department of  Agriculture, Technical Bulletin 560. Washington, DC. 87 p. 
    47. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service.  1975. Soil taxonomy: a basic system of soil classification  for making and interpreting soil surveys. U.S. Department of  Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook 436. Washington, DC. 754  p.
    49. Vines, Robert A. 1960. Trees, shrubs, and woody vines of the  Southwest. University of Texas Press, Austin. 1104 p.


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