Overview

Distribution

National Distribution

Canada

Origin: Native

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Present

Confidence: Confident

United States

Origin: Unknown/Undetermined

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

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Greenland; Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., Nfld., N.W.T., N.S., Ont., Que., Sask.; Alaska, Ariz., Calif., Colo., Conn., Idaho, Ill., Ind., Iowa, Maine, Mass., Mich., Minn., Mont., Nev., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.Dak., Ohio, Oreg., Pa., R.I., S.Dak., Utah, Vt., Va., Wash., W.Va., Wis., Wyo.; Europe; nw Asia.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Description

Trophophore stalk 2--15 cm, 0.3--1.2 times length of trophophore rachis; blade shiny green, plane, ternate, 2--3-pinnate, to 25 × 35 cm, leathery. Pinnae to 10 pairs, approximate to remote, horizontal to ascending, distance between 1st and 2d pinnae not or slightly more than between 2d and 3d pairs, divided to tip. Pinnules obliquely ovate, rounded, margins usually ± entire to shallowly crenulate, sometimes inconspicuously and shallowly denticulate, apex rounded, venation pinnate. Sporophores 2--3-pinnate, 1.2 times length of trophophore. 2 n =90.
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Diagnostic Description

Synonym

Osmunda multifida S.G. Gmelin, Novi Comment. Acad. Sci. Imp. Petrop. 12: 517. 1768; Botrychium californicum L.Underwood; B. coulteri L.Underwood; B. silaifolium C.Presl
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Type Information

Type collection for Botrychium coulteri Underw.
Catalog Number: US 508557
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Verified from the card file of type specimens
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): P. A. Rydberg & E. Bessey
Locality: Yellowstone National Park., United States, North America
  • Type collection: Underwood, L. M. 1898. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club. 25: 537.
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Isotype for Botrychium coulteri Underw.
Catalog Number: US 360502
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Verified from the card file of type specimens
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): P. A. Rydberg & E. Bessey
Year Collected: 1897
Locality: Yellowstone National Park, Lower Geyser Basin., Montana, United States, North America
Elevation (m): 2286
  • Isotype: Underwood, L. M. 1898. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club. 25: 537.
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Ecology

Habitat

Leaves green over winter, appearing in spring. Widespread mainly in fields; 0--3000m.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Botrychium multifidum

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Botrychium multifidum

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 4
Specimens with Barcodes: 7
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

Canada

Rounded National Status Rank: N5 - Secure

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNR - Unranked

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: G5 - Secure

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Threats

Comments: Lack of disturbance and succession are moderate threats to this species (Southern Appalachian Species Viability Project 2002).

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Wikipedia

Sceptridium multifidum

Sceptridium multifidum is a fern species in the Ophioglossaceae[1][2] (Adder's tongue family), known by the common names leathery grapefern[3] and leathery moonwort. It is native to Europe, Asia, and North America, where it is widespread and grows in moist areas in many habitat types. This is a fleshy, leathery plant growing from a small caudex with thin, corky roots. It produces a single leaf which emerges directly from the ground. It is divided into a sterile and a fertile part. The sterile part of the leaf is wide and has rounded or oval-shaped leaflets. The fertile part of the leaf is very different in shape, with grapelike clusters of sporangia by which it reproduces.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Botrychium Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden. 16 Jan 2012
  2. ^ a b Christenhusz, Maarten J. M.; Zhang, Xian-Chun; Schneider, Harald (2011). "A linear sequence of extant families and genera of lycophytes and ferns" (PDF). Phytotaxa 19: 7–54. 
  3. ^ Botrychium multifidum, USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Profile, 17 Jan 2012 
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Notes

Comments

Botrychium multifidum is rather similar to B . robustum (Ruprecht) L.Underwood of Japan, eastern China, and the former Soviet republics. Specimens identified as B . robustum have been collected on Unalaska Island.
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