The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Academy of Natural Sciences Malacolog Version 4.1.0 A Database of Western Atlantic Marine Mollusca. Available online.
  • Bouchet P.,Gofas S. & Rosenberg G. (2013). WoRMS Mollusca: World Marine Mollusca database (version Feb 2013). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Brunel, P., L. Bosse, & G. Lamarche. 1998. Catalogue of the marine invertebrates of the estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence. Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 126. 405 p.
  • Brusca RC and GJ Brusca. 1990. Invertebrates. Sinauer Associates, Inc., Sunderland, MA pg. 704.
  • Frick MG, Williams KL, Veljacic D, Pierrard L, Jackson JA, and SE Knight. 2000. Newly documented epibiont species from nesting loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta) in Georgia, USA. Marine Turtle Newsletter 88:3-5.
  • Goode, George Brown. 1884. Fisheries and Fishery Industries of the United States: Section I, Natural History of Useful Aquatic Animals, Plates. Washington, DC : Government Printing Office; Plate 254
  • Howard RK 1987. Diel variation in the abundance of epifauna associated with seagrasses of the Indian River, Florida, USA. Marine Biology 96:137-142.
  • ITIS database
  • ITIS. International Taxonomy Inventory System. Available online.
  • McMahon RF and WD Russell-Hunter. 1977. Temperature relations of aerial and aquatic respiration in six littoral snails in relation to their vertical zonation. Biological Bulletin 152:182-198.
  • Monsecour K. 2010. Checklist of Columbellidae. pers. com.
  • Monsecour, K.; Rosenberg, G. (2015). Astyris lunata. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
  • Osman RW and RB Whitlach. 1995. Predation on early ontogenetic life stages and its effect on recruitment into a marine epifaunal community. Marine Ecology Progress Series 117:111-126.
  • Osman RW, RB Whitlach, and RJ Malatesta. 1992. Potential role of micro-predators in determining recruitment into a marine community. Marine Ecology Progress Series 83:35-43.
  • Rosenberg, G. 2004. Malacolog Version 3.3.2: Western Atlantic gastropod database. The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, PA.
  • Rosenberg, G., F. Moretzsohn, and E. F. García. 2009. Gastropoda (Mollusca) of the Gulf of Mexico,
  • Stachowitz JJ and RB Whitlach. 2005. Multiple mutualists provide complementary benefits to their seaweed host. Ecology 89:2418-2427.
  • Stocks, K. 2009. Seamounts Online: an online information system for seamount biology. Version 2009-1. World Wide Web electronic publication.
  • Syntype: Proc. Boston Soc. nat. Hist. 4: 114.
  • Trott, T.J. 2004. Cobscook Bay inventory: a historical checklist of marine invertebrates spanning 162 years. Northeastern Naturalist (Special Issue 2): 261 - 324.
  • Turgeon, D. D., J. F. Quinn, Jr., A. E. Bogan, E. V. Coan, F. G. Hochberg, W. G. Lyons, et al. 1998. Common and scientific names of aquatic invertebrates from the United States and Canada: Mollusks, 2nd ed. American Fisheries Society Special Publication 26. 526


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