Overview

Comprehensive Description

Astyris lunata belongs to the order Gastropoda. Members of this order have a shell that is lacking a nacreous layer, radula with 1-3 teeth, and a mantle that forms a siphon (Brusca and Brusca 1990). The color of the shell is brown to yellowish-brown grading from end to center with three series of deep-red or dark brownish-red hook-shaped bands in the middle and at the ends.
  • Academy of Natural Sciences Malacolog Version 4.1.0 A Database of Western Atlantic Marine Mollusca. Available online.
  • Brusca RC and GJ Brusca. 1990. Invertebrates. Sinauer Associates, Inc., Sunderland, MA pg. 704.
  • Frick MG, Williams KL, Veljacic D, Pierrard L, Jackson JA, and SE Knight. 2000. Newly documented epibiont species from nesting loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta) in Georgia, USA. Marine Turtle Newsletter 88:3-5.
  • Howard RK 1987. Diel variation in the abundance of epifauna associated with seagrasses of the Indian River, Florida, USA. Marine Biology 96:137-142.
  • ITIS. International Taxonomy Inventory System. Available online.
  • McMahon RF and WD Russell-Hunter. 1977. Temperature relations of aerial and aquatic respiration in six littoral snails in relation to their vertical zonation. Biological Bulletin 152:182-198.
  • Osman RW and RB Whitlach. 1995. Predation on early ontogenetic life stages and its effect on recruitment into a marine epifaunal community. Marine Ecology Progress Series 117:111-126.
  • Osman RW, RB Whitlach, and RJ Malatesta. 1992. Potential role of micro-predators in determining recruitment into a marine community. Marine Ecology Progress Series 83:35-43.
  • Stachowitz JJ and RB Whitlach. 2005. Multiple mutualists provide complementary benefits to their seaweed host. Ecology 89:2418-2427.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© Smithsonian Marine Station at Fort Pierce

Source: Indian River Lagoon Species Inventory

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Distribution

Range: 48°N to 28°S; 97.6°W to 34.9°W. Distribution: Canada; Canada: Nova Scotia, New Brunswick; USA: Maine (Cobscook Bay), Massachusetts, New York, New Jersey, Virginia, Georgia, Florida; Florida: East Florida, West Florida, Florida Keys; USA: Louisiana, Texas; Mexico; Mexico: Veracruz, Campeche State, Yucatan State, Campeche Bank, Quintana Roo; Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Bermuda; Virgin Islands: St. Croix; St. Vincent & the Grenadines: Grenada; Surinam, Brazil; Brazil: Ceara, Rio Grande do Norte, Pernambuco, Bahia, Sao Paulo, Parana, Santa Catarina
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© WoRMS for SMEBD

Source: World Register of Marine Species

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

The lunar dovesnail is found along the western Atlantic coast from Nova Scotia to Florida, the Gulf of Mexico, in the Caribbean and as far south as Brazil at depths from 0 to 52 m. In the Indian River Lagoon, the lunar dovesnail mainly occurs in high densities in seagrass beds (Howard 1987).
  • Academy of Natural Sciences Malacolog Version 4.1.0 A Database of Western Atlantic Marine Mollusca. Available online.
  • Brusca RC and GJ Brusca. 1990. Invertebrates. Sinauer Associates, Inc., Sunderland, MA pg. 704.
  • Frick MG, Williams KL, Veljacic D, Pierrard L, Jackson JA, and SE Knight. 2000. Newly documented epibiont species from nesting loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta) in Georgia, USA. Marine Turtle Newsletter 88:3-5.
  • Howard RK 1987. Diel variation in the abundance of epifauna associated with seagrasses of the Indian River, Florida, USA. Marine Biology 96:137-142.
  • ITIS. International Taxonomy Inventory System. Available online.
  • McMahon RF and WD Russell-Hunter. 1977. Temperature relations of aerial and aquatic respiration in six littoral snails in relation to their vertical zonation. Biological Bulletin 152:182-198.
  • Osman RW and RB Whitlach. 1995. Predation on early ontogenetic life stages and its effect on recruitment into a marine epifaunal community. Marine Ecology Progress Series 117:111-126.
  • Osman RW, RB Whitlach, and RJ Malatesta. 1992. Potential role of micro-predators in determining recruitment into a marine community. Marine Ecology Progress Series 83:35-43.
  • Stachowitz JJ and RB Whitlach. 2005. Multiple mutualists provide complementary benefits to their seaweed host. Ecology 89:2418-2427.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© Smithsonian Marine Station at Fort Pierce

Source: Indian River Lagoon Species Inventory

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Physical Description

Size

The maximum reported size for Astyris lunata is 5.8 mm.
  • Academy of Natural Sciences Malacolog Version 4.1.0 A Database of Western Atlantic Marine Mollusca. Available online.
  • Brusca RC and GJ Brusca. 1990. Invertebrates. Sinauer Associates, Inc., Sunderland, MA pg. 704.
  • Frick MG, Williams KL, Veljacic D, Pierrard L, Jackson JA, and SE Knight. 2000. Newly documented epibiont species from nesting loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta) in Georgia, USA. Marine Turtle Newsletter 88:3-5.
  • Howard RK 1987. Diel variation in the abundance of epifauna associated with seagrasses of the Indian River, Florida, USA. Marine Biology 96:137-142.
  • ITIS. International Taxonomy Inventory System. Available online.
  • McMahon RF and WD Russell-Hunter. 1977. Temperature relations of aerial and aquatic respiration in six littoral snails in relation to their vertical zonation. Biological Bulletin 152:182-198.
  • Osman RW and RB Whitlach. 1995. Predation on early ontogenetic life stages and its effect on recruitment into a marine epifaunal community. Marine Ecology Progress Series 117:111-126.
  • Osman RW, RB Whitlach, and RJ Malatesta. 1992. Potential role of micro-predators in determining recruitment into a marine community. Marine Ecology Progress Series 83:35-43.
  • Stachowitz JJ and RB Whitlach. 2005. Multiple mutualists provide complementary benefits to their seaweed host. Ecology 89:2418-2427.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© Smithsonian Marine Station at Fort Pierce

Source: Indian River Lagoon Species Inventory

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Type Information

Syntype for Columbella dissimilis Stimpson, 1854
Catalog Number: USNM 24659
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Dry
Collector(s): W. Stimpson
Locality: Grand Manan, Canada, Bay of Fundy, North Atlantic Ocean
  • Syntype: Proc. Boston Soc. nat. Hist. 4: 114.
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology

Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Ecology

Habitat

Known from seamounts and knolls
  • Stocks, K. 2009. Seamounts Online: an online information system for seamount biology. Version 2009-1. World Wide Web electronic publication.
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© WoRMS for SMEBD

Source: World Register of Marine Species

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

infralittoral of the Gulf and estuary
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© WoRMS for SMEBD

Source: World Register of Marine Species

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Depth range based on 1245 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 371 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): -99 - 1715
  Temperature range (°C): 3.587 - 26.658
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.236 - 19.296
  Salinity (PPS): 32.397 - 37.252
  Oxygen (ml/l): 3.326 - 6.835
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.085 - 1.331
  Silicate (umol/l): 0.756 - 14.354

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): -99 - 1715

Temperature range (°C): 3.587 - 26.658

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.236 - 19.296

Salinity (PPS): 32.397 - 37.252

Oxygen (ml/l): 3.326 - 6.835

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.085 - 1.331

Silicate (umol/l): 0.756 - 14.354
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Trophic Strategy

The lunar dovesnail preys upon encrusting ascidians and byrozoans (Osman et al. 1992, Osman and Whitlatch 1995, Stachowitz and Whitlatch 2005). A study of a population of Astyris (Mitrella) lunata from Long Island Sound suggests that high densities of the lunar dovesnail can influence recruitment and success of larval ascidians (Osman and Whitlatch 1995).
  • Academy of Natural Sciences Malacolog Version 4.1.0 A Database of Western Atlantic Marine Mollusca. Available online.
  • Brusca RC and GJ Brusca. 1990. Invertebrates. Sinauer Associates, Inc., Sunderland, MA pg. 704.
  • Frick MG, Williams KL, Veljacic D, Pierrard L, Jackson JA, and SE Knight. 2000. Newly documented epibiont species from nesting loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta) in Georgia, USA. Marine Turtle Newsletter 88:3-5.
  • Howard RK 1987. Diel variation in the abundance of epifauna associated with seagrasses of the Indian River, Florida, USA. Marine Biology 96:137-142.
  • ITIS. International Taxonomy Inventory System. Available online.
  • McMahon RF and WD Russell-Hunter. 1977. Temperature relations of aerial and aquatic respiration in six littoral snails in relation to their vertical zonation. Biological Bulletin 152:182-198.
  • Osman RW and RB Whitlach. 1995. Predation on early ontogenetic life stages and its effect on recruitment into a marine epifaunal community. Marine Ecology Progress Series 117:111-126.
  • Osman RW, RB Whitlach, and RJ Malatesta. 1992. Potential role of micro-predators in determining recruitment into a marine community. Marine Ecology Progress Series 83:35-43.
  • Stachowitz JJ and RB Whitlach. 2005. Multiple mutualists provide complementary benefits to their seaweed host. Ecology 89:2418-2427.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© Smithsonian Marine Station at Fort Pierce

Source: Indian River Lagoon Species Inventory

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Associations

Astyris lunata is commonly found associated with Anachis lafresnayi on the red alga Chondrus crispus in southern New England (Stachowitz and Whitlatch 2005). These two gastropods appear to keep the surface of C. crispus free from overgrowth by fouling organisms. The lunar dovesnail is also found as an epibiont on loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta) in mats of the green algae Bryopsis plumose occurring on the posterior margins of the turtle carapace (Frick et al. 2000).
  • Academy of Natural Sciences Malacolog Version 4.1.0 A Database of Western Atlantic Marine Mollusca. Available online.
  • Brusca RC and GJ Brusca. 1990. Invertebrates. Sinauer Associates, Inc., Sunderland, MA pg. 704.
  • Frick MG, Williams KL, Veljacic D, Pierrard L, Jackson JA, and SE Knight. 2000. Newly documented epibiont species from nesting loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta) in Georgia, USA. Marine Turtle Newsletter 88:3-5.
  • Howard RK 1987. Diel variation in the abundance of epifauna associated with seagrasses of the Indian River, Florida, USA. Marine Biology 96:137-142.
  • ITIS. International Taxonomy Inventory System. Available online.
  • McMahon RF and WD Russell-Hunter. 1977. Temperature relations of aerial and aquatic respiration in six littoral snails in relation to their vertical zonation. Biological Bulletin 152:182-198.
  • Osman RW and RB Whitlach. 1995. Predation on early ontogenetic life stages and its effect on recruitment into a marine epifaunal community. Marine Ecology Progress Series 117:111-126.
  • Osman RW, RB Whitlach, and RJ Malatesta. 1992. Potential role of micro-predators in determining recruitment into a marine community. Marine Ecology Progress Series 83:35-43.
  • Stachowitz JJ and RB Whitlach. 2005. Multiple mutualists provide complementary benefits to their seaweed host. Ecology 89:2418-2427.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© Smithsonian Marine Station at Fort Pierce

Source: Indian River Lagoon Species Inventory

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Population Biology

The lunar dovesnail usually occurs at high densities when they are present. Locomotion: Strombus gigas moves by a unique shell-thrusting motion called "leaping" (Hesse 1980). The queen conch uses its claw-like operculum to dig into the sand and then "pole" forward by extending the foot (Rupert and Barnes 1994). This is a very different mode of transportation from other gastropods.
  • Academy of Natural Sciences Malacolog Version 4.1.0 A Database of Western Atlantic Marine Mollusca. Available online.
  • Brusca RC and GJ Brusca. 1990. Invertebrates. Sinauer Associates, Inc., Sunderland, MA pg. 704.
  • Frick MG, Williams KL, Veljacic D, Pierrard L, Jackson JA, and SE Knight. 2000. Newly documented epibiont species from nesting loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta) in Georgia, USA. Marine Turtle Newsletter 88:3-5.
  • Howard RK 1987. Diel variation in the abundance of epifauna associated with seagrasses of the Indian River, Florida, USA. Marine Biology 96:137-142.
  • ITIS. International Taxonomy Inventory System. Available online.
  • McMahon RF and WD Russell-Hunter. 1977. Temperature relations of aerial and aquatic respiration in six littoral snails in relation to their vertical zonation. Biological Bulletin 152:182-198.
  • Osman RW and RB Whitlach. 1995. Predation on early ontogenetic life stages and its effect on recruitment into a marine epifaunal community. Marine Ecology Progress Series 117:111-126.
  • Osman RW, RB Whitlach, and RJ Malatesta. 1992. Potential role of micro-predators in determining recruitment into a marine community. Marine Ecology Progress Series 83:35-43.
  • Stachowitz JJ and RB Whitlach. 2005. Multiple mutualists provide complementary benefits to their seaweed host. Ecology 89:2418-2427.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© Smithsonian Marine Station at Fort Pierce

Source: Indian River Lagoon Species Inventory

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Life History and Behavior

Reproduction

Astyris lunata have separate sexes and males have a penis (Brusca and Brusca 1990). Reproduction occurs by copulation. Members of the family Columbellidae lay egg capsules with multiple eggs per capsule.
  • Academy of Natural Sciences Malacolog Version 4.1.0 A Database of Western Atlantic Marine Mollusca. Available online.
  • Brusca RC and GJ Brusca. 1990. Invertebrates. Sinauer Associates, Inc., Sunderland, MA pg. 704.
  • Frick MG, Williams KL, Veljacic D, Pierrard L, Jackson JA, and SE Knight. 2000. Newly documented epibiont species from nesting loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta) in Georgia, USA. Marine Turtle Newsletter 88:3-5.
  • Howard RK 1987. Diel variation in the abundance of epifauna associated with seagrasses of the Indian River, Florida, USA. Marine Biology 96:137-142.
  • ITIS. International Taxonomy Inventory System. Available online.
  • McMahon RF and WD Russell-Hunter. 1977. Temperature relations of aerial and aquatic respiration in six littoral snails in relation to their vertical zonation. Biological Bulletin 152:182-198.
  • Osman RW and RB Whitlach. 1995. Predation on early ontogenetic life stages and its effect on recruitment into a marine epifaunal community. Marine Ecology Progress Series 117:111-126.
  • Osman RW, RB Whitlach, and RJ Malatesta. 1992. Potential role of micro-predators in determining recruitment into a marine community. Marine Ecology Progress Series 83:35-43.
  • Stachowitz JJ and RB Whitlach. 2005. Multiple mutualists provide complementary benefits to their seaweed host. Ecology 89:2418-2427.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© Smithsonian Marine Station at Fort Pierce

Source: Indian River Lagoon Species Inventory

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Growth

There are no specific studies addressing the embryology of the lunar dovesnail. For many species in the family Columbellidae, embryos develop in the egg case and crawling juveniles emerge from the egg capsule.
  • Academy of Natural Sciences Malacolog Version 4.1.0 A Database of Western Atlantic Marine Mollusca. Available online.
  • Brusca RC and GJ Brusca. 1990. Invertebrates. Sinauer Associates, Inc., Sunderland, MA pg. 704.
  • Frick MG, Williams KL, Veljacic D, Pierrard L, Jackson JA, and SE Knight. 2000. Newly documented epibiont species from nesting loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta) in Georgia, USA. Marine Turtle Newsletter 88:3-5.
  • Howard RK 1987. Diel variation in the abundance of epifauna associated with seagrasses of the Indian River, Florida, USA. Marine Biology 96:137-142.
  • ITIS. International Taxonomy Inventory System. Available online.
  • McMahon RF and WD Russell-Hunter. 1977. Temperature relations of aerial and aquatic respiration in six littoral snails in relation to their vertical zonation. Biological Bulletin 152:182-198.
  • Osman RW and RB Whitlach. 1995. Predation on early ontogenetic life stages and its effect on recruitment into a marine epifaunal community. Marine Ecology Progress Series 117:111-126.
  • Osman RW, RB Whitlach, and RJ Malatesta. 1992. Potential role of micro-predators in determining recruitment into a marine community. Marine Ecology Progress Series 83:35-43.
  • Stachowitz JJ and RB Whitlach. 2005. Multiple mutualists provide complementary benefits to their seaweed host. Ecology 89:2418-2427.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© Smithsonian Marine Station at Fort Pierce

Source: Indian River Lagoon Species Inventory

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Wikipedia

Astyris lunata

Astyris lunata is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Columbellidae, the dove snails.[1]

Contents

Description

Distribution

References

  1. ^ a b Astyris lunata (Say, 1826).  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 17 April 2010.
Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Source: Wikipedia

Unreviewed

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Disclaimer

EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!