Overview

Distribution

National Distribution

United States

Origin: Native

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Present

Confidence: Confident

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Global Range: Ranging from central North Carolina west to eastern Tennessee, south to northcentral Alabama, and disjunct in Arkansas (Wealey, 1996).

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Ala., Ark., Ga., N.C., S.C., Tenn.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Description

Shrubs , 7-65 dm; branches robust. Leaves: stipules 2.8-7(-10.2) mm; petioles 3-10(-18) mm. Leaf blade broadly elliptic or somewhat orbiculate to obovate, asymmetric, 2.5-13.5 × 4.2-12.5 cm, base rounded to truncate, rarely cuneate, often oblique, proximal margins entire, distal margins coarsely sinuate to repand, rarely entire, apex short-acuminate to rounded and mucronate; surfaces abaxially glaucous or green, adaxially green, both surfaces stellate-pubescent or nearly glabrous; veins (4-)5-6(-7) pairs. Inflorescences nearly sessile to short-pedunculate, 3-6 × 2-3 cm. Flowers : calyx lobes persistent in fruit; stamens (10-)22-34; filaments 6-17 mm. Fruiting spikes 3.5-7 × 1.5-2.5 cm. Capsules 5.5-13 mm. Seeds 5-6(-8) mm, apex pointed. 2 n = 72.
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Diagnostic Description

Synonym

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Type Information

Isotype for Fothergilla monticola Ashe
Catalog Number: US 327563
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Verified from the card file of type specimens
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): W. W. Ashe
Locality: North Carolina, United States, North America
  • Isotype: Ashe, W. W. 1897. Bot. Gaz. 24: 374.
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Isotype for Fothergilla monticola Ashe
Catalog Number: US 772280
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Verified from the card file of type specimens
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): W. W. Ashe
Locality: North Carolina, United States, North America
  • Isotype: Ashe, W. W. 1897. Bot. Gaz. 24: 374.
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Ecology

Habitat

Comments: Dry ridgetop forests of middle elevation ridges in the mountains, especially along the Blue Ridge Escarpment, summits and upper slopes of Piedmont monadnocks, north-facing bluffs in the lower Piedmont (Weakley, 1996).

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Bluffs, dry rocky woodlands, talus slopes, riverbanks, upper piedmont to mountains; 150-1300m.
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Life History and Behavior

Cyclicity

Flowering/Fruiting

Flowering spring (Apr-May).
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Fothergilla major

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Fothergilla major

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 2
Specimens with Barcodes: 2
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: N3 - Vulnerable

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: G3 - Vulnerable

Reasons: Fothergilla major is rare throughout its range of five southeastern states (disjunct in Arkansas). This taxon does occur in a national protected area in Tennessee and at least two state parks in North Carolina.

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Threats

Comments: Fothergilla major has a somwehat limited range and number of known occurrences, making it vulnerable to land-use conversion, habitat fragmentation, and forest management practices; conversion of natural forests to commercial forest land has probably impacted the species (Southern Appalachian Species Viability Project 2002). Habitat is unsuitable for most uses (Tennessee Element Ranking Form, Edwin Bridges, 1983).

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Wikipedia

Fothergilla major

Fothergilla major (mountain witch alder) is a species of flowering plant in the Hamamelidaceae family, native to woodland and swamps in the Allegheny Mountains of southeastern United States. It is a deciduous shrub growing to 2.5 m (8 ft 2 in) with fragrant white bottlebrush flowers appearing along with, or before, the glossy leaves. The leaves often turn brilliant shades of red and orange in autumn.[1]

This plant is named for John Fothergill (physician). The Latin specific epithet major means "larger".[2] It has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 1405332964. 
  2. ^ Harrison, Lorraine (2012). RHS Latin for gardeners. United Kingdom: Mitchell Beazley. p. 224. ISBN 9781845337315. 
  3. ^ "Fothergilla major AGM". Royal Horticultural Society. Retrieved 27 July 2013. 
  • Flint, Franklin F. (July 1957). "Megasporogenesis and Megagametogenesis in Fothergilla gardeni Murr. and Fothergilla Major Lodd". Transactions of the American Microscopical Society (Blackwell Publishing) 76 (3): 307–311. doi:10.2307/3223894. 


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Notes

Comments

The disjunct occurrence of Fothergilla major in Arkansas is a recent discovery.
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