Regularity: Regularly occurring
Global Range: Appalachian mountain range from New York to Georgia, mostly in the Piedmont province.
Comments: Woods/thickets/rocky slopes/clearings w/ dry/gravelly soil. Found in Appal. Piedmont, sometimes Blue Ridge province.
Life History and Behavior
National NatureServe Conservation Status
Rounded National Status Rank: NNR - Unranked
NatureServe Conservation Status
Rounded Global Status Rank: G4 - Apparently Secure
Reasons: Fairly common in eastern North America from NY to GA. Many EOs in VA and SC.
Comments: Highly threatened by succession, and to a lesser extent by forest management practices (Southern Appalachian Species Viability Project 2002).
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