The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 1996. database, NODC Taxonomic Code
  • 1996. database, The PLANTS Database
  • 2000. database, The PLANTS Database
  • Anonymous. 1986. List-Based Rec., Soil Conserv. Serv., U.S.D.A. Database of the U.S.D.A., Beltsville.
  • Balick, M. J., M. H. Nee & D.E. Atha. 2000. Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 85: i–ix, 1–246.
  • Berendsohn, W.G., A. K. Gruber & J. A. Monterrosa Salomón. 2009. Nova Silva Cuscatlanica. Árboles nativos e introducidos de El Salvador. Parte 1: Angiospermae - Familias A a L. Englera 29(1): 1–438.
  • Breedlove, D.E. 1986. Flora de Chiapas. Listados Floríst. México 4: i–v, 1–246.
  • CONABIO. 2009. Catálogo taxonómico de especies de México. 1. In Capital Nat. México. CONABIO, Mexico City.
  • Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Man. Vasc. Pl. Texas i–xv, 1–1881. The University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson.
  • Fernald, M. 1950. Manual (ed. 8) i–lxiv, 1–1632. American Book Co., New York.
  • Gleason, H. A. & A.J. Cronquist. 1991. Man. Vasc. Pl. N.E. U.S. (ed. 2) i–910. New York Botanical Garden, Bronx.
  • Godfrey, R. K. & J. W. Wooten. 1981. Aquatic Wetland Pl. S.E. U.S. Dicot. 1–944. Univ. Georgia Press, Athens.
  • Linares, J. L. 2003 [2005]. Listado comentado de los árboles nativos y cultivados en la república de El Salvador. Ceiba 44(2): 105–268.
  • Long, R. W. & O. K. Lakela. 1971. Fl. Trop. Florida i–xvii, 1–962. University of Miami Press, Coral Cables.
  • Marticorena C & R Rodríguez . 1995-2005. Flora de Chile. Vols 1, 2(1-3). Ed. Universidad de Concepción, Concepción. 351 pp., 99 pp., 93 pp., 128 pp. Matthei O. 1995. Manual de las malezas que crecen en Chile. Alfabeta Impresores. 545 p.
  • Molina Rosito, A. 1975. Enumeración de las plantas de Honduras. Ceiba 19(1): 1–118.
  • Nelson, C. H. 2008. Cat. Pl. Vasc. Honduras 1–1576.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2015). ITIS Regional: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Dec 2014). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Radford, A. E., H. E. Ahles & C. R. Bell. 1968. Man. Vasc. Fl. Carolinas i–lxi, 1–1183. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill.
  • Saxifragales of North America Update
  • Small, J. K. 1933. Man. S.E. Fl. i–xxii, 1–1554. Published by the Author, New York.
  • Species Plantarum 2: 999. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.)
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946. Hamamelidaceae. In Standley, P.C. & Steyermark, J.A. (Eds), Flora of Guatemal a - Part IV. Fieldiana, Bot. 24(4): 426–430.
  • Stevens, W. D., C. Ulloa Ulloa, A. Pool & O. M. Montiel. 2001. Flora de Nicaragua. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85: i–xlii,.
  • Thornhill, Robert, Krings, Alexander, Lindbo, David, Stucky, Jon (2014): Guide to the Vascular Flora of the Savannas and Flatwoods of Shaken Creek Preserve and Vicinity (Pender & Onslow Counties, North Carolina, U. S. A.). Biodiversity Data Journal 2, 1099: 1099-1099, URL:
  • Wunderlin, R. P. 1998. Guide Vasc. Pl. Florida i–x, 1–806. University Press of Florida, Gainesville.
    1. Baker, Whiteford L. 1972. Eastern forest insects. U.S.  Department of Agriculture, Miscellaneous Publication 1175.  Washington, DC. 642 p.
    3. Belanger, R. P., and R. G. McAlpine. 1975. Survival and  early growth of planted sweetgum related to root-collar  diameter. Tree Planters'Notes 26:1, 21.
    5. Berry, C. R. 1981. Sewage sludge aids reclamation of  disturbed forest land in the Southeast. p. 307-316. In  Proceedings, Utilization of Municipal Waste Water and  Sludge for Land Reclamation and Biomass Production,  September 1980, Pittsburgh, PA. Environmental Protection  Agency, Washington, DC.
    7. DeBell, D. S., 0. G. Langdon, and J. Stubbs. 1968.  Reproducing mixed hardwoods by a seed-tree cutting in the  Carolina Coastal Plain. Southern Lumberman 217:121-123. 
    9. Ebel, B. H., and P. P. Kormanik. Stictocephala  militaris, a membracid (Homoptera) associated with  sweetgum, Liquidambar styraciflua. Annals of the  Entomological Society of America 59:600-601.
    11. Eyre, F. H., ed. 1980. Forest cover types of the United  States and Canada. Society of American Foresters,  Washington, DC. 148 p.
    13. Hook, D. D., P. P. Kormanik, and C. L. Brown. 1970. Early  development of sweetgum root sprouts in Coastal South  Carolina. USDA Forest Service, Research Paper SE-62.  Southeastern Forest Experiment Station, Asheville, NC. 6 p. 
    15. Hepting, George H. 1971. Diseases of forest and shade trees  of the United States. U.S. Department of Agriculture,  Agriculture Handbook 386. Washington, DC. 658 p.
    17. Kormanik, P. P. 1980. Effects of nursery practices on VA  mycorrhizal development and hardwood seedling production.  In Proceedings, Southern Nursery Conference,  September 1980, Lake Barkley, KY. p. 63-67. Kentucky  Division of Forestry and USDA Forest Service, Southeastern  Area, State and Private Forestry, Atlanta, GA.
    19. Kormanik, P. P. 1986. Lateral root morphology as an  expression of sweetgum seedling quality. Forest Science  32:595-604.
    21. Kormanik, P. P., and C. L. Brown. 1967. Root buds and the  development of root suckers in sweetgum. Forest Science  13:338-345.
    23. Kormanik, P. P., and C. L. Brown. 1969. Origin and  development of epicormic branches in sweetgum. USDA Forest  Service, Research Paper SE-54. Southeastern Forest  Experiment Station, Asheville, NC. 17 p.
    25. Kormanik, P. P., W. C. Bryan, and R. C. Schultz. 1977.  Influence of endomycorrhizae on growth of sweetgum seedlings  from eight mother trees. Forest Science 23:500-509.
    27. Kormanik, P. P., W. C. Bryan, and R. C. Schultz. 1977.  Quality hardwood seedlings require early mycorrhizal  development in nursery beds. Proceedings, Fourteenth  Southeastern Forest Tree Improvement Conference. p. 289-293. 
    29. Kormanik, P. P., W. C. Bryan, and R. C. Schultz. 1981.  Effects of three vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on  sweetgum seedlings from nine mother trees. Forest Science  27:327-335.
    31. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. 1965.  Silvics of forest trees of the United States. H. A. Fowells,  comp. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook  271. Washington, DC. 762 p.
    33. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. 1974. Seeds  of woody plants in the United States. C. S. Schopmeyer,  tech. coord. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agriculture  Handbook 450. Washington, DC. 883 p.
    35. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. 1974. Wood  handbook: wood as an engineering material. p. 1-12. U.S.  Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook 72, rev.  Washington, DC.
    37. Walters, D. T., and A. R. Gilmore. 1976. Allelopathic  effects of fescue on the growth of sweetgum. Journal of  Chemical Ecology 2:469-479.


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