The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • 11.  Bormann, F. H.; Buell, M. F. 1964. Old-age stand of hemlock-northern        hardwood forest in central Vermont. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical        Club. 91(6): 451-465.  [8856]
  • 13.  Corns, I. G. W.; Annas, R. M. 1986. Field guide to forest ecosystems of        west-central Alberta. Edmonton, AB: Canadian Forestry Service, Northern        Forestry Centre. 251 p.  [8998]
  • 14.  Crane, M. F.; Habeck, James R.; Fischer, William C. 1983. Early postfire        revegetation in a western Montana Douglas-fir forest. Res. Pap. INT-319.        Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain        Forest and Range Experiment Station. 29 p. plus chart.  [710]
  • 15.  Curtis, John T. 1959. The vegetation of Wisconsin. Madison, WI: The        University of Wisconsin Press. 657 p.  [7116]
  • 16.  Dansereau, Pierre. 1959. The principal plant associations of the Saint        Lawrence Valley. No. 75. Montreal, Canada: Contrib. Inst. Bot. Univ.        Montreal. 147 p.  [8925]
  • 17.  Daubenmire, Rexford F. 1936. The "big woods" of Minnesota: its        structure, and relation to climate, fire, and soils. Ecological        Monographs. 6(2): 233-268.  [2697]
  • 18.  Daubenmire, Rexford. 1978. Plant geography--with special reference to        North America. Physiological Ecology. New York: Academic Press. 338 p.        [8949]
  • 19.  Daubenmire, Rexford F.; Daubenmire, Jean B. 1968. Forest vegetation of        eastern Washington and northern Idaho. Technical Bulletin 60. Pullman,        WA: Washington State University, Agricultural Experiment Station. 104 p.        [749]
  • 1996. database, The PLANTS Database
  • 1996. database, NODC Taxonomic Code
  • 20.  Dayton, William A. 1960. Notes on western range forbs: Equisetaceae        through Fumariaceae. Agric. Handb. 161. Washington, DC: U.S. Department        of Agriculture, Forest Service. 254 p.  [767]
  • 2000. database, The PLANTS Database
  • 21.  Dittberner, Phillip L.; Olson, Michael R. 1983. The plant information        network (PIN) data base: Colorado, Montana, North Dakota, Utah, and        Wyoming. FWS/OBS-83/86. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of the Interior,        Fish and Wildlife Service. 786 p.  [806]
  • 22.  Dye, A. J.; Moir, W. H. 1977. Spruce-fir forest at its southern        distribution in the Rocky Mountains, New Mexico. American Midland        Naturalist. 97(1): 133-146.  [7476]
  • 23.  Emmingham, W. H. 1972. Conifer growth and plant distribution under        different light environments in the Siskiyou Mountains of southwestern        Oregon. Corvallis, OR: Oregon State University. 50 p. Thesis.  [9651]
  • 24.  Everett, Percy C. 1957. A summary of the culture of California plants at        the Rancho Santa Ana Botanic Garden 1927-1950. Claremont, CA: The Rancho        Santa Ana Botanic Garden. 223 p.  [7191]
  • 26.  Fechner, Gilbert H. 1985. Silvical characteristics of blue spruce. Gen.        Tech. Rep. RM-117. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture,        Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. 19        p.  [7478]
  • 27.  Fernald, Merritt Lyndon. 1950. Gray's manual of botany. [Corrections        supplied by R. C. Rollins]
  • 28.  Franklin, Jerry F.; Dyrness, C. T. 1973. Natural vegetation of Oregon        and Washington. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-8. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of        Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Forest and Range        Experiment Station. 417 p.  [961]
  • 29.  Freedman, June D. 1983. The historical relationship between fire and        plant succession within the Swan Valley white-tailed deer winter range,        western Montana. Missoula, MT: University of Montana. 139 p.        Dissertation.  [6486]
  • 30.  Freedman, June D.; Habeck, James R. 1985. Fire, logging, and        white-tailed deer interrelationships in the Swan Valley, northwestern        Montana. In: Lotan, James E.; Brown, James K., compilers. Fire's effects        on wildlife habitat--symposium proceedings; 1984 March 21; Missoula, MT.        Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-186. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture,        Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station: 23-35.  [8319]
  • 32.  Great Plains Flora Association. 1986. Flora of the Great Plains.        Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas. 1392 p.  [1603]
  • 33.  Hamilton, Evelyn H.; Yearsley, H. Karen. 1988. Vegetation development        after clearcutting and site preparation in the SBS zone. Economic and        Regional Development Agreement: FRDA Report 018. Victoria, BC: Canadian        Forestry Service, Pacific Forestry Centre; British Columbia Ministry of        Forests and Lands. 66 p.  [8760]
  • 34.  Hansen, H. L.; Krefting, L. W.; Kurmis, V. 1973. The forest of Isle        Royale in relation to fire history and wildlife. Tech. Bull. 294;        Forestry Series 13. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota,        Agricultural Experiment Station. 44 p.  [8120]
  • 35.  Hansen, Paul; Pfister, Robert; Boggs, Keith; [and others]
  • 36.  Harcombe, Andrew; Pendergast, Bruce; Petch, Bruce; Janz, Doug. 1983. Elk        Habitat management: Salmon River Valley. MOE Working Report 1. 83-05-10.        Victoria, BC: Ministry of the Environment. 83 p.  [9984]
  • 37.  Harrington, H. D. 1964. Manual of the plants of Colorado. 2d ed.        Chicago: The Swallow Press Inc. 666 p.  [6851]
  • 38.  Hitchcock, C. Leo; Cronquist, Arthur. 1964. Vascular plants of the        Pacific Northwest. Part 2: Salicaceae to Saxifragaceae. Seattle, WA:        University of Washington Press. 597 p.  [1166]
  • 4.  Aller, Alvin R. 1956. A taxonomic and ecological study of the flora of        Monument Peak, Oregon. American Midland Naturalist. 56(2): 454-472.        [6385]
  • 40.  Kartesz, John T.; Kartesz, Rosemarie. 1980. A synonymized checklist of        the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. Volume        II: The biota of North America. Chapel Hill, NC: The University of North        Carolina Press; in confederation with Anne H. Lindsey and C. Richie        Bell, North Carolina Botanical Garden. 500 p.  [6954]
  • 42.  Keller, Marilyn Crane. 1980. Post-fire recovery within ravine forest        communities of Pattee Canyon, Missoula, Montana. Missoula, MT:        University of Montana. 136 p. Thesis.  [6725]
  • 43.  Kruckeberg, A. R. 1982. Gardening with native plants of the Pacific        Northwest. Seattle: University of Washington Press. 252 p.  [9980]
  • 44.  Kruckeberg, A. R. 1982. Gardening with native plants of the Pacific        Northwest. Seattle: University of Washington Press. 252 p.  [9980]
  • 46.  Kufeld, Roland C. 1973. Foods eaten by the Rocky Mountain elk. Journal        of Range Management. 26(2): 106-113.  [1385]
  • 47.  Kufeld, Roland C.; Wallmo, O. C.; Feddema, Charles. 1973. Foods of the        Rocky Mountain mule deer. Res. Pap. RM-111. Fort Collins, CO: U.S.        Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and        Range Experiment Station. 31 p.  [1387]
  • 48.  Layser, Earle F. 1980. Flora of Pend Oreille County, Washington.        Pullman, WA: Washington State University, Cooperative Extension; 1980.        146 p.  [1427]
  • 5.  Argus, George W. 1966. Botanical investigations in northeastern        Saskatchewan: the subarctic Patterson-Hasbala Lakes region. Canadian        Field-Naturalist. 80(3): 119-143.  [8406]
  • 50.  Martin, Alexander C.; Zim, Herbert S.; Nelson, Arnold L. 1951. American        wildlife and plants. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc. 500 p.        [4021]
  • 51.  Mauk, Ronald L.; Henderson, Jan A. 1984. Coniferous forest habitat types        of northern Utah. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-170. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of        Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment        Station. 89 p.  [1553]
  • 52.  Minore, Don. 1972. A classification of forest environments in the South        Umpqua Basin. Res. Pap. PNW-129. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of        Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Forest and Range        Experiment Station. 28 p.  [1660]
  • 53.  Moss, E. H. 1955. The vegetation of Alberta. Botanical Review. 21(9):        493-567.  [6878]
  • 54.  Moss, E. H. 1959. Flora of Alberta. Toronto: University of Toronto        Press. 546 p.  [8948]
  • 55.  Mueggler, W. F. 1961. Ecology of seral shrub communities in the        cedar-hemlock zone of northern Idaho. Durham, NC: Duke University. 126        p. Thesis.  [9981]
  • 56.  Mueggler, Walter F. 1965. Ecology of seral shrub communities in the        cedar-hemlock zone of northern Idaho. Ecological Monographs. 35:        165-185.  [4016]
  • 57.  Munz, Philip A. 1973. A California flora and supplement. Berkeley, CA:        University of California Press. 1905 p.  [6155]
  • 58.  Patterson, Patricia A.; Neiman, Kenneth E.; Tonn, Jonalea. 1985. Field        guide to forest plants of northern Idaho. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-180.        Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain        Research Station. 246 p.  [1839]
  • 59.  Pellmyr, Olle. 1985. The pollination biology of Actaea pachypoda and A.        rubra (including A. erythrocarpa) in northern Michigan and Finland.        Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club. 112(3): 265-273.  [10393]
  • 6.  Atzet, Thomas. 1979. Description and classification of the forests of        the upper Illinois River drainage of southwestern Oregon. Corvallis, OR:        Oregon State University. 211 p. Dissertation.  [6452]
  • 60.  Pfister, Robert D.; Kovalchik, Bernard L.; Arno, Stephen F.; Presby,        Richard C. 1977. Forest habitat types of Montana. Gen. Tech. Rep.        INT-34. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service,        Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. 174 p.  [1878]
  • 61.  Piper, Jon K. 1986. Germination and growth of bird-dispersed plants:        effects of seed size and light on seedling vigor and biomass allocation.        American Journal of Botany. 73(7): 959-965.  [5033]
  • 62.  Pojar, J.; Trowbridge, R.; Coates, D. 1984. Ecosystem classification and        interpretation of the sub-boreal spruce zone, Prince Rupert Forest        Region, British Columbia. Land Management Report No. 17. Victoria, BC:        Province of British Columbia, Ministry of Forests. 319 p.  [6929]
  • 64.  Reed, John F. 1952. The vegetation of the Jackson Hole Wildlife Park,        Wyoming. American Midland Naturalist. 48(3): 700-729.  [1949]
  • 66.  Severson, Kieth E.; Thilenius, John F. 1976. Classification of quaking        aspen stands in the Black Hills and Bear Lodge Mountains. Res. Pap.        RM-166. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest        Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. 24 p.        [2111]
  • 67.  Seymour, Frank Conkling. 1982. The flora of New England. 2d ed.        Phytologia Memoirs 5. Plainfield, NJ: Harold N. Moldenke and Alma L.        Moldenke. 611 p.  [7604]
  • 68.  Smith, Justin G. 1952. Food habits of mule deer in Utah. Journal of        Wildlife Management. 16(2): 148-154.  [2174]
  • 69.  Stallard, Harvey. 1929. Secondary succession in the climax forest        formations of northern Minnesota. Ecology. 10(4): 476-547.  [3808]
  • 7.  Bacon, A. E. 1903. An experiment with the fruit of red baneberry.        Rhodora - Journal of the New England Botanical Club. 5(51): 77-79.        [10394]
  • 70.  Steele, Robert; Cooper, Stephen V.; Ondov, David M.; [and others]
  • 71.  Steele, Robert; Geier-Hayes, Kathleen. 1987. The grand fir/blue        huckleberry habitat type in central Idaho: succession and management.        Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-228. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture,        Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station. 66 p.  [8133]
  • 72.  Stephens, H. A. 1980. Poisonous plants of the central United States.        Lawrence, KS: The Regents Press of Kansas. 165 p.  [3803]
  • 73.  Taylor, Alan R. 1964. Lightning damage to forest trees in Montana.        Weatherwise. 17(2): 60-65.  [7273]
  • 74.  Taylor, R. F. 1932. The successional trend and its relation to        second-growth forests in southeastern Alaska. Ecology. 13(4): 381-391.        [10007]
  • 75.  Topik, Christopher; Halverson, Nancy M.; Brockway, Dale G. 1986. Plant        association and management guide for the western hemlock zone: Gifford        Pichot National Forest. R6-ECOL-230A. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of        Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Region. 132 p.  [2351]
  • 76.  Topik, Christopher; Hemstrom, Miles A., compilers. 1982. Guide to common        forest-zone plants: Willamette, Mt. Hood, and Siuslaw National Forests.        Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific        Northwest Region. 95 p.  [3234]
  • 77.  Waring, R. H.; Major, J. 1964. Some vegetation of the California coastal        redwood region in relation to gradients of moisture, nutrients, light,        and temperature. Ecological Monographs. 34: 167-215.  [8924]
  • 78.  Weaver, J. E. 1917. A study of the vegetation of southeastern Washington        and adjacent Idaho. Nebraska University Studies. 17(1): 1-133.  [7153]
  • 79.  Welsh, Stanley L.; Atwood, N. Duane; Goodrich, Sherel; Higgins, Larry        C., eds. 1987. A Utah flora. Great Basin Naturalist Memoir No. 9. Provo,        UT: Brigham Young University. 894 p.  [2944]
  • 8.  Baker, William L. 1989. Classification of the riparian vegetation of the        montane and subalpine zones in western Colorado. Great Basin Naturalist.        49(2): 214-228.  [7985]
  • 80.  Whittaker, R. H. 1960. Vegetation of the Siskiyou Mountains, Oregon and        California. Ecological Monographs. 30(3): 279-338.  [6836]
  • 81.  Willson, M. F. 1983. Natural history of Actaea rubra: fruit dimorphism        and fruit/seed predation. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club. 110(3):        298-303.  [10320]
  • 82.  Young, Vernon A.; Robinette, W. Leslie. 1939. A study of the range        habits of elk on the Selway Game Preserve. Bull. No. 9. Moscow, ID:        University of Idaho, School of Forestry. 47 p.  [6831]
  • 83.  Youngblood, Andrew P.; Padgett, Wayne G.; Winward, Alma H. 1985.        Riparian community type classification of eastern Idaho - western        Wyoming. R4-Ecol-85-01. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture,        Forest Service, Intermountain Region. 78 p.  [2686]
  • 84.  Youngblood, Andrew P.; Padgett, Wayne G.; Winward, Alma H. 1985.        Riparian community type classification of northern Utah and adjacent        Idaho. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service,        Intermountain Region, Ecology and Classification Program. 104 p.        [Preliminary draft]
  • 85.  Zamora, Benjamin Abel. 1975. Secondary succession on broadcast-burned        clearcuts of the Abies grandis - Pachistima myrsinites habitat type in        northcentral Idaho. Pullman, WA: Washington State University. 127 p.        Dissertation.  [5154]
  • 86.  Aiken, George D. 1968. Pioneering with Wildflowers. Englewood Cliffs:        Prentice-Hall, Inc. 208 p.  [10577]
  • 87.  Sperka, Marie. 1973. Growing wildflowers: A gardener's guide. New York:        Harper & Row. 277 p.  [10578]
  • 88.  Turner, N. J. 1984. Counter-irritant and other medicinal uses of plants        in Ranunculaceae by native peoples in British Columbia and neighbouring        areas. Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 11: 181-201.  [10579]
  • 9.  Bakuzis, E. V; Hansen, H. L. 1962. Ecographs of herb species of        Minnesota forest communities. Minnesota Forestry Notes. 118: 1-2.        [10317]
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