Sometimes taxonomists create new names for groups that already have a name. They may do this because they are unaware of the original name, or they may think the organism before them belongs to a different group when in fact it does not. If two or more names are found to apply to the same group, they are considered synonyms. In most cases, the first name takes priority and is considered to be the valid or accepted name. However, there can be exceptions, and it's not always easy to determine which of a series of synonyms should be considered valid or accepted. Here we list the synonyms provided to EOL by our classification partners. We also include other versions of the name that most likely refer to the same group, for example, misspellings in the literature or different variations of the authorship associated with the name.

Preferred marks the preferred name from each source.

IUCN Red List

Name Relationship
Ficus carica L. Preferred
Caprificus insectifera Gasp. Synonym
Caprificus leucocarpa Gasp.
Caprificus oblongata Gasp.
Caprificus pedunculata (Miq.) Gasp.
Caprificus rugosa (Miq.) Gasp.
Caprificus sphaerocarpa Gasp.
Ficus albescens Miq.
Ficus caprificus Risso
Ficus carica var. caprificus Risso
Ficus carica var. domestica Czern. & Rav.
Ficus colchica Grossh.
Ficus hyrcana Grossh.
Ficus leucocarpa Gasp.
Ficus macrocarpa Gasp.
Ficus pachycarpa Gasp.
Ficus pedunculata Miq.
Ficus praecox Gasp.
Ficus regina Miq.
Ficus silvestris Risso
Ficus burdigalensis Poit. & Turpin
Ficus carica var. riparium Hausskn.
Ficus colombra Gasp.
Ficus communis Lam.
Ficus deliciosa Gasp.
Ficus dottata Gasp.
Ficus globosa Miq.
Ficus hypoleuca Gasp.
Ficus kopetdagensis Pachom.
Ficus latifolia Salisb.
Ficus neapolitana Miq.
Ficus polymorpha Gasp.
Ficus rugosa Miq.

India Biodiversity Portal Species Data

Name Relationship
Ficus carica Preferred
Ficus carica L.

NCBI Taxonomy

Name Relationship
Ficus carica Preferred
Ficus carica L.


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