Overview

Distribution

Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Fothergilla parvifolia Kearney:
United States (North America)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Fothergilla gardenii L.:
United States (North America)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Ala., Fla., Ga., N.C., S.C.
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National Distribution

United States

Origin: Unknown/Undetermined

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

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Global Range: Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plains, from southeastern North Carolina and eastern South Carolina to southern Alabama and the western Florida Panhandle. It is most rare in Georgia, Florida and Alabama where it has a highly disjunct range (EO data in the NatureServe central database as of November 2012, Flora of North America Editorial Committee 1997).

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Physical Description

Morphology

Description

Shrubs , 3-10(-20) dm; branches slender. Leaves: stipules 1.5-4(-6.1) mm; petioles 3-8(-12) mm. Leaf blade elliptic-oblong, obovate, or somewhat orbiculate, symmetric, 1.9-6 × 1.3-4.5 cm, base rounded to truncate, rarely oblique, proximal margins entire, distal margins dentate and mucronate-toothed or entire, apex acute to obtuse or rounded; surfaces abaxially glaucous or green, adaxially green, both surfaces stellate-pubescent; veins 4-5 pairs. Inflorescences sessile or short-pedunculate, 1.5-4.2 × 1.5-3.5 cm. Flowers : calyx lobes obsolete in fruit; stamens 12-24; filaments 4-12 mm. Fruiting spikes 2.3-4.3 × 1.5-2 cm. Capsules 6-12 mm. Seeds 4-6 mm, apex blunt. 2 n = 48.
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Diagnostic Description

At the base of the leaf, near the petiole, the base of the lateral veins is marginal in Fothergilla, and included in leaf tissue in Hamamelis. The leaves are stellate-pubescent above, up to 6 cm long and 5 cm wide (Weakley 2012).

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Synonym

Fothergilla carolina (Linnaeus) Britton; F. parvifolia Kearney
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Ecology

Habitat

Comments: Wet edges of baygalls, shrub swamps, pocosins, Carolina bays, Atlantic white cedar forests, pitcher plant bogs, and wet savannas and flatwoods (Chafin 2000, Chafin et al. 2007).

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Sandy pine woods, sphagnum swamps and bogs, Atlantic and Gulf coastal plains; 0-185m.
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Population Biology

Number of Occurrences

Note: For many non-migratory species, occurrences are roughly equivalent to populations.

Estimated Number of Occurrences: 81 to >300

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Life History and Behavior

Cyclicity

Flowering/Fruiting

Flowering spring (Mar-May).
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Fothergilla gardenii

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Fothergilla gardenii

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 1
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNR - Unranked

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: G3 - Vulnerable

Reasons: Low number of populations, lack of formal protection, vulnerability of habitat to degradation.

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Global Short Term Trend: Decline of 10-30%

Comments: Lack of prescribed fire and conversion of wetlands for intensive silviculture (e.g. minor drainage, ditches, etc.) are the greatest threats (Chafin 2000), and portend further declines of this unusual shrub.

Global Long Term Trend: Decline of 30-50%

Comments: This shrub is a component of wetland ecotones and part of the longleaf pine ecosystem, which has declined substatially over the long-term.

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Threats

Degree of Threat: Medium - low

Comments: Lack of prescribed fire is a threat to populations. Drainage or changes to the natural hydrology of the site are threats (i.e. bedding or minor drainage for pine reforestation ).

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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Risks

Stewardship Overview: Allow prescribed fire to burn into wetlands; avoid placing firebreaks or roads in wetland ecotones (Chafin et al. 2007). Avoid changes in hydrology and upland land use that affect seepage flow into bogs and baygalls (Chafin 2000).

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Wikipedia

Fothergilla gardenii

Fothergilla gardenii (Dwarf Fothergilla or Dwarf Witchalder) is a flowering plant in the Hamamelidaceae family.

References

  • Thomas G. Ranney and Nathan P. Lynch, Clarifying Taxonomy and Nomenclature of Fothergilla (Hamamelidaceae) Cultivars and Hybrids, HORTSCIENCE 42(3):470–473. 2007.
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Notes

Comments

Nomenclaturally Fothergilla alnifolia Linnaeus f. is illegitimate.
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