Fothergilla gardenii L.
Margins of wet pine flatwoods (WPF-T) and pocosins.
Infrequent. Mar–May ; Sep–Oct . Thornhill 1273 (NCSC). Specimens seen in the vicinity: Sandy Run [Patterson]: Taggart SARU 51 (WNC!). [= RAB, FNA, Weakley]
Regularity: Regularly occurring
Global Range: Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plains, from southeastern North Carolina and eastern South Carolina to southern Alabama and the western Florida Panhandle. It is most rare in Georgia, Florida and Alabama where it has a highly disjunct range (EO data in the NatureServe central database as of November 2012, Flora of North America Editorial Committee 1997).
At the base of the leaf, near the petiole, the base of the lateral veins is marginal in Fothergilla, and included in leaf tissue in Hamamelis. The leaves are stellate-pubescent above, up to 6 cm long and 5 cm wide (Weakley 2012).
Comments: Wet edges of baygalls, shrub swamps, pocosins, Carolina bays, Atlantic white cedar forests, pitcher plant bogs, and wet savannas and flatwoods (Chafin 2000, Chafin et al. 2007).
Number of Occurrences
Note: For many non-migratory species, occurrences are roughly equivalent to populations.
Estimated Number of Occurrences: 81 to >300
Life History and Behavior
Molecular Biology and Genetics
Barcode data: Fothergilla gardenii
Statistics of barcoding coverage: Fothergilla gardenii
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 1
Species With Barcodes: 1
National NatureServe Conservation Status
Rounded National Status Rank: NNR - Unranked
NatureServe Conservation Status
Rounded Global Status Rank: G3 - Vulnerable
Reasons: Low number of populations, lack of formal protection, vulnerability of habitat to degradation.
Global Short Term Trend: Decline of 10-30%
Comments: Lack of prescribed fire and conversion of wetlands for intensive silviculture (e.g. minor drainage, ditches, etc.) are the greatest threats (Chafin 2000), and portend further declines of this unusual shrub.
Global Long Term Trend: Decline of 30-50%
Comments: This shrub is a component of wetland ecotones and part of the longleaf pine ecosystem, which has declined substatially over the long-term.
Degree of Threat: Medium - low
Comments: Lack of prescribed fire is a threat to populations. Drainage or changes to the natural hydrology of the site are threats (i.e. bedding or minor drainage for pine reforestation ).
Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems
Stewardship Overview: Allow prescribed fire to burn into wetlands; avoid placing firebreaks or roads in wetland ecotones (Chafin et al. 2007). Avoid changes in hydrology and upland land use that affect seepage flow into bogs and baygalls (Chafin 2000).
Fothergilla gardenii (Dwarf Fothergilla or Dwarf Witchalder) is a flowering plant in the Hamamelidaceae family.
- Thomas G. Ranney and Nathan P. Lynch, Clarifying Taxonomy and Nomenclature of Fothergilla (Hamamelidaceae) Cultivars and Hybrids, HORTSCIENCE 42(3):470–473. 2007.
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