Overview

Brief Summary

Introduction

G. hippocrepium was described from a single, small individual which was "sadly mutilated" by the time it was described. However, the color drawings were made on the freshly captured animal. Nevertheless, many features of this species are unknown and a redescription based on new material is badly needed.

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Comprehensive Description

Characteristics

  1. Arms and web
    1. Web attaches to ventral margin of arm to somewhat over half of the arm length; attachment to dorsal margin unknown due to damage.
    2. Single web nodule present at distal point of attachment of web to ventral arm margin. This occurs opposite about sucker number 25.
    3. Figure. Portion of arm III showing web nodule on ventral margin of arm. Drawing from Hoyle, 1904.

    4. Arm suckers number over 50 (distal 5-10 mm missing).
    5. First cirri begin between suckers 4 and 5.

  2. Shell
    1. "Horseshoe-shaped", smooth surface with no "characteristic markings or prominences."

    Figure. The shell of G. hippocrepium. Left - Lateral-oblique view of shell. Right - Dorsal view of the body showing the position of the shell and one fin. Drawings from Hoyle, 1904.

  3. Measurements
    • Total length - ca. 80 mm.
    • End of body to mantle margin - 23 mm.
    • Width of body - 20 mm.
    • Width of head - 22 mm.
    • Length of fin - 28 mm.
    • Width of fin at origin - 13 mm.
    • Diameter of largest sucker - 1.2 mm.
    • Arm I: Right - 80,; Left - 90,.
    • Arm II: Right - 75,; Left - 85,.
    • Arm III: Right - 70,; Left - 85,.
    • Arm IV: Right - 65,; Left - 75,.

Comments

The above description was taken from Hoyle (1904). Hoyle gave few characters of specific value in his original description. Voss and Pearcy (1990) state that the type is in poor condition and little can be learned from it. However they did not declare G. hippocrepium a nomen dubium.

Among Pacific species, G. hippocrepium differs from:

  • G. abyssicola by, possibly, the sucker number at the web nodule (25 vs 33) and non-lobelike wings on the shell.
  • G. bathynectes by no clear characters other than locality.
  • G. innominata in having no median ridge on the outer surface of the shell saddle, a shell without shoulder blades or expanded wings.
  • G. meangensis in having a shell without shoulder blades.
  • G. pacifica by no clear characters other than locality.
  • G. tuftsi in having no transverse groove on the external surface of the shell saddle and no shell shoulder blades.

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Distribution

The type locality is southwest of Malpelo Island, eastern tropical Pacific Ocean, at 02°35'N, 83°53'W.

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Physical Description

Type Information

Holotype for Stauroteuthis hippocrepium Hoyle, 1904
Catalog Number: USNM 382467
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Isopropyl Alcohol
Year Collected: 1891
Locality: Malpelo Island, SW Of, Colombia, North Pacific Ocean
Depth (m): 3334 to 3334
Vessel: Albatross R/V
  • Holotype: Hoyle, W. 1904. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 43(1): 6-7, pls. 1-3.
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology

Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Ecology

Habitat

abyssal
  • UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© WoRMS for SMEBD

Source: World Register of Marine Species

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Depth range based on 1 specimen in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 1 sample.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 3334 - 3334
  Temperature range (°C): 2.068 - 2.068
  Nitrate (umol/L): 39.524 - 39.524
  Salinity (PPS): 34.674 - 34.674
  Oxygen (ml/l): 2.655 - 2.655
  Phosphate (umol/l): 2.819 - 2.819
  Silicate (umol/l): 149.796 - 149.796
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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