Overview

Distribution

National Distribution

Canada

Origin: Unknown/Undetermined

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

United States

Origin: Unknown/Undetermined

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

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Physical Description

Morphology

Description

Plants maritime, glabrous; rhizomes spreading. Stems simple or branched, 5-25(-50) cm. Leaf blades usually long-elliptic to ovate, sometimes lanceolate to oblanceolate, obovate, or broadly elliptic, 4-46 × 0.5-20 mm, succulent, margins often crenulate, apex acute to acuminate or apiculate. Pedicels 2-10(-26) mm. Flowers strongly honey-scented; sepals ovate, 3.5-7 mm; petals spatulate to narrowly oblanceolate, abruptly constricted toward base, 2.5-6 mm in staminate flowers, 0.8-2 mm in pistillate flowers; filaments 2.5-5 mm in staminate flowers; anthers 0.5-0.7 mm, 0.5-0.8 mm in pistillate flowers. Capsules ovoid to subglobose, 5-10 × (4.5-)5-12 mm, fleshy or chartaceous. Seeds 2-4 mm, rugulose. 2n = 66, 68, 70.
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Diagnostic Description

Synonym

Arenaria peploides Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 423. 1753
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Ecology

Associations

In Great Britain and/or Ireland:
Foodplant / pathogen
colony of sporangium of Peronospora honckenyae infects and damages live, dwarfed, yellowish plant of Honckenya peploides
Other: sole host/prey

Foodplant / saprobe
effuse colony of Stemphylium dematiaceous anamorph of Pleospora allii is saprobic on dead Honckenya peploides

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Honckenya peploides

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 10
Specimens with Barcodes: 12
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

Canada

Rounded National Status Rank: NNR - Unranked

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNR - Unranked

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: G5 - Secure

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Wikipedia

Honckenya peploides

Honckenya peploides, the sea sandwort (UK) or seaside sandplant (Canada),[1] is the only species in the genus Honckenya of the flowering plant family Caryophyllaceae. It is often spelled "Honkenya", and is named after the German botanist Gerhard August Honckeny (or Honkeny).[2] It has a circumboreal distribution.

The plant is a succulent perennial growing at the edge of the sea. It has small greenish white 5-merous flowers with 10 stamens in the male flowers borne in the leaf axils.[3]The fruit capsule opens in 3 valves.

References [edit]

  1. ^ Integrated taxonomic information system (ITIS). (2009). Retrieved August/04, 2010
  2. ^ Le Roy Abrams & Roxana Stinchfield Ferris (1923). Polygonaceae to Krameriaceae, buckwheats to kramerias. An Illustrated Flora of the Pacific States 2. Stanford University Press. ISBN 9780804700047. 
  3. ^ New Flora of the British Isles, Stace, 2005, Cambridge University Press
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Notes

Comments

Honckenya peploides is polymorphic. A number of species and infraspecific taxa have been described from various parts of its geographical range. Recently, four subspecies of H. peploides have been recognized (A. Kurtto 2001b; V. V. Petrovsky 1971, 2000), as here; subsp. peploides occurs along European coasts. Honckenya is subdioecious (Petrovsky 1971, 2000; T. Tsukui and T. Sugawara 1992), and is pollinated largely by small bees, hover-flies, flies, and ants (Tsukui and Sugawara). The report of Honckenya (as Ammodenia) in Chile is an error based on G. Macloskie (1903-1914, vol. 1) (C. Marticorena, pers. comm.).
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