Overview

Distribution

National Distribution

United States

Origin: Native

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Present

Confidence: Confident

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Global Range: Endemic to Kauai.
Most plants are in dry and mesic forests.

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Physical Description

Type Information

Isotype for Hibiscus waimeae A. Heller
Catalog Number: US 3632962
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Original publication and alleged type specimen examined
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): A. A. Heller
Year Collected: 1895
Locality: Kauai, Kaholuamanoa, above Waimea., Kaua`i, Hawaii, United States, Hawaiian Archipelago, Pacific Islands
  • Isotype: Heller, A. A. 1897. Minnesota Bot. Stud. 1 (10-11): 851.
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Isotype for Hibiscus waimeae A. Heller
Catalog Number: US 265549
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Original publication and alleged type specimen examined
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): A. A. Heller
Year Collected: 1895
Locality: On Kaholuamanoa. above Waimea., Kaua`i, Hawaii, United States, Hawaiian Archipelago, Pacific Islands
  • Isotype: Heller, A. A. 1897. Minnesota Bot. Stud. 1 (10-11): 851.
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Ecology

Habitat

Comments: Diverse mesic forest and wet forest, from upper canyons to valleys near the coast and gulch bottoms. 250-1200 m.

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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: N2 - Imperiled

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: G2 - Imperiled

Reasons: Endemic to Kauai.
Most common on leeward Kauai. Occurs only in a few spots on windward Kauai.
Most plants are in dry and mesic forests.

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Wikipedia

Hibiscus waimeae

Hibiscus waimeae (Hawaiian: kokiʻo keʻokeʻo or kokiʻo kea) is a species of flowering plant in the okra family, Malvaceae, that is endemic to the island of Kauaʻi in Hawaii.[1] It is a small gray-barked tree, reaching a height of 6–10 metres (20–33 ft)[3] and a trunk diameter of 0.3 m (0.98 ft).[4] The flowers last for a single day, starting out white and fading to pink in the afternoon.[5] H. arnottianus of Oʻahu and Molokaʻi and H. waimeae are the only Hawaiian hibiscuses that have white flowers.[6] H. waimeae inhabits coastal mesic, mixed mesic, and wet forests at elevations of 250–1,200 m (820–3,900 ft).[1]

H. w. waimeae can be found in the western and southwestern parts of the island, where it grows in the Waimea Canyon area and valleys that face the ocean.[7] H. waimeae hannerae is rarer (listed as endangered by the USFWS) and can be found in the northwestern part of the island[8] where it grows in the Hanakapiʻai, Limahuli, and Kalihi Wai valleys.[2]

References

  1. ^ a b c "Hibiscus waimeae". NatureServe Explorer. NatureServe. http://www.natureserve.org/explorer/servlet/NatureServe?searchName=Hibiscus+waimeae+. Retrieved 2009-11-18.
  2. ^ a b "Hibiscus waimeae subsp. hannerae". Meet the Plants. National Tropical Botanical Garden. http://www.ntbg.org/plants/plant_details.php?plantid=6265. Retrieved 2009-11-18.
  3. ^ Wagner, Warren Lambert; Derral R. Herbst; S. H. Sohmer (1990). Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawaiʻi. Volume 1. University of Hawaii Press. p. 888. ISBN 978-0-8248-1152-5. http://www.hibiscus.org.au/part3.htm.
  4. ^ Little Jr., Elbert L.; Roger G. Skolmen (1989) (PDF). Kokiʻo keʻokeʻo, native white hibiscus. United States Forest Service. http://www.ctahr.hawaii.edu/forestry/trees/CommonTreesHI/CFT_Hibiscus_arnottianus.pdf.
  5. ^ "Hibiscus waimeae". Hawaiian Native Plant Propagation Database. University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa. http://www2.hawaii.edu/~eherring/hawnprop/hib-waim.htm. Retrieved 2009-11-18.
  6. ^ Bornhorst, Heidi Leianuenue (2005). Growing Native Hawaiian Plants: A How-to Guide for the Gardener (2nd ed.). Bess Press. p. 36. ISBN 978-1-57306-207-7. http://books.google.com/books?id=n-OESYDpr6wC.
  7. ^ "Hibiscus waimeae subsp. waimeae". Meet the Plants. National Tropical Botanical Garden. http://ntbg.org/plants/plant_details.php?plantid=6271. Retrieved 2009-11-18.
  8. ^ "Hibiscus waimeae ssp. hannerae". The Hawaiʻi Biodiversity & Mapping Program. University of Hawaiʻi. http://hbmp.hawaii.edu/hbmp/printpage.asp?spp=PDMAL0H181. Retrieved 2009-11-18.
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