Overview

Comprehensive Description

General Description

Species of low triangle-shaped head.

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© Solà, Eduard

Source: Continenticola

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Distribution

Bärschwil (Bärschwyl, Barschwil-Dorf), Switzerland
Collection date: prior to 1894
Salin: freshwater

Augustinerholzes near Basel, Switzerland
Collection date: prior to 1894
Salin: freshwater

Pestani, Macedonia
Collection date: 1935-1937
Salin: freshwater
Comments: in the spring Elesec, about 2 km north of Pestani.

Lake Ohrid (Ohrida See, Ohris, Ohrit, Lychnitis, Ochrida, Ohridsko, Ochridasee, Okhridsko, Akhris), Albania Macedonia border
Collection date: 1960
Salin: freshwater
Comments: from the running waters in the Ohrid region.

Illinois River, Illinois, USA
Collection date: 1894-1895
Kind: type locality
Salin: freshwater
Comments: 11,664b, Station C; 13,069, Station C.

People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria (Al-Jaza’ir, L’Etat Algerien, Algérie), Africa
Collection date: 1949 or earlier
Salin: freshwater

People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria (Al-Jaza’ir, L’Etat Algerien, Algérie), Africa
Collection date: 1972 or earlier
Salin: freshwater

People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria (Al-Jaza’ir, L’Etat Algerien, Algérie), Africa
Collection date: 1929 or earlier
Salin: freshwater

Morocco
Collection date: 1920 or earlier
Salin: freshwater

Atlas Mountains, Morocco
Collection date: 1920 or earlier
Salin: freshwater

Atlas Mountains, Morocco
Collection date: 1932 or earlier
Salin: freshwater

Atlas Mountains, Morocco
Collection date: 1951 or earlier
Salin: freshwater

Tunisia
Collection date: 1913 or earlier
Salin: freshwater

Congo Democratic Republic (Zaire), Africa
Collection date: 1935 or earlier
Salin: freshwater

Congo Democratic Republic (Zaire), Africa
Collection date: 1953 or earlier
Salin: freshwater

Congo Democratic Republic (Zaire), Africa
Collection date: 1953 or earlier
Salin: freshwater

Parc National de l’Upemba, Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire)
Collection date: Apr 13,1948
Comments: 1,750 m. Bwalo, affl. g. Muye et sous-affl. dr. Lufira, 1,750 m, pH 6, temp. 20 degrees.

Parc National de l’Upemba, Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire)
Collection date: Apr 14,1948
Comments: Buye-Bala, affl. g. Muye et sous-affl. dr. Lufira, 1,750 m, pH 6.

Parc National de l’Upemba, Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire)
Collection date: Apr 14,1948
Comments: Lubanga, tete de source (pres de Buye-Bala), 1,750 m, pH 6.

Parc National de l’Upemba, Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire)
Collection date: Apr 15,1948
Comments: Katongo, affl. g. Mubale et sous-affl. g. Munte, 1,750 m, pH 5, 5-6, temp 19 degrees.

Parc National de l’Upemba, Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire)
Collection date: Apr 18,1948
Comments: Dipwa, affl. g. Kalumengongo et sous-affl. dr. Lualaba, 1,730-1,830 m.

Parc National de l’Upemba, Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire)
Collection date: May 20,1948
Comments: Lupiala (riv.), affl. dr. Lufira, 1,470 m, pH 6, temp. 19.0 degrees.

Parc National de l’Upemba, Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire)
Collection date: May 22,1948
Comments: Kamesia, affl. dr. Muye et sous-affl. dr. Lufira, 1,550 m.

Parc National de l’Upemba, Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire)
Collection date: Mar 18,1949
Comments: Pelenge, affl. g., 1,250 m, pH 6.6, temp. 19.8 m. 2 immature Dugesia gonocephala

Parc National de l’Upemba, Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire)
Collection date: Apr 16-22,1949
Comments: Kaziba, riv. Lubanga, 1,150 m, pH 7, temp. 19.1 m. one immature Dugesia gonocephala

Parc National de l’Upemba, Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire)
Collection date: Jul 14,1949
Comments: Lukoka, affl. g. Lufira (embouchure), 750 m, pH 7.9, temp. 21.3 degrees. One immature specimen.

Zone de Kabare, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Collection date: Apr 8, 1949
Comments: Source d'Isingo, territ. Kabare.

Zone de Kabare, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Collection date: Apr 21, 1949
Comments: Lubindu, territ. Kabare.

Iron Gates (Trecatori Portile de Fier, La Cazane, Dealul Klisura, Klissura Derdap, Iron Gate of the Danube, Gvozdena Vrata, Eisenernes Tor, Vaskapu), Romania
Collection date: 2004 or earlier
Comments: Iron Gates II damlake

Belgium
Collection date: 1911-1935
Salin: freshwater

Valle di Susa, Piedmont (Piemonte, Pedemontium, Pedemons), Italy
Collection date: 1933 or earlier
Salin: freshwater
Comments: Piedmont streams, including streams in the Susa and Lanzo valleys.

Piedmont (Piemonte, Pedemontium, Pedemons), Italy
Collection date: 1933 or earlier
Salin: freshwater
Comments: Piedmont streams, including streams in the Susa and Lanzo valleys.

old Yugoslavia (Jugoslavia)
Collection date: 1934 or earlier

Macedonia
Collection date: 1934 or earlier

Retezat (Retiezat, Retezatul) Mountains, Romania
Collection date: 1934 or earlier
Salin: freshwater
Comments: found at 600-960 m altitude.

Godeanu (Godianu) Mountains, Romania
Collection date: 1934 or earlier
Salin: freshwater
Comments: found at 393-1235 m altitude.

Budapest, Hungary (Ungarn)
Collection date: 1930 or earlier
Salin: freshwater
Comments: found in cold springs near Budapest, Hungary.

Matra Mountains, Hungary (Ungarn)
Collection date: 1930 or ealier
Comments: springs and creeks.

Ojcow, Poland
Collection date: 1930 or earlier
Salin: freshwater
Comments: springs.

High Tatra Mountains (Central Carpathians)
Collection date: 1926 or earlier
Salin: freshwater
Comments: southern part of the High Tatra Mts., the Szepeser Magura, and in the Tatras.

Ajaccio, France
Collection date: 1926 or earlier
Comments: swampy habitats near Ajaccio. Common in larger brooks.

Altkonig moutains, Hessen Land, Germany
Collection date: 1892 or earlier
Salin: freshwater

Siebengebirge mountains, Nordrhein-Westfalen Land, Germany
Collection date: 1892 or earlier
Salin: freshwater

Feldberg mountains, Bayern Land, Germany
Collection date: 1892 or earlier
Salin: freshwater

Rügen Island (Rugia), Germany
Collection date: 1908 or earlier
Comments: introduced?

Dundo, Angola
Collection date: Dec 27, 1947
Comments: Dundo, dans une regole d'eau presque sans courant, chauffée par le soleil.

Luachimo (Rio Luachime, Longtshimo), Angola
Collection date: Mar 1949
Comments: Dundo, rive de la Luachimo, dans l'eau peu profonde à fond sableux tapissé de Cyanophycées et d'herbes aquatiques..

Luachimo, Angola
Collection date: Feb 22, 1948
Comments: Environs de Dundo, sous-affluent de la rive droite de la Luachimo.

Serra do Moco, Luimbale, Angola
Collection date: Sep 7, 1949
Comments: Serra do Moco, Luimbale, 70 km. au NO. de Nova Lisboa, alt. 2.300 m.; sous des pierres, dans un ruisseau d'une galerie forestière.

Planalto da Humpata, Angola
Collection date: Sep 19, 1949
Comments: Boca da Humpata, environs de Sá da Bandeira, alt. 1.900 m.; sous des pierres quartzitiques, dans le ruisseau parallèle à la route qui monte de Sà da Bandeira vers le plateau de Humpata.

Lubango (Sá da Bandeira), Angola
Collection date: Sep 19, 1949
Comments: Boca da Humpata, environs de Sá da Bandeira, alt. 1.900 m.; sous des pierres quartzitiques, dans le ruisseau parallèle à la route qui monte de Sà da Bandeira vers le plateau de Humpata.

Lubango (Sá da Bandeira), Angola
Collection date: Sep 22, 1949
Comments: Senhora do Monte, Sá da Bandeira, alt. 1.800 m.; sous des pierres et dans la paroi mouillée de la cascade.

Lubango (Sá da Bandeira), Angola
Collection date: Sep 25, 1949
Comments: 50 km. au SE. de Sá da Bandeira, à la bifurcation Jau-Ongueria de la route Chibia-Jau, dans un ruisseau courant sous une galerie forestière, alt. 1.500 m..

Conda, Angola
Collection date: Nov 14, 1949
Comments: Conda, Vila Nova de Seles, 50 km., à l'E. de Novo Redondo, dans un ruisseau terrentiel de la forêt «laurisilva»; alt, 850 m.

Mount Kenya, Kenya, Africa
Collection date: Feb 1912
Comments: ruisseau dans les prairies alpines, pres du camp IV (alt. 4000 m), st. nº 45.

Mount Kenya, Kenya, Africa
Collection date: Jan 1912
Comments: Source Campbell, pres du camp III (alt. 3.650 m), st. nº 43.

Mount Kenya, Kenya, Africa
Collection date: Jan 1912
Comments: Torrent du camp II, en foret de bambous (alt. 2,870 m), st. nº 41.

Klipriver (Klip River), South Africa
Collection date: 1951 or earlier
Comments: Transvaal in South Africa (Dolomitic Spring at Fountains, Pretoria, and the Klip River; alt. 1800-2000 m)

Makheka (Makheko), Kingdom of Lesotho (Territory of Basutoland, South Africa)
Collection date: 1951 or earlier
Comments: Basutoland in South Africa (the Makheko Mountains; alt. 2600-3050 m)

Tsitsikamma Nasionale Park (Zitzikama, Tzitzikama Forest), Stormsriver, Cape Province, South Africa
Collection date: 1951 or earlier
Comments: Cape Province in South Africa (Tzitzikama Forest, Stormsrivierpiek, at medium altitude)

Kunming, Yunnan, China
Collection date: 1956 or earlier
Salin: freshwater
Comments: widely distributed in Kunming and its vicinity. We collected and recorded at 7 places: Tsuei-Hu, Haiyuanshi, Takuan-Lo, Hsishan (West Mountain), Heilung-Tan, Peilung-Tan and Chêng-Kung.

Meitan, China
Collection date: 1950 or earlier
Comments: two localities (Meitan, Kui-Chou Shêng in the south-central area and Hangchow, Hsi-Chiang Shêng in the southeastern area).

Hangzhou (Hangchow), China
Collection date: 1950 or earlier
Comments: two localities (Meitan, Kui-Chou Shêng in the south-central area and Hangchow, Hsi-Chiang Shêng in the southeastern area).

Anju-si, P’yŏngan-namdo, North Korea
Collection date: 1938 or earlier
Comments: Anju, Pyeongan Nam Do (Tu's data)

Yang-dong (Yangdeog), P’yŏngan-namdo, North Korea
Collection date: 1938 or earlier
Comments: Yangdoeg, Pyeongan Nam Do (Tu's data)

Fouhsi, near P’yŏnggang (Pyonggang), Kangwŏn-do (Gang Bug Do), North Korea
Collection date: 1938 or earlier
Comments: Fouhsi, near Pyonggang (Tu's data)

Shanxi Sheng (Shan-Hsi Shêng), China
Collection date: 1950 or earlier
Comments: from several localities (Hêngshichên, Henglingkuan, Uüchuchên, Tungkou, Chiehtsun, and Taihsien) in Shan-Hsi Shêng. [Dugesia japonica japonica]- see Kawakatsu & Liu 1987.

Taiwan (Formosa)
Collection date: 1937 or earlier
Salin: freshwater
  • Beauchamp Pde. 1951.   . Turbellaries de l'Angola (recoltes de M.A.de Barros Machado). Museo do Dundo. Publ Culturais Companhia Diamantes Angola 11:77-84.
  • Beauchamp Pde. 1951.   . Turbellaries polyclades du Maroc et de Mauritanie. Bull Soc Sc Nat du Maroc (1949) 39:239-249.
  • Thienemann A. 1908.   . Thuringer Tricladen, in die Bache Jasmunds eingesetzt. Zool. Anz., Leipzig. 32: 597.
  • Kato K. 1950.   . On some Turbellarians from Sanshi, North China. Zool. Mag., Tôkyô, 59 : 188-190. [in Japanese].
  • Beauchamp Pde. 1935.   . Turbellaries et bryozoaires. Mission scientifique de l'Omo 3(23): 141-153 [1936].
  • Marcus Er. 1955.   . Turbellaria. In: Hanström-Brinck-Rudebeck, South African Animal Life, Volume I. Results Lund Univ Exxp 1950-1951 Vol I, Number 3, t. 1-12, pages 101-151. Stockholm.
  • Okugawa KI. 1937-1938.   . Report on the limnological survey in the of Loochoo Islands. (Limnological researches of Lu-chu islands, No. 3). Botany & Zoology (Tokyo), 6: 1855-1865. [In Japanese].
  • Marcus Er. 1953. index card avail.
     . Turbellaria Tricladida. In: Exploration du Parc National de l'Upemba. Mission GF De Witte (1946-1949). Inst Parcs Nationaux du Congo Belge. #21, 62 pp.
  • Arndt W. 1926.  abstract/note. Beitrage zur Kenntnis der Land- und Susswasserfauna Korsikas. I. Ergebnisse der Dr. Paul Schottlander-Lehrexpedition des Jahres 1914. 2. Turbellaria. Mitteil Zool Ms Berlin 12(2): 218-222.
  • Beauchamp Pde. 1951.   . A propos d'une Planaire du Congo belge. Rev Zool Bot Afr 45:90-98.
  • Happold DCD. 1961.   . Notes on planarians of the Kivu Provence of the Congo. Revue Zool. Bot. afr. 63: 27-32.
  • Fuhrmann O. 1894. index card avail.
     . Die Turbellarien der Umgebung von Basel. Inaugural-Dissertation. Rev Suisse Zool 2: 213-292.
  • Kenk R. 1978. index card avail.
     . The planarians (Turbellaria: Tricladida, Paludicola) of Lake Ohrid in Macedonia. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology #280.
  • Stankovic S. 1960.   . The Balkan Lake Ohrid and Its Living World. 357 pages, 1 unpaged leaf. Den Haag: Dr. W. Junk.
  • Woodworth WM. 1897. index card avail.
     . Contributions to the morphology of the Turbellaria. II. On some Turbellaria from Illinois. Bull Mus Comp Zool at Harvard, 31: 1-16, 1 plate.
  • Beauchamp Pde. 1949.  abstract/note. Biospeologica 69. Turbellariés (troisieme série). Archs. Zool. exp. gén. 86: 50-65.
  • Gremigni V, Banchetti R. 1972.   . Submicroscopic morphology of hyperplasic ovaries of ex-fissiparous individuals in Dugesia gonocephala s.l. Accad Naz Lincei 52:539-543.
  • Vandel A. 1925.   . "Planaria subtentaculata" Drap. n'est qu'une race asexues de "Planaria gonocephala" Duges. Bull. Biol. France Belg. 59, p. 498-507.
  • Beauchamp Pde. 1920.   . Biospeologica 43. Turbellaries et Hirudines (l reserie). Arch Zool exp 60:177-219.
  • Reuter M, Gustafsson M. 1996.   . Neuronal signal substances in asexual multiplication and development in flatworms. Cell Mol Neurobiol 16:591-616.
  • Beauchamp Pde. 1913. index card avail.
     . Turbellaria Tricladida in Turbellaries, Trematodes et Gordiacis. Res. Sci. de Voyage de Chr. Albeaud et R. Jeannel en Afrique Orientale (1911-1912). Rés.scient. Librairie Albert Schulz, Paris , 1-16.
  • Nastasescu M, Popescu-Marinescu V. 2004.  abstract/note. Turbellaria spreading within iron gates area existing in benthic and phytophile fauna. Revue Roumaine de Biologie Serie de Biologie Animale 47(1-2): 97-105.
  • Oye EL van. 1941.  abstract/note. Verbreitung und Oekologie der paludicolen Tricladen in Belgien. Arch. Hydrobiol. 38(1): 110-147, 13 f. t. I-II.
  • Benazzi M. 1933.  abstract/note. Notizie biologico-faunistiche sulle Tricladi delle Alpi Piemontesi. Boll Mus Zool Anat comp Torino 43:297-311.
  • Beauchamp Pde. 1934.  abstract/note. Quelques Turbellaries des Balkans et d'Asie mineure. Bull Soc zool de Fr 59: 203-209.
  • Lepsi J. 1934.  abstract/note. Uber Planaria alpina und Planaria gonocephala in der Transsylvanischen Alpen. Zool Anz 105(5/6): 144-146.
  • Abraham A, Moedlinger G. 1930. index card avail.
    abstract/note. Beitraege zur Chorologie der Planarie alpina. Zool Anz 89:177-181, 1 f.
  • Abraham A, Moedlinger G. 1930.  abstract/note. Die Planarien des Matra-Gebirges. Zool Anz 90:121-127, 1f.
  • Roszkowski W. 1930.  abstract/note. Third note on Planaria alpina and Planaria gonocephala in the vicinity of Ojcow. Fragmenta Faunistica Mus. Zool. Polon. 1 (6), 6 p.
  • Modlinger G. 1926.  abstract/note. Adatok a Magas-Tatra es Planaria-Faunfijahoz, [Planarian fauna of the high Tatras and their environs.]. Matem Ter Meszett Ertesito 43: 585-596.
  • Voigt W. 1892.  abstract/note. Karten über die Verbreitung von Planaria alpina und P. gonocephala im Siebengebirge und am Feldberg und Altkönig im Taunus. Sitzungsber. Niederrhein. Ges. zu Bonn. 1892. page 104.
  • Huang C, Tu TJ. 1956.   . The distribution and the seasonal changes in the reproductive organs of Euplanaria gonocephala (Dubes) in Kunming and its vicinity. Bull. Santung Univ., 2 (4): 104-118. (in Chinese with English Summary).
  • Chow PS, Kiang HM. 1950.   . Notes on supernumerary eyes observed in specimens of Planaria gonocephala collected from the Meitan (Kui-Chou Shêng) and Hangchow (His-Chiang Shêng) localities, China. Chinese Sciences, 1 (2-4): 425-427. (In Chinese).
  • Kawakatsu M, Liu D-Z. 1987.   . History of the study of Turbellaria in China. Part 3. Supplementary notes on the turbellariology in The People's Republic of China. Bull. Fuji Womens College No.25 Ser II: 39-54.
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© National Science Foundation - Turbellarian Taxonomic Database

Source: Turbellarian Taxonomic Database

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European distribution.

Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© Solà, Eduard

Source: Continenticola

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Physical Description

Size

Living specimens up to 18 mm in length and 3 mm in width.

Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© Solà, Eduard

Source: Continenticola

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