Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Inhabits mud bottoms (Ref. 5951). Epibenthic (Ref. 58426). Maximum depth reported at 1800 m (Ref. 58426). Feeds on benthic and pelagic crustaceans (Ref. 4702), and worms (Ref. 58426).
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Biology

The most offshore-distributed of the snailfishes in the Arctic
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Black peritoneum and more than 36 anal fin rays, relatively large eyes and simple unlobed teeth in the inner portion of the jaws; Distinquished from other arctic Liparis that have have pale peritoneum, fewer than 36 anal fin rays, small eyes and trilobed teeth
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Distribution

National Distribution

Canada

Origin: Native

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Present

Confidence: Confident

Type of Residency: Year-round

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North Atlantic: Canada, Greenland, Svalbard and the northern Barents Sea
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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North Atlantic: Canada, Greenland, Svalbard and the northern Barents Sea. Arctic Ocean: Beloye More (Ref. 9926), northern seas of the former USSR, the coasts of Siberia and Arctic Alaska and Canada.
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Arctic circumpolar.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Anal spines: 0; Analsoft rays: 36 - 42
  • Stein, D.L. and K.W. Able 1986 Liparididae. p. 1275-1283. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. Vol. III. (Ref. 4702)
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Size

Maximum size: 200 mm ---
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Max. size

20.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 9925)); 12.7 cm TL (female)
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Diagnostic Description

Caudal fin rounded and small. Peritoneum black (Ref. 4702).
  • Stein, D.L. and K.W. Able 1986 Liparididae. p. 1275-1283. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. Vol. III. (Ref. 4702)
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat Type: Marine

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benthic
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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A benthic species.Found at depths of 20-175 m.
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Environment

bathydemersal; marine; depth range 12 - 1800 m (Ref. 58496)
  • Parin, N.V., V.V. Fedorov and B.A. Sheiko 2002 An annotated catalogue of fish-like vertebrates and fishes of the seas of Russia and adjacent countries: Part 2. Order Scorpaeniformes. J. Ichthyol. 42(Suppl.1):S60-S135. (Ref. 58496)
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Depth range based on 235 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 146 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 1 - 2000
  Temperature range (°C): -1.770 - 13.325
  Nitrate (umol/L): 1.482 - 26.159
  Salinity (PPS): 29.555 - 34.975
  Oxygen (ml/l): 3.462 - 8.919
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.241 - 1.783
  Silicate (umol/l): 2.619 - 42.312

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 1 - 2000

Temperature range (°C): -1.770 - 13.325

Nitrate (umol/L): 1.482 - 26.159

Salinity (PPS): 29.555 - 34.975

Oxygen (ml/l): 3.462 - 8.919

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.241 - 1.783

Silicate (umol/l): 2.619 - 42.312
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Depth: 20 - 1750m.
From 20 to 1750 meters.

Habitat: bathydemersal.
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Arctic faunal region; Benthic and pelagic, at depths of 20-1,880 m; Near shore to beneath pack ice and deep in the water column to 520 m or more over bottom depths of more than 2.5 km and temperatures < 0°C; Usually > 20 km offshore at depths > 50 m
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Migration

Non-Migrant: No. All populations of this species make significant seasonal migrations.

Locally Migrant: No. No populations of this species make local extended movements (generally less than 200 km) at particular times of the year (e.g., to breeding or wintering grounds, to hibernation sites).

Locally Migrant: No. No populations of this species make annual migrations of over 200 km.

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Trophic Strategy

Epibenthic (Ref. 58426). Feeds on benthic, pelagic crustaceans (Ref. 4702), and worms (Ref. 58426). It is preyed upon by Atlantic cod, tern, seal and murres (Ref. 5951).
  • Stein, D.L. and K.W. Able 1986 Liparididae. p. 1275-1283. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. Vol. III. (Ref. 4702)
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Feeds on small benthic and pelagic crustaceans, mainly hyperiid amphipods.; Eaten by other fishes (e.g., Atlantic cod, Gadus morhua) and seabirds
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Life History and Behavior

Behavior

Diet

Feeds on crustaceans
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Life Cycle

Little known; Large ovarian eggs (2.1-2.7 mm) are spawned in autumn; 485-735 large eggs in Kara Sea females; Larvae pelagic
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Liparis fabricii

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 12 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.

Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.

See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

ACCCTTTATCTAGTATTTGGTGCTTGAGCTGGAATGGTCGGGACAGGCCTG---AGCTTATTAATTCGGGCCGAACTTAGCCAACCCGGAGCCCTTTTAGGCGAC---GACCAAATCTACAACGTAATTGTTACAGCGCATGCTTTCGTAATAATTTTCTTTATGGTAATACCAATTATAATTGGAGGTTTTGGGAATTGACTCATCCCCTTAATG---ATCGGGGCTCCCGATATAGCCTTTCCTCGAATAAATAATATAAGTTTTTGACTCCTACCACCCTCTTTCTTACTCCTTCTTGCCTCTTCTGGCGTAGAAGCAGGGGCCGGAACCGGATGAACTGTTTATCCCCCTCTTGCTGGTAATTTAGCCCATGCTGGAGCCTCTGTAGACCTA---ACAATTTTCTCGCTGCATTTAGCAGGAATTTCTTCAATTCTTGGGGCCATTAATTTTATTACAACCATTATCAACATGAAACCCCCTGCTATATCTCAGTACCAAACCCCTCTTTTCGTTTGATCTGTACTTATTACAGCCGTACTTCTCCTCCTCTCTCTCCCTGTCCTTGCTGCC---GGCATCACCATGCTTCTGACAGACCGAAATCTTAATACAACCTTTTTTGATCCAGCAGGAGGAGGAGACCCAATTCTTTATCAACACCTC
-- end --

Download FASTA File

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Liparis fabricii

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 15
Specimens with Barcodes: 32
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

Canada

Rounded National Status Rank: N5 - Secure

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: GNR - Not Yet Ranked

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Threats

Not Evaluated
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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