DistributionRead full entry
The species occurs throughout much of the northern hemisphere apart from North America. It occurs throughout Europe and the Mediterranean basin, east throughout European Russia, the Middle East, the Caucasus, Mongolia and the Indian subcontinent to much of east, northeast and northwest China (eFloras 2011), Japan and the Amur region of Russia. In the southeast it occurs in the Philippines (Luzon) and the Marianas Islands. It also occurs in northeastern Africa south of the Sahara and Madagascar. It is widespread and abundant throughout much of Europe, but less common in the far north where populations are scattered but locally abundant in Scandinavia (Preston 1995, Wiegleb and Kaplan 1998, Maier 2001, Tzvelev 2001, Jardim BotÃ¢nico da UTAD 2007, Naturhistoriska RiksmusÄet 2010).