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Overview

Distribution

Range Description

This species was described from Europe.In Turkey the distribution of this taxon is as follows: Edirne: Enez, anakkale: Dardanelles, Istanbul: Prinkipo (Byk Ada), Antalya (Davis 1965-1985);Harmanl Gl andKara Gl in Enez (Edirne);Pamuku Gl inpsala(Edirne);Tuzla Gl inKean(Tekirda);Bykekmece Gl in stanbul;Uzun Gl in Bafra (Samsun);Karamustafal Gl inaramba (Samsun);Paradeniz Gl inSilifke(Mersin);Van Gl in Van (Semen and Leblebici 1997); andAntalya: Akseki, ukurky yayla, vicinity of Eekukuru, 1,850 m (Duran 2002).In Cyprus it is found in:Ktima;Kambos, PomosPoint;Larnaca;Salamis;Nicosia;Kyrenia (Meikle, 1977).
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National Distribution

United States

Origin: Exotic

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

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Distribution in Egypt

Nile Valley North of Nubia (Location: Delta), Libyan Desert Oases, Nubian Desert Oases, Mareotic Sector, Isthmic Desert, Nile Valley North of Nubia.

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Global Distribution

Mediterranean region, Along the Atlantic  coast to Southwest England.

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introduced; Calif., Oreg.; sw Europe (Mediterranean region).
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Physical Description

Morphology

Description

Plants annual, ± delicate, 6-25+ cm, often densely stipitate-glandular, at least in inflorescence. Taproots ± filiform. Stems erect to spreading or sprawling, usually much-branched proximally; main stem 0.5-1 mm diam. proximally. Leaves: stipules usually inconspicuous, dull white to tan, broadly triangular, 1.5-4.5 mm, apex acute to short-acuminate; blade ± linear, 1-4.2 cm, at least moderately fleshy, apex apiculate to spine-tipped; axillary leaves absent or 1-2 per cluster. Cymes simple to 6+-compound. Pedicels often oriented to 1 side in fruit. Flowers: sepals connate 0.3-0.6 mm proximally, lobes often 3-veined, ovate to elliptic-oblong, 2.2-3.5 mm, to 4.5 mm in fruit, margins 0.2-0.5 mm wide, apex acute to rounded; petals white or pink to rosy, ovate to obovate, 0.8-1 times as long as sepals; stamens 8-10; styles 0.4-0.6 mm. Capsules greenish, 3(-4) mm, 1-1.2 times as long as sepals. Seeds light brown, with submarginal groove, broadly ovate, plump, 0.4-0.6 mm, somewhat shiny, smooth to minutely roughened, margins with peglike papillae (40×); wing absent. 2n = 18? (Africa), 36 (Europe).
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Size

Height: 5-25 cm.

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Diagnostic Description

Synonym

Alsine bocconi Scheele, Flora 26: 431. 1843
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Type Information

Isotype for Tissa luteola Greene
Catalog Number: US 467216
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Original publication and alleged type specimen examined
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): A. A. Heller
Year Collected: 1903
Locality: Pacific Grove., Monterey, California, United States, North America
  • Isotype: Greene, E. L. 1903. Pittonia. 5: 114.
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Isotype for Tissa luteola Greene
Catalog Number: US 668988
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Original publication and alleged type specimen examined
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): A. A. Heller
Year Collected: 1903
Locality: Pacific Grove., Monterey, California, United States, North America
  • Isotype: Greene, E. L. 1903. Pittonia. 5: 114.
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
This species lives in river and lake shores, sandy areas, saltmarshes or waste places mainly near the coast.

Systems
  • Terrestrial
  • Freshwater
  • Marine
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Waste ground.

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Salt marshes, alkaline places, sandy soils; 0-400m.
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Life History and Behavior

Cyclicity

Flowering/Fruiting

Flowering spring.
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Life Expectancy

Annual or short-lived perennial.

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Spergularia bocconei

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Spergularia bocconei

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 2
Specimens with Barcodes: 2
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2014

Assessor/s
Kavak, S.

Reviewer/s
Lansdown, R.V.

Contributor/s

Justification

This species is classed as Least Concern as it is widespread with stable populations and does not face any major threats.

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National NatureServe Conservation Status

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNA - Not Applicable

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: GNR - Not Yet Ranked

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Population

Population

There is no information available on population trends in this species.


Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats

There are no known significant past, ongoing or future threats to this species.

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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
There is no need for any conservation actions.
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Wikipedia

Spergularia bocconei

Spergularia bocconei (Boccone's sea-spurrey) is a species of the Spergularia genus, in the Caryophyllaceae family. It is named after the Sicilian botanist Paolo Boccone. Scheele first published it as Alsine bocconi in 1843.[1] It was transferred to the genus Spergularia by Graebner in 1919.[2][3] Pedersen placed the species in genus Spergula in 1984.[4]

Name

The epithet used for this name is often spelled as bocconi, following the first usage by Scheele. This epithet is formed from a latinized form of Boccone's name: "Bocconus". Boccone however, rarely used a latinized form of his name: in all his books for example, even the ones in Latin, his name appears on the title page as "Paolo Boccone", contrary to the practice of the time.[5] It is clear that Boccone's name does not possess a well-established latinized form.[6] Hence the epithet should be formed in accordance with ICBN (Vienna Code) Recommendation 60C.1(a), which dictates that epithets derived from personal names ending in a vowel should be formed by adding the appropriate inflection, which is "-i" in the case of a single male. Thus bocconei is the only proper form.[7][8] Graebner used this form of the epithet when he transferred the species to the genus Spergularia in 1919.

Notes and references

  1. ^ Scheele, G.H.A. (1843), Flora (oder Allgemeine botanische Zeitung) 26: 431.
  2. ^ Graebner, K.O.R.P.P. (1919), Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. [Ascherson & Graebner] 5(1): 849.
  3. ^ Several sources cite this name as Spergularia bocconi (Scheele) Foucaud ex Merino. The only source citing a bibliographic reference is Tropicos, Missouri Botanical Garden. It refers to Mem. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 2(9): 496 (1904). The abbreviation of the title is incomplete: the full title (fide IPNI) is "Mem. Real Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat." ("Real" was dropped in later volumes). On the cited page, the name Spergularia Bocconi Foucaud (in litt.) is found, however without a reference to the basionym (direct or indirect: neither the basionym author Scheele nor the basionym genus Alsine, nor a bibliographic reference was cited), and so this name is not admissible under ICBN (Vienna Code) Art. 32.5 and 32.6. "in litt." = in litteris, meaning "in correspondence". See Mem. Real Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 2(9): 496 and ICBN (Vienna Code) Art. 32
  4. ^ Pedersen, T.M. (1984), Fl. Patagonica (Collecc. Cient. 8) 4a: 256.
  5. ^ Linnaeus called him "Bocco" (genetive: bocconis), probably because he thought "Boccone" was an ablative.
  6. ^ As required by ICBN (Vienna Code) Art. 60 Rec. 60C.2 for admitting epithets formed from latinized personal names when only the last syllable is affected.
  7. ^ Flora of North America
  8. ^ ICBN (Vienna Code) Art. 60
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Notes

Comments

The spelling of the epithet bocconi, often “corrected” to bocconii, is debatable. It commemorates Paolo Boccone, suggesting a correction to bocconei, but he also used the Latinized form Bocconus, allowing bocconi. We have used bocconi, following the first usage by Scheele.
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