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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Found inshore on and around corals and hard bottoms (Ref. 39597), silty and muddy habitats (Ref. 48635). Often taken by nets and handlines (Ref. 39597). Also found in rocky bottoms and coral reef crevices in about 7-70 m (Ref 90102).
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Distribution

Indo-West Pacific: southern India to southern China and New Caledonia.
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Indo-West Pacific.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 12 - 15; Dorsal soft rays (total): 7 - 8; Analspines: 2; Analsoft rays: 5
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Size

Max. size

13.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 48635))
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Diagnostic Description

Geographical differences: specimens from the Gulf of Thailand usually with large blotches over the body; those from Indonesia and Australia generally have less solid markings. Species observed to alter its color from light to dark in captivity. Scales in vertical rows, 44-66 (Ref. 39597).Description: Characterized by deeply incised dorsal ray membranes of spinous portion; dorsal fin origin above centre of eye; two spines of lacrimal directed posteriorly; strong spine at border of preoperculum; depth of body 3.0 in SL (Ref. 90102).
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Geographical differences: specimens from the Gulf of Thailand usually with large blotches over the body; those from Indonesia and Australia generally have less solid markings. Species observed to alter its color from light to dark in captivity. Scales in vertical rows, 44-66 (Ref. 39597).Description: Characterized by deeply incised dorsal ray membranes of spinous portion; dorsal fin origin above centre of eye; two spines of lacrimal directed posteriorly; strong spine at border of preoperculum; depth of body 3.0 in SL (Ref 90102).
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Ecology

Habitat

Depth range based on 68 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 6 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0.5 - 138
  Temperature range (°C): 20.387 - 26.626
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.149 - 10.433
  Salinity (PPS): 34.902 - 35.354
  Oxygen (ml/l): 3.045 - 4.747
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.104 - 0.933
  Silicate (umol/l): 1.019 - 14.577

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 0.5 - 138

Temperature range (°C): 20.387 - 26.626

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.149 - 10.433

Salinity (PPS): 34.902 - 35.354

Oxygen (ml/l): 3.045 - 4.747

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.104 - 0.933

Silicate (umol/l): 1.019 - 14.577
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.
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Environment

demersal; marine; depth range ? - 70 m (Ref. 39597)
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Depth range based on 68 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 6 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0.5 - 138
  Temperature range (°C): 20.387 - 26.626
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.149 - 10.433
  Salinity (PPS): 34.902 - 35.354
  Oxygen (ml/l): 3.045 - 4.747
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.104 - 0.933
  Silicate (umol/l): 1.019 - 14.577

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 0.5 - 138

Temperature range (°C): 20.387 - 26.626

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.149 - 10.433

Salinity (PPS): 34.902 - 35.354

Oxygen (ml/l): 3.045 - 4.747

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.104 - 0.933

Silicate (umol/l): 1.019 - 14.577
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Depth: 0 - 64m.
Recorded at 64 meters.

Habitat: demersal.
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Trophic Strategy

Found inshore on and around corals and hard bottoms (Ref. 39597), silty and muddy habitats (Ref. 48635). Often taken by nets and handlines (Ref. 39597).
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Paracentropogon longispinis

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 6
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: commercial
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Wikipedia

Paracentropogon longispinis

Paracentropogon longispinis, common name wispy waspfish or sailfin washfish, is a small fish species that belongs to the scorpionfishes family (Scorpaenidae). It is found in the Central Indo-West Pacific.

Physical characteristics[edit]

The size of this fish is up to 13 cm (5.1 in). Its body is compressed laterally and is endowed with a dorsal fin starting from the top of the head until joining practically the superior base of the caudal fin. When the dorsal fin is spread, it looks like a toothed crest. The twelve to fifteen spines of the dorsal fin are venomous and there are also seven or eight soft rays. It remains in the substratum and moves by means of its pectoral fins. Its body color is mainly red-brown with one or two bright white spots above the lateral line and it "wears" a bright white mask starting from the top of its head to the inferior lip. Individuals from Thailand have large dark blotches over the body while those from Indonesia and Australia are usually more mottled. It is able to change its color from lighter to darker to a certain extent.[2] In appearance it is somewhat similar to the cockatoo waspfish, Ablabys taenianotus.

Distribution[edit]

Paracentropogon longispinis is found in the Central Indo-Pacific region. Its range extends from southern India, Thailand and Malaysia through Indonesia to western, northern and eastern Australia.[2]

Habitat, behavior and diet[edit]

Depth from 2 ft to 60 ft on sandy, silty, muddy or rubble bottoms and also in fields of Zosteraceae. It is a nocturnal benthic species, an ambush predator, feeding by hunting from a hide by mimicking a crumpled, dead leaf or a drifting piece of seaweed. It feeds on shrimps and other tiny crustaceans which it sucks into its mouth.

References[edit]

  • Andrea & Antonnella Ferrrari. Macrolife. Nautilus Publishing, 2003. ISBN 983-2731-00-3
  • Ewald Lieske & Robert Myers. Coral Reef Fishes. Princeton University Press,1998. ISBN 978-0691004815
  1. ^ a b Bailly, Nicolas (2013). "Paracentropogon longispinis (Cuvier, 1829)". World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved 2013-12-21. 
  2. ^ a b "Paracentropogon longispinis (Cuvier, 1829): Wispy waspfish". FishBase. Retrieved 2013-12-21. 
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