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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Miscellaneous Details

"Notes: Western Ghats, High Altitude, Native of Temperate Asia"
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Distribution

Tamil Nadu: Dindigul
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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Gypsophila elegans M. Bieb.:
Colombia (South America)
United States (North America)
Guatemala (Mesoamerica)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
  • Voss, E. G. 1985. Michigan Flora. Part II Dicots (Saururaceae-Cornaceae). Bull. Cranbrook Inst. Sci. 59. xix + 724.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/1700 External link.
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946. Caryophyllaceae. In Standley, P.C. & Steyermark, J.A. (Eds), Flora of Guatema la - Part IV. Fieldiana, Bot. 24(4): 217–239.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/6396 External link.
  • Baker, R. & W. C. Burger. 1983. Family 70. Caryophyllaceae. In: W. Burger (ed.), Flora Costaricensis. Fieldiana, Bot., n.s. 13: 227–247.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/2447 External link.
  • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., R. D. C. Ortiz, R. Callejas Posada & M. Merello. 2011. Flora de Antioquia. Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares, vol. 2. Listado de las Plantas Vasculares del Departamento de Antioquia. Pp. 1-939.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/100008595 External link.
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introduced; Alta., N.W.T., Ont., Que., Sask., Yukon; Alaska, Calif., Colo., Conn., Ga., Ill., Iowa, Kans., Maine, Mass., Mich., Minn., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., N.Dak., Ohio, Oreg., Pa., R.I., Tex., Utah, Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis.; Eurasia; introduced in the West Indies (Dominican Republic), Central America (Guatemala); widely cultivated elsewhere.
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National Distribution

Canada

Origin: Exotic

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

United States

Origin: Exotic

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

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Physical Description

Morphology

Description

Plants annual. Stems erect, simple or few-branched proximal to inflorescence, 0.4-6 dm, glabrous. Leaves cauline, proximal leaves with clasping bases, gradually transitional to distal leaves with ± rounded bases; blade linear-lanceolate to narrowly oblong, 1.5-7 cm × (1-)3-16 mm, apex obtuse to acute in proximal leaves, acute in distal leaves, glaucous. Pedicels 10-35 mm, glabrous. Flowers: calyx 2.5-5 mm, lobes glabrous, apex obtuse or mucronate; petals white, occasionally with pinkish purple veins, or rarely pink, 6-15 mm. Capsules globose. Seed coats coarsely tuberculate. 2n = 34 (Europe).
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Diagnostic Description

Diagnostic

Habit: Herb
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Ecology

Habitat

Roadsides and other open, sandy or rocky, disturbed sites; 0-2100m.
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Associations

Foodplant / parasite
hypophyllous telium of Puccinia arenariae parasitises live leaf of Gypsophila elegans
Other: minor host/prey

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Life History and Behavior

Cyclicity

Flowering/Fruiting

Flowering summer-early fall.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Gypsophila elegans

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Gypsophila elegans

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 3
Specimens with Barcodes: 3
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

Canada

Rounded National Status Rank: NNA - Not Applicable

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNA - Not Applicable

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: GNR - Not Yet Ranked

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Wikipedia

Gypsophila elegans

Gypsophila elegans (Annual Baby's-breath, Showy Baby's-breath [1] [2] ) is an ornamental plant native to Asia and Europe.

References

  1. ^ Gypsophila elegans at Germplasm Resources Information Network
  2. ^ Gypsophila elegans at USDA PLANTS Database
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Notes

Comments

Gypsophila elegans is frequently included in mixtures of “wildflower” seeds used for roadside planting and other revegetation projects. A specimen specifically from such a mixture was seen from Louisiana, but such mixtures are used widely elsewhere and are believed to account for the presence of this species in Colorado and in at least one Utah locality. A report of this species from Labrador appears to have been based on garden plants.  

If Gypsophila elegans is divided into two varieties, following Y. I. Barkoudah (1962), plants in the flora area are var. elegans. Cultivars are much used by florists and are frequently grown as garden ornamentals. These may have supernumerary petals, petals to 25 mm, and/or pink to maroon petals.

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