Overview

Comprehensive Description

Remarks

45 valid species known mostly from cold waters in northern Europe, Arctic Ocean and Antarctica. The presence/absence of abdominal notopodial rudiments, often used for generic diagnoses, are variable within this genus.

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Description

Prostomium anteriorly pointed, trilobed. Buccal tentacles papillose. Prostomial dorsal glandular ridges absent. Branchiae 4 pairs. All branchiae similar, all smooth. Only last pair of branchiae clearly associated with a specific segment. Paleae on segment 3 present, long. Dorsal crest absent. Nuchal (post branchial) hooks on segment 4 absent. Notochaetae present from segment 5. Neuropodia present. Segments 3–6 without neurochaetae. Number of pairs of thoracic uncinigers 12. Abdominal notopodial rudiments present, or absent. Anal cirri present, 3 or more pairs.

Description generated from: Hutchings, PA & Johnson, RT, 2003. Australian Ampharetidae (Polychaeta) DELTA database. In Wilson RS, Hutchings PA & Glasby CJ (eds) Polychaetes: Interactive Identification and Information Retrieval. CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne.

Additional references:
Fauchald, K. 1977. The polychaete worms. Definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Science Series 28, 1-188.
Parapar, J., Helgason, G. V., Jirkov, I., & Moreira, J. (2012). Polychaetes of the genus Ampharete (Polychaeta: Ampharetidae) collected in Icelandic waters during the BIOICE project. Helgoland Marine Research, 66(3), 331-344.
Imajima, M., Reuscher, M. G., & Fiege, D. (2012). Ampharetidae (Annelida: Polychaeta) from Japan. Part I: The genus Ampharete Malmgren, 1866, along with a discussion of several taxonomic characters of the family and the introduction of a new identification tool. Zootaxa, 3490, 75-88.

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Distribution

Northern Europe, North Atlantic, Arctic, Antarctic. Distribution within Australia: South-eastern Australia. Known mostly from cold waters in northern Europe, Arctic Ocean and Antarctica.

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Ecology

Habitat

Marine, inshore (including inshore bay), marine, shelf, slope, deep sea.

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Known from seamounts and knolls
  • Stocks, K. 2009. Seamounts Online: an online information system for seamount biology. Version 2009-1. World Wide Web electronic publication.
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Source: World Register of Marine Species

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Depth range based on 3799 specimens in 15 taxa.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 1833 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0 - 5650
  Temperature range (°C): -2.058 - 27.194
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.501 - 33.519
  Salinity (PPS): 10.036 - 39.024
  Oxygen (ml/l): 2.000 - 8.972
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.081 - 2.386
  Silicate (umol/l): 0.805 - 129.940

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 0 - 5650

Temperature range (°C): -2.058 - 27.194

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.501 - 33.519

Salinity (PPS): 10.036 - 39.024

Oxygen (ml/l): 2.000 - 8.972

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.081 - 2.386

Silicate (umol/l): 0.805 - 129.940
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
                                        
Specimen Records:63Public Records:8
Specimens with Sequences:30Public Species:5
Specimens with Barcodes:25Public BINs:5
Species:15         
Species With Barcodes:10         
          
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Barcode data

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Locations of barcode samples

Collection Sites: world map showing specimen collection locations for Ampharete

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