Overview

Distribution

Range Description

Schiedea kaalae is endemic to the Hawaiian Islands. It occurs only on the island of Oahu.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

Source: IUCN

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

National Distribution

United States

Origin: Native

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Present

Confidence: Confident

Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© NatureServe

Source: NatureServe

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Schiedea kaalae var. acutifolia Sherff:
United States (North America)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO 63110 USA

Source: Missouri Botanical Garden

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Schiedea kaalae Wawra:
United States (North America)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO 63110 USA

Source: Missouri Botanical Garden

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Global Range: Species endemic to northwestern Koolau Mountains and Waianae Mountains, Oahu.

Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© NatureServe

Source: NatureServe

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Historic Range:
U.S.A. (HI)

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Physical Description

Diagnostic Description

Plants nearly acaulescent; stems, if present, 0.2-1.2(-2) dm long with leaves tufted at apex; leaves elliptic-oblanceolate to nearly spatulate, (8-)14-24 cm long. Oahu. (Wagner et al., 1990)

Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© NatureServe

Source: NatureServe

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Type Information

Isoneotype for Schiedea kaalae Wawra
Catalog Number: US 3262943
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: ; Status verified from secondary sources
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): S. P. Perlman & J. Obata
Year Collected: 1987
Locality: Oahu: Puu Kaua, Ekahaui gulch, in subgulch of south side of Ekahanui., Honolulu, O`ahu, Hawaii, United States, Hawaiian Archipelago, Pacific Islands
Microhabitat: In Oahu diverse mesic forest.
Elevation (m): 671
  • Isoneotype: Wawra, H. 1873. Flora. 56: 175.; Wagner, W. L. & et al. 2005. Syst. Bot. Monogr. 72: 84.
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany

Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Isotype for Schiedea kaalae Wawra
Catalog Number: US 1704416
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: ; Status verified from secondary sources
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): O. Degener & W. Bush
Year Collected: 1927
Locality: Waterfall, Hauula Valley., Honolulu, O`ahu, Hawaii, United States, Hawaiian Archipelago, Pacific Islands
  • Isotype: Sherff, E. E. 1943. Amer. J. Bot. 30: 607.
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany

Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
A perennial with a woody base. Occurs in diverse mesic forest to perhaps wet forest on steep slopes in shaded sites, at an elevational range of 210 - 790 m. Gulch slopes, gulch bottoms and cliffs.

Systems
  • Terrestrial
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

Source: IUCN

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Comments: Diverse mesic forest to perhaps wet forest on steep slopes in shaded sites. Gulch slopes, gulch bottoms, and cliffs.

Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© NatureServe

Source: NatureServe

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Population Biology

Number of Occurrences

Note: For many non-migratory species, occurrences are roughly equivalent to populations.

Estimated Number of Occurrences: 6 - 20

Comments: Six current (between 1982 and 1997) and six historical occurrences.

Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© NatureServe

Source: NatureServe

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Schiedea kaalae

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Schiedea kaalae

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 2
Specimens with Barcodes: 2
Species With Barcodes: 1
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
CR
Critically Endangered

Red List Criteria
D

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2003

Assessor/s
Bruegmann, M.M. & Caraway, V.

Reviewer/s
Maunder, M. (Plant Conservation Committee) & Pollock, C.M. (Red List Programme Office)

Contributor/s

Justification
Schiedea kaalae is endemic to Oahu, Hawaii. It has been recorded from the Waianae Mountains and the central windward portion of the Koolau Mountains. It is known from eight subpopulations, totaling 25–30 individuals. The species and its habitats are threatened by pigs, goats, and alien plants.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

Source: IUCN

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Current Listing Status Summary

Status: Endangered
Date Listed: 10/29/1991
Lead Region:   Pacific Region (Region 1) 
Where Listed:


Population detail:

Listing status: E

For most current information and documents related to the conservation status and management of Schiedea kaalae, see its USFWS Species Profile

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

National NatureServe Conservation Status

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: N1 - Critically Imperiled

Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© NatureServe

Source: NatureServe

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: G1 - Critically Imperiled

Reasons: This species is endemic to Oahu. It has been recorded from the Waianae Mountains and the central windward portion of the Koolau Mountains. There are 6 currently verified occurrences, totaling fewer than 50 plants. The species and its habitats are threatened by pigs, goats, and alien plants.

Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© NatureServe

Source: NatureServe

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Population

Population Trend
Decreasing
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

Source: IUCN

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Threats

Major Threats
Threats include fire, competition from alien plant species (Christmas berry, Maui pamakani, huehue haole, Koster's curse, mosasses grass, and firetree), habitat degradation by feral pigs and goats, and predation by introduced slugs and snails.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

Source: IUCN

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Comments: The species and its habitat are threatened by alien weeds, goats, and pigs.

Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© NatureServe

Source: NatureServe

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
This species is being successfully propagated at the National Tropical Botanical Garden, the Lyon Arboretum, and the Waimea Arboretum (S. Smith, G. Koob and D. Orr, pers. comms. 1997). Federally and state-listed as an endangered species.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

Source: IUCN

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Biological Research Needs: Population biology and ecology.

Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© NatureServe

Source: NatureServe

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Wikipedia

Schiedea kaalae

Schiedea kaalae, known as Maʻoliʻoli in Hawaiian, is a species of flowering plant in the carnation family, Caryophyllaceae, that is endemic to the island of Oʻahu in Hawaii. It inhabits coastal mesic and mixed mesic forests at elevations of 210–790 m (690–2,590 ft) in the Koʻolau and Waiʻanae Ranges. It is threatened by habitat loss.[2]

References

  1. ^ Bruegmann, M.M. & Caraway, V. 2003. Schiedea kaalae. 2011 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 19 July 2011.
  2. ^ "Schiedea kaalae". CPC National Collection Plant Profiles. Center for Plant Conservation. 2010-03-04. http://www.centerforplantconservation.org/collection/CPC_ViewProfile.asp?CPCNum=3850. Retrieved 2011-07-19.


Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Source: Wikipedia

Unreviewed

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Names and Taxonomy

Taxonomy

Comments: ENDEMIC GENUS OF 22 SPECIES. SPECIES ENDEMIC TO NORTHWESTERN KOOLAU MTS. & WAIANAE MTS. OF OAHU. VARIETIES NOT RECOGNIZED BY WAGNER ET AL.

Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© NatureServe

Source: NatureServe

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Disclaimer

EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!