The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • Fish, J.D. & Fish, S., (1996). A student's guide to the seashore. Second edition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.   http://www.marlin.ac.uk/speciesbibliography.php?species=2352 External link.
  • Hayward, P., Nelson-Smith, T. & Shields, C., (1996). Collins pocket guide. Sea shore of Britain and northern Europe. London: HarperCollins.   http://www.marlin.ac.uk/speciesbibliography.php?species=2311 External link.
  • Hayward, P.J. & Ryland, J.S. (ed.), (1995b). Handbook of the marine fauna of North-West Europe. Oxford: Oxford University Press.   http://www.marlin.ac.uk/speciesbibliography.php?species=2307 External link.
  • Knight-Jones, P. & Knight-Jones, E.W., (1977). Taxonomy and ecology of British Spirorbidae (Polychaeta). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 57, 453-499.   http://www.marlin.ac.uk/speciesbibliography.php?species=3578 External link.
  • Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp.
  • Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2013). WoRMS Polychaeta: World Polychaeta database (version 2013-03-04). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col/. Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Spirorbis borealis
  • WoRMS (2015). Spirorbis (Spirorbis) spirorbis (Linnaeus, 1758). In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2015) World Polychaeta database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=334842

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