Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Iris nusairiensis

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Iris nusairiensis

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 1
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Iris nusairiensis

Iris nusairiensis is a species in the genus Iris, it is also in the subgenus of Scorpiris. It is a bulbous perennial from Syria, it has pale blue or white flowers. It is cultivated as an ornamental plant in temperate regions.


Iris nusairiensis is fairly similar in form to Iris aucheri.[2]

It has a brown bulb with long fleshy storage roots.[3]

It grows to a height of 7–10 cm (3–4 in) tall.[2][4]

It has various shades of blue-white flowers. Ranging from pale blue/ light blue to white-blue flowers.[5][2] Which all have a pale yellow or yellow crest on the falls. It also has darker blue veining on the hafts.[4]

It generally has about 6 glossy mid-green, lanceolate leaves rising from the base of the stem.[3]


It was published by Paul Mouterde in 'Nouvelle Flora du Liban et de la Syrie' (New flora of Libya and Syria) 311, in 1966.[6][2][7]

The Latin specific epithet nusairiensis comes from 'Jebel Nusair' (meaning Nusair's mountain) in Syria,[8] near Mount Cassius, part of the Nusair chain.[9]

It has the common name of 'Syriansk junoiris' in Swedish.[7]

Iris nusairiensis is now an accepted name by the RHS.[10]

It was verified by United States Department of Agriculture and the Agricultural Research Service on 4 April 2003 and updated on 3 December 2004.[7]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

It is native to temperate areas of western Asia.[7]


It is found in Syria.[7][11]


They are grown on rocky positions.[3]

They can be found at an altitude of 1,400–2,000 metres (4,600–6,600 ft) above sea level.[3]


It is listed as one of the significant plants in Syria.[11]


Similar to other Juno irises it prefers well drained soils in full sun. It is better to grow in an alpine house or bulb frame in the UK.[8][5]

It is not a very widely cultivated by specialist bulb growers, so is difficult to obtain.[5]

Another form of Iris nusairiensis was found in SE Turkey, around the Malatya province, similar in form with three very large creamy-white flowers with a large round rich egg-yolk yellow patch on its falls. But some discussions by botanists think it might be a separate species.[12]


  1. ^ "Iris nusairiensis Mouterde is an accepted name". 23 March 2012. Retrieved 20 November 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c d "(SPEC) Iris nusairiensis Mouterde". 20 April 2010. Retrieved 3 October 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c d British Iris Society (1997) pL6uPLo7l2gC &pg=PA255 A Guide to Species Irises: Their Identification and Cultivation , p. 255, at Google Books
  4. ^ a b "Iris Summary" (pdf). p. 11. Retrieved 3 October 2014. 
  5. ^ a b c "Iris nusairiensis". Retrieved 3 October 2014. 
  6. ^ "Iris nusairiensis". Retrieved 3 October 2014. 
  7. ^ a b c d e "Taxon: Iris nusairiensis Mouterde". (Germplasm Resources Information Network). Retrieved 2 April 2015. 
  8. ^ a b "Iris are genus that do well here in dry". 14 March 2014. Retrieved 3 October 2014. 
  9. ^ G.E. PostuyIMAwAAQBAJ&pg=PA22 Flora of Syria, Palestine, and Sinai, p. 22, at Google Books
  10. ^ "Iris nusairiensis". Retrieved 3 October 2014. 
  11. ^ a b "Syria - biodiversity conservation and protected area management". Ministry of Agriculture and Agrarian Reforms (primary) and Ministry of State for Environmental Affairs (advisory). 4 January 1996. Retrieved 3 October 2014. 
  12. ^ "Janis Ruksans Bulb Nursery" (pdf). 2012. Retrieved 4 October 2014. 

Other sources[edit]

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Mathew, B. 1981. The Iris. 157.
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