Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Inhabits turtle-grass beds, usually in coves on the seaward sides of islands (Ref. 5521). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205). The male carries the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail (Ref. 205).
  • Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea and W.B. Scott 1991 Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Pub. (20):183 p. (Ref. 3814)
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Distribution

Western Atlantic: Florida and Bahamas to Brazil.
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Western Atlantic: Florida, USA and Bahamas to Argentina. Reported in northeastern Brazil (Ref. 81923).
  • Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray 1986 A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
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Physical Description

Size

Maximum size: 125 mm TL
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Max. size

12.5 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 7251))
  • Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray 1986 A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
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Type Information

Holotype for Anarchopterus tectus
Catalog Number: USNM 216592
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): J. Starck & Party
Year Collected: 1965
Locality: Florida., Monroe County, 0.25 Miles NNW Alligator Reef Lt., Monroe County, Florida, United States, Atlantic
  • Holotype: Dawson, C. E. 1978. Copeia. 1978 (1): 15.
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Paratype for Anarchopterus tectus
Catalog Number: USNM 117240
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): W. Longley
Locality: Tortugas, Florida., Monroe County, Dry Tortugas, Florida, United States, Florida Keys, Gulf of Mexico, Atlantic
  • Paratype: Dawson, C. E. 1978. Copeia. 1978 (1): 15.
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

demersal; marine
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Depth range based on 4 specimens in 1 taxon.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 26 - 26
 
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Life History and Behavior

Life Cycle

Male carries the eggs in a brood pouch (Ref. 205).
  • Breder, C.M. and D.E. Rosen 1966 Modes of reproduction in fishes. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, New Jersey. 941 p. (Ref. 205)
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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