Regularity: Regularly occurring
Regularity: Regularly occurring
Global Range: Zapata and Starr Cos., southwest Texas and near Monterey in Nuevo Leon, Mexico.
U.S.A. (TX), Mexico (Nuevo Leon)
Comments: Open thorn shrublands on rocky flats or slopes. Soils are saline, sometimes with a high gypsum content (ranging from 0.2 to 39 percent in areas tested).
National NatureServe Conservation Status
Rounded National Status Rank: N1 - Critically Imperiled
Rounded National Status Rank: N3 - Vulnerable
NatureServe Conservation Status
Rounded Global Status Rank: G3 - Vulnerable
Reasons: This species, once thought to be quite limited in distribution, has now been found at about 30 sites in southern Texas and northern Mexico. Although brush clearing and oil and gas development are still threats, conservation agreements are being signed by private landowners to protect the plant.
Date Listed: 08/07/1984
Lead Region: Southwest Region (Region 2)
Listing status: E
For most current information and documents related to the conservation status and management of Frankenia johnstonii, see its USFWS Species Profile
Comments: Cattle grazing.
Biological Research Needs: Reproductive biology.
Frankenia johnstonii is a species of flowering plant known by the common name Johnston's seaheath, or Johnston's frankenia. It is native to southern Texas in the United States and northern Nuevo León in Mexico, where there are about 30 occurrences known. The plant was federally listed as an endangered species in the United States in 1984. It was found to be more abundant than previously thought and it was proposed for delisting in 2003.
In 1984 there were only 6 populations known, all on privately owned land, and the plants appeared to be in poor condition and were reproducing slowly. Most plants observed had been trimmed down by grazing cattle, which also appeared to alter the habitat itself. Fewer than 2000 plants were counted and it was placed on the endangered species list of the United States. By 2003 many more populations had been discovered and it was suggested the plant be removed from the endangered species list. As of 2011 it was still listed.
This is a shrub which grows in open landscapes on soils rich in salts and gypsum. It grows alongside other halophiles such as saladillo (Varilla texana). It is gray-green to blue-green in color for most of the year except fall, when it turns bright red. The wiry stems may just exceed half a meter tall and the shrub takes on a rounded appearance. The small grayish or bluish leaf blades are coated in white hairs. The plant may bloom anytime between September and May, especially after rain falls. The flower is white with a yellow center. The plant makes very few seeds.
- ^ a b c Frankenia johnstonii. The Nature Conservancy.
- ^ a b c d e f USFWS. Final Rule to Determine Frankenia johnstonii (Johnston's frankenia) to be an endangered species. Federal Register August 7, 1984.
- ^ USFWS. Frankenia johnstonii Species Profile.
- ^ a b c d Frankenia johnstonii. Texas Parks and Wildlife.
Names and Taxonomy
Comments: Distinct species, distinguished by its blue-green color and wiry appearance.
EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.
To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!