The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • 1. Ault, Stacey C.; Stormer, Fred A. 1983. Seasonal food selection by scaled quail in northwest Texas. Journal of Wildlife Management. 47(1): 222-228. [12168]
  • 11. Fernald, Merritt Lyndon. 1950. Gray's manual of botany. [Corrections supplied by R. C. Rollins]
  • 12. Foxx, Teralene S.; Tierney, Gail D. 1987. Rooting patterns in the pinyon-juniper woodland. In: Everett, Richard L., compiler. Proceedings--pinyon-juniper conference; 1986 January 13-16; Reno, NV. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-215. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station: 69-79. [4790]
  • 14. Great Plains Flora Association. 1986. Flora of the Great Plains. Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas. 1392 p. [1603]
  • 15. Griggs, T. C.; Matches, A. G. 1991. Crop ecology, production, and management: Productivity and consumption of wheatgrasses and wheatgrass-sainfoin mixtures grazed by sheep. Crop Science. 31(5): 1267-1273. [18055]
  • 16. Gross, Katherine L.; Werner, Patricia A. 1982. Colonizing abilities of "biennial" plant species in relation to ground cover: implications for their distributions in a successional sere. Ecology. 63(4): 921-931. [12143]
  • 17. Harrington, H. D. 1964. Manual of the plants of Colorado. 2d ed. Chicago: The Swallow Press Inc. 666 p. [6851]
  • 18. Hitchcock, C. Leo; Cronquist, Arthur. 1973. Flora of the Pacific Northwest. Seattle, WA: University of Washington Press. 730 p. [1168]
  • 19. Hulten, Eric. 1968. Flora of Alaska and neighboring territories. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press. 1008 p. [13403]
  • 1996. database, The PLANTS Database
  • 1996. database, NODC Taxonomic Code
  • 20. Kartesz, John T.; Kartesz, Rosemarie. 1980. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. Volume II: The biota of North America. Chapel Hill, NC: The University of North Carolina Press; in confederation with Anne H. Lindsey and C. Richie Bell, North Carolina Botanical Garden. 500 p. [6954]
  • 2000. database, The PLANTS Database
  • 21. Kingsbury, John M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, Inc. 626 p. [122]
  • 23. Lawrence, B. K.; Waller, S. S.; Moser, L. E.; [and others]
  • 24. Lippert, Robert D.; Hopkins, Harold H. 1950. Study of viable seeds in various habitats in mixed prairie. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science. 53(3): 355-364. [1461]
  • 25. Marten, G. C.; Andersen, R. N. 1975. Forage nutritive value and palatability of 12 common annual weeds. Crop Science. 15: 821-827. [25]
  • 26. McConnaughay, K. D. M.; Bazzaz, F. A. 1987. The relationship between gap size and performance of several colonizing annuals. Ecology. 68(2): 411-416. [2869]
  • 27. Munz, Philip A. 1974. A flora of southern California. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press. 1086 p. [4924]
  • 28. Nabhan, Gary Paul. 1985. Gathering the desert. Tucson, AZ: The University of Arizona Press. 209 p. [2848]
  • 29. National Academy of Sciences. 1971. Atlas of nutritional data on United States and Canadian feeds. Washington, DC: National Academy of Sciences. 772 p. [1731]
  • 30. Peterson, D. E.; Regehr, D. L.; Ohlenbusch, P. D.; [and others]
  • 31. Radford, Albert E.; Ahles, Harry E.; Bell, C. Ritchie. 1968. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. Chapel Hill, NC: The University of North Carolina Press. 1183 p. [7606]
  • 34. Roland, A. E.; Smith, E. C. 1969. The flora of Nova Scotia. Halifax, NS: Nova Scotia Museum. 746 p. [13158]
  • 35. Seymour, Frank Conkling. 1982. The flora of New England. 2d ed. Phytologia Memoirs 5. Plainfield, NJ: Harold N. Moldenke and Alma L. Moldenke. 611 p. [7604]
  • 37. Sturart, B. P.; Nicholson, S. S.; Smith, J. B. 1975. Perirenal edema and toxic nephrosis in cattle, associated with ingestion of pigweed. Journal of the American Veterinary Medicine Association. 167(10): 949-950. [21782]
  • 38. Tilman, David. 1986. Nitrogen-limited growth in plants from different successional stages. Ecology. 67(2): 555-563. [2809]
  • 4. Blackshaw, Robert E.; Rode, Lyle M. 1991. Effect of ensiling and rumen digestion by cattle on weed seed viability. Weed Science. 39(1): 104-108. [21835]
  • 40. Thomas, A. G.; Donaghy, D. I. 1991. A survey of the occurrence of seedling weeds in spring annual crops in Manitoba. Canadian Journal of Plant Science. 71(3): 811-820. [21781]
  • 41. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service. 1971. Common weeds of the United States. New York: Dover Publications, Inc. 463 p. [2378]
  • 43. Voss, Edward G. 1985. Michigan flora. Part II. Dicots (Saururaceae--Cornaceae). Bull. 59. Bloomfield Hills, MI: Cranbrook Institute of Science; Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Herbarium. 724 p. [11472]
  • 44. Whitson, Tom D., ed. 1987. Weeds and poisonous plants of Wyoming and Utah. Res. Rep. 116-USU. Laramie, WY: University of Wyoming, College of Agriculture, Cooperative Extension Service. 281 p. [2939]
  • 45. Weaver, J. E.; Albertson, F. W. 1944. Nature and degree of recovery of grassland from the great drought of 1933-1940. Ecological Monographs. 14(4): 393-479. [2462]
  • 47. Welsh, Stanley L.; Atwood, N. Duane; Goodrich, Sherel; Higgins, Larry C., eds. 1987. A Utah flora. Great Basin Naturalist Memoir No. 9. Provo, UT: Brigham Young University. 894 p. [2944]
  • 49. Wohlgemuth, K.; Schamber, G. J.; Misek, A. R.; Crenshaw, J. D. 1987. Pigweed is toxic to pigs. North Dakota Farm Research. Fargo, ND: North Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station; 44(4): 21-22. [21836]
  • 6. Burrows, George E.; Tyrl, Ronald J.; Rollins, Dale;. [and others]
  • 7. Dittberner, Phillip L.; Olson, Michael R. 1983. The plant information network (PIN) data base: Colorado, Montana, North Dakota, Utah, and Wyoming. FWS/OBS-83/86. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service. 786 p. [806]
  • 8. Egley, G. H.; Chandler, J. M. 1978. Germination and viability of weed seeds after 2.5 years in a 50-year buried seed study. Weed Science. 26(3): 230-239. [19609]
  • 9. Elias, Thomas S.; Dykeman, Peter A. 1982. Field guide to North American edible wild plants. [Place of publication unknown]
  • Aeschimann, D. & C. Heitz. 2005. Synonymie-Index der Schweizer Flora und der angrenzenden Gebiete (SISF). 2te Auflage. Documenta Floristicae Helvetiae N° 2. Genève.   http://www.crsf.ch/ External link.
  • Amaranthaceae and Phytolaccaceae of North America Update
  • F.N., Hepper., & I. Friis.   (1994).  The Plants of Pehr Forsskal's "Flora Ageyptiaco-Arabica". Kew: Kew Publishing..  
  • Hilty, J. Editor. 2014. Illinois Wildflowers. World Wide Web electronic publication. flowervisitors.info, version 06/2014.
    See: Botanical Terminology and Line DrawingsEcological TerminologyWebsite DescriptionLinks to Other WebsitesReference Materials
  • L., Boulos.   (Submitted).  Flora of Egypt. Cairo: Al Hadara Publishing..  
  • Marticorena C & R Rodríguez . 1995-2005. Flora de Chile. Vols 1, 2(1-3). Ed. Universidad de Concepción, Concepción. 351 pp., 99 pp., 93 pp., 128 pp. Matthei O. 1995. Manual de las malezas que crecen en Chile. Alfabeta Impresores. 545 p.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2013). ITIS Regional: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Apr 2011). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col/. Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • V., Täckholm.   (1974).  Students’ Flora of Egypt, 2nd Ed. Cairo: Cairo University Press..  
  • V., Täckholm., & M. Drar.   (Submitted).  Flora of Egypt. Bulletin of the Faculty of Science. Cairo: Cairo University Press..  

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