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Salicaceae -- Willow family

    J. A. Pitcher and J. S. McKnight

    Black willow (Salix nigra) is the largest and the only  commercially important willow of about 90 species native to North  America. It is more distinctly a tree throughout its range than  any other native willow; 27 species attain tree size in only part  of their range (3). Other names sometimes used are swamp willow,  Goodding willow, southwestern black willow, Dudley willow, and  sauz (Spanish). This short-lived, fast-growing tree reaches its   maximum size and development in the lower Mississippi River  Valley and bottom lands of the Gulf Coastal Plain (4). Stringent  requirements of seed germination and seedling establishment limit  black willow to wet soils near water courses (5), especially  floodplains, where it often grows in pure stands. Black willow is  used for a variety of wooden products and the tree, with its  dense root system, is excellent for stabilizing eroding lands.

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Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

J. A. Pitcher

Source: Silvics of North America

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