Data about <i>Salix nigra</i>

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Distribution

Data about <i>Salix nigra</i>
Native range includes
Additional detail Canada USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail Lower 48 United States of America USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail United States (USA) US Forest Service Fire Effects Information Service  
  • Geographic distribution
    A description of the geographic distribution, or range, of the taxon. Includes descriptions of global, regional, or political aspects of range and whether the taxon is native or introduced in portions of the range and endemicity.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/SPMInfoItems#Distribution
Geographic distribution
Additional detail Mesoamerica - Mexico - Oaxaca Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - Canada Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - Canada - New Brunswick Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - Canada - Ontario Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - Canada - Quebec Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Alabama Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Florida Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Georgia Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Iowa Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Kansas Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Kentucky Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Michigan Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Minnesota Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Mississippi Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Missouri Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Nebraska Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - New Mexico Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - New York Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - North Carolina Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - North Dakota Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Oklahoma Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - South Carolina Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Tennessee Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Texas Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Virginia Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - West Virginia Missouri Botanical Garden  

Physical Description

Data about <i>Salix nigra</i>
Leaf color
Additional detail green
  • Green
    A color hue with medium-low wavelength of that portion of the visible spectrum lying between yellow and blue, evoked in the human observer by radiant energy with wavelengths of approximately 490 to 570 nanometers.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000320
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Wood density
Additional detail 0.36 g/cm^3 Global Wood Density Database  
  • Plant growth habit
    The general growth form of a plant - its size and branching - also its woodiness. Some plants have different growth habits depending on environment or location, so a plant can have more than one value.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PlantHabit
Plant growth habit
Additional detail shrub
  • Shrub
    Perennial, multi-stemmed woody plant that is usually less than 4 to 5 meters (13 to 16 feet) in height. Shrubs typically have several stems arising from or near the ground, but may be taller than 5 meters or single-stemmed under certain environmental conditions.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/shrub
US Forest Service Fire Effects Information Service  
Additional detail tree
  • Tree
    Perennial, woody plant with a single stem (trunk), normally greater than 4 to 5 meters (13 to 16 feet) in height; under certain environmental conditions, some tree species may develop a multi-stemmed or short growth form (less than 4 meters or 13 feet in height).
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/tree
US Forest Service Fire Effects Information Service  
Additional detail tree
  • Tree
    Perennial, woody plant with a single stem (trunk), normally greater than 4 to 5 meters (13 to 16 feet) in height; under certain environmental conditions, some tree species may develop a multi-stemmed or short growth form (less than 4 meters or 13 feet in height).
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/tree
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Plant height median
Additional detail 30.48 m mature USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
max Additional detail 15.24 m base age USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Shape
Additional detail erect
  • Erect
    A positional quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's being upright in position or posture.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000622
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • Primary growth form
    The primary growth form on the landscape in relation to soil stabilization on slopes and streamsides. Each plant species is assigned the single growth form that most enhances its ability to stabilize soil.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PrimaryGrowthForm
Primary growth form
Additional detail multiple stems
  • Multiple stems
    Plant development by producing two or more stems. Examples: roundleaf dogwood (Cornus rugosa) and red huckleberry (Vaccinium parvifolium).
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/multipleStems
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Carbon-to-nitrogen ratio
Additional detail medium (23 – 59)
  • Medium (23 – 59)
    The percentage of organic carbon divided by the percentage of total nitrogen in organic material is 23–59.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/mediumCNRatio
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Foliage texture
Additional detail medium
  • Medium
    Mid-way between small and large in number, quantity, magnitude or extent.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C49507
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  

Ecology

Data about <i>Salix nigra</i>
  • Frost free days
    The average number of frost-free days within the plant’s known geographical range. For cultivars, the geographical range is defined as the area to which the cultivar is well adapted rather than marginally adapted.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/FrostFreeDays
Frost free days min
Additional detail 120 days USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • Precipitation tolerance
    Minimum tolerable rainfall (in inches), expressed as the average annual minimum precipitation that occurs 20% of the time (i.e., the probability of it being this dry in any given year is 20%) at the driest climate station within the known geographical range of the plant. geographical range of the plant. For cultivars, the geographical range is defined as the area to which the cultivar is well adapted rather than marginally adapted.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PrecipitationTolerance
Precipitation tolerance min
Additional detail 45.72 cm USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
max Additional detail 2.03 m USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • Soil depth
    The minimum depth of soil required for good growth. Plants that do not have roots such as rootless aquatic plants (floating or submerged) and epiphytes are assigned a minimum root depth value of zero.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/SoilDepth
Soil depth min
Additional detail 81.28 cm USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • Low temperature tolerance
    The minimum tolerable temperature is the lowest temperature recorded in the plant’s historical range. If this is not available, the record low January temperature recorded at climate stations within the current geographical range of the plant is used. This definition does not apply to summer annuals.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/TemperatureTolerance
Low temperature tolerance min
Additional detail -50 degrees Celsius USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Habitat
Additional detail alluvial soil Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail bar
  • Bar
    A linear shoaling landform feature within a body of water. Bars tend to be long and narrow (linear) and develop where a current (or waves) promote deposition of granular material, resulting in localized shallowing (shoaling) of the water. Bars can appear in the sea, in a lake, or in a river. They are typically composed of sand, although could be of any granular matter that the moving water has access to and is capable of shifting around (for example, soil, silt, gravel, cobble, shingle, or even boulders). The grain size of the material comprising a bar is related: to the size of the waves or the strength of the currents moving the material, but the availability of material to be worked by waves and currents is also important.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000167
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail bay Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail bayou
  • Bayou
    A small, slow-moving stream or creek; usually located in low-lying areas.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000234
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail clay
  • Clay
    A group of hydrous aluminium phyllosilicate (phyllosilicates being a subgroup of silicate minerals) minerals (see clay minerals), that are typically less than 2micrometres in diameter. Clay consists of a variety of phyllosilicate minerals rich in silicon and aluminium oxides and hydroxides which include variable amounts of structural water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002982
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail coast
  • Coast
    The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail coastal plain
  • Coastal plain
    An area of flat, low-lying land adjacent to a seacoast and separated from the interior by other features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000090
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail cut
  • Cut
    An excavation of the Earth's surface to provide passage for a road, railway, canal, etc.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000474
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail ditch
  • Ditch
    A small artificial watercourse dug for draining or irrigating the land.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000037
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail drainage ditch
  • Drainage ditch
    A ditch that collects water from the surrounding land.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000140
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail drainage ditch
  • Drainage ditch
    A ditch that collects water from the surrounding land.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000140
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail flood plain
  • Flood plain
    An area which is subject to periodic flooding.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000255
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail flood plain
  • Flood plain
    An area which is subject to periodic flooding.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000255
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail flood plain
  • Flood plain
    An area which is subject to periodic flooding.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000255
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail flood plain
  • Flood plain
    An area which is subject to periodic flooding.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000255
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail forest
  • Forest
    An area with a high density of trees. A small forest may be called a wood.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000111
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail forest
  • Forest
    An area with a high density of trees. A small forest may be called a wood.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000111
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail forest
  • Forest
    An area with a high density of trees. A small forest may be called a wood.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000111
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail fresh water Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail grassland
  • Grassland
    An area in which grasses (Graminae) are a significant component of the vegetation.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000106
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail lake
  • Lake
    A body of water or other liquid of considerable size contained on a body of land.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000020
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail Large river biome Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail marsh
  • Marsh
    A wetland, featuring grasses, rushes, reeds, typhas, sedges, and other herbaceous plants (possibly with low-growing woody plants) in a context of shallow water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000035
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail marsh
  • Marsh
    A wetland, featuring grasses, rushes, reeds, typhas, sedges, and other herbaceous plants (possibly with low-growing woody plants) in a context of shallow water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000035
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail meadow
  • Meadow
    A habitat of rolling or flat terrain where grasses predominate. Typically, what is called a meadow has more biodiversity than a grassland as the former contains not only grasses but a significant variety of annual, biennial and perennial plants.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000108
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail mudflat
  • Mudflat
    A wetland that forms when mud is deposited by the tides, rivers, sea or oceans.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000192
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail non-marine IRMNG  
Additional detail plain
  • Plain
    A region of general uniform slope, comparatively level, and of considerable extent.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000086
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail plantation
  • Plantation
    An intentional planting of a crop, on a large scale, usually for uses other than cereal production or pasture. The term is currently most often used for plantings of trees and shrubs. The term tends also to be used for plantings maintained on economic bases other than that of subsistence farming.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000117
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail plateau
  • Plateau
    An elevated and comparatively level expanse of land.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000182
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail pond
  • Pond
    A body of water, usually of smaller size than a lake.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000033
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail river
  • River
    Natural freshwater surface streams of considerable volume and a permanent or seasonal flow, moving in a definite channel toward a sea, lake, or another river; any large streams, or ones larger than brooks or creeks, such as the trunk stream and larger branches of a drainage system.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000022
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail river bank
  • River bank
    The sloping margin of a river, serving to confine it to its natural channel.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000143
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail river valley
  • River valley
    A valley that contains, and has been formed by, a river.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000171
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail sand
  • Sand
    A naturally occurring granular material composed of finely divided rock and mineral particles.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000017
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail savanna
  • Savanna
    A grassland of the tropics or subtropics with scattered trees.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000261
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail scrubland
  • Scrubland
    Area covered with low-growing or stunted perennial vegetation and usually not mixed with trees.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000300
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail sediment
  • Sediment
    Sediment is an environmental substance comprised of any particulate matter that can be transported by fluid flow and which eventually is deposited as a layer of solid particles on the bedor bottom of a body of water or other liquid.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002007
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail silt Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail soil
  • Soil
    Any material within 2 m from the Earth's surface that is in contact with the atmosphere, with the exclusion of living organisms, areas with continuous ice not covered by other material, and water bodies deeper than 2 m.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00001998
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail soil
  • Soil
    Any material within 2 m from the Earth's surface that is in contact with the atmosphere, with the exclusion of living organisms, areas with continuous ice not covered by other material, and water bodies deeper than 2 m.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00001998
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail stream
  • Stream
    Linear body of water flowing on the Earth's surface.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000023
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail stream bank
  • Stream bank
    The sloping margin of a stream, serving to confine it to its natural channel.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000142
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail stream bank
  • Stream bank
    The sloping margin of a stream, serving to confine it to its natural channel.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000142
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail stream bed
  • Stream bed
    The channel bottom of a stream; the physical confine of the normal water flow.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000383
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail swale
  • Swale
    A low tract of land, especially when moist or marshy. The term can refer to a natural landscape feature or a human-created one. When created by humans, this open drain system is designed to manage water runoff.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000543
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail swamp
  • Swamp
    A wetland that features permanent inundation of large areas of land by shallow bodies of water, generally with a substantial number of hummocks, or dry-land protrusions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000233
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail swamp
  • Swamp
    A wetland that features permanent inundation of large areas of land by shallow bodies of water, generally with a substantial number of hummocks, or dry-land protrusions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000233
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail watercourse Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail watercourse Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail watercourse Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail wetland
  • Wetland
    An area that is inundated or saturated by surface or ground water at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that under normal circumstances do support, a prevalence of vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000043
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail wetland
  • Wetland
    An area that is inundated or saturated by surface or ground water at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that under normal circumstances do support, a prevalence of vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000043
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail wetland
  • Wetland
    An area that is inundated or saturated by surface or ground water at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that under normal circumstances do support, a prevalence of vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000043
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail woodland Environments - EOL project  
  • Wetland Indicator Status (NWPL)
    Five indicator statuses, or ratings, are used in the United States National Wetland Plant List to designate a plant species’ preference for occurrence in a wetland or upland: Upland (UPL), Facultative Upland (FACU), Facultative (FAC), Facultative Wetland (FACW), and Obligate Wetland (OBL). The statuses represent the estimated probability of a species occurring in wetlands versus nonwetlands in a region.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/WetlandIndicatorStatus
Wetland Indicator Status (NWPL)
Additional detail Facultative Wetland
  • Facultative Wetland
    Hydrophyte. Usually occur in wetlands, but may occur in non-wetlands.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nwpl_facw
National Wetland Plant List  
Additional detail Obligate Wetland National Wetland Plant List  
Additional detail Obligate Wetland National Wetland Plant List  
Additional detail Obligate Wetland National Wetland Plant List  
Additional detail Obligate Wetland National Wetland Plant List  
  • Interacts with
    an organism has an effect on another organism in the community.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/interactsWith
Interacts with
Additional detail A Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Cuckoo Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Cuckoo Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Cuckoo Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Cuckoo Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Cuckoo Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Halictid Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Halictid Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Longhorned Beetle GloBI  
Additional detail A Small Carpenter Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Sweat Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Sweat Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Sweat Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Sweat Bee GloBI  
Additional detail Allograpta obliqua GloBI  
Additional detail American Hover Fly GloBI  
Additional detail An Andrenid Bee GloBI  
Additional detail An Andrenid Bee GloBI  
Additional detail An Andrenid Bee GloBI  
Additional detail An Andrenid Bee GloBI  
Additional detail An Andrenid Bee GloBI  
Additional detail An Andrenid Bee GloBI  
Additional detail An Andrenid Bee GloBI  
Additional detail An Andrenid Bee GloBI  
Additional detail An Andrenid Bee GloBI  
Additional detail An Andrenid Bee GloBI  
Additional detail An Andrenid Bee GloBI  
Additional detail An Andrenid Bee GloBI  
Additional detail An Andrenid Bee GloBI  
Additional detail An Andrenid Bee GloBI  
Additional detail Ancistrocerus GloBI  
Additional detail Andrena rubi GloBI  
Additional detail Andrenine Bees GloBI  
Additional detail Anthomyiid Flies, Dung Flies GloBI  
Additional detail Archytas analis GloBI  
Additional detail Augochlorella striata GloBI  
Additional detail Bee Fly GloBI  
Additional detail Bees GloBI  
Additional detail Bees GloBI  
Additional detail Bibio GloBI  
Additional detail Bibio albipennis GloBI  
Additional detail Bibio pallipes GloBI  
Additional detail Blowflies GloBI  
Additional detail Bombus (Bombus) Latreille 1802 GloBI  
Additional detail Braconid Wasps GloBI  
Additional detail Bumble Bees GloBI  
Additional detail Carpenter Bee GloBI  
Additional detail Ceratinini GloBI  
Additional detail Cheilosia capillata GloBI  
Additional detail Cheilosia punctulata GloBI  
Additional detail Chrysogaster antitheus GloBI  
Additional detail Common Banded Hoverfly GloBI  
Additional detail Common Buttonbush GloBI  
Additional detail Dance-flies GloBI  
Additional detail Darling Underwing GloBI  
Additional detail Diurnal Fireflies GloBI  
Additional detail Dung-flies GloBI  
Additional detail Eristalinus aeneus GloBI  
Additional detail Eristalis arbustorum GloBI  
Additional detail Eristalis dimidiata GloBI  
Additional detail European Honey Bee GloBI  
Additional detail Flower Flies and Hoverflies GloBI  
Additional detail Greater Bee Fly GloBI  
Additional detail Gymnosoma fuliginosum GloBI  
Additional detail Helophilus fasciatus GloBI  
Additional detail Hornets, Hornets and Yellowjackets, Paper Wasps, Potter Wasps, and Yellowjackets GloBI  
Additional detail House Flies GloBI  
Additional detail Leaf Beetles GloBI  
Additional detail Leafcutting Bees GloBI  
Additional detail Lightning Bug GloBI  
Additional detail Linnaemya comta GloBI  
Additional detail Long-horned Beetles GloBI  
Additional detail Lopidea salicis GloBI  
Additional detail Lygidea obscura GloBI  
Additional detail Masked Bees GloBI  
Additional detail Mining Bees GloBI  
Additional detail Mourning Cloak GloBI  
Additional detail Myopa vesiculosa GloBI  
Additional detail Myopa vicaria GloBI  
Additional detail Narrowleaf Willow GloBI  
Additional detail Neomyia cornicina GloBI  
Additional detail Nomada GloBI  
Additional detail Nomadini GloBI  
Additional detail North American Wood Turtle GloBI  
Additional detail Northern Willow Hairstreak GloBI  
Additional detail Orthotylus modestus GloBI  
Additional detail Orthotylus neglectus GloBI  
Additional detail Orthotylus viridis GloBI  
Additional detail Osmia lignaria lignaria GloBI  
Additional detail Osmiini GloBI  
Additional detail Planertree GloBI  
Additional detail Plasterer Bees GloBI  
Additional detail Polyester Bee GloBI  
Additional detail Potter Wasps GloBI  
Additional detail Psilota buccata GloBI  
Additional detail Red Maple GloBI  
Additional detail Red Mulberry GloBI  
Additional detail Rhamphomyia GloBI  
Additional detail Rhamphomyia limbata GloBI  
Additional detail Rhamphomyia priapulus GloBI  
Additional detail Rhamphomyia sordida GloBI  
Additional detail Scathophaga GloBI  
Additional detail Seedcorn Maggot GloBI  
Additional detail Shiny Bluebottle Fly GloBI  
Additional detail Siphona geniculata GloBI  
Additional detail Small Carpenter Bees GloBI  
Additional detail Small Mining Bees GloBI  
Additional detail Snapping Turtle GloBI  
Additional detail Sphaerophoria contiqua GloBI  
Additional detail Striped Cucumber Beetle GloBI  
Additional detail Swamp Privet GloBI  
Additional detail Sweat Bee GloBI  
Additional detail Syritta pipiens GloBI  
Additional detail Tachinid Flies GloBI  
Additional detail The Sweetheart Underwing GloBI  
Additional detail Thick-headed Fly GloBI  
Additional detail Toxomerus marginatus GloBI  
Additional detail Uncinula adunca var. adunca GloBI  
Additional detail Viceroy GloBI  
Additional detail Water Locust GloBI  
Additional detail Whites and Sulphurs GloBI  
Additional detail Willow Sawfly GloBI  
Additional detail Yellow-faced Bees GloBI  
Additional detail Zodion fulvifrons GloBI  
  • Has parasite
    non-mutual relationship between organisms of different species where one organism, the parasite, benefits at the expense of the other, the host.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/hasParasite
Has parasite
Additional detail Erysiphe adunca var. adunca GloBI  
  • Interacts with
    an organism has an effect on another organism in the community.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/interactsWithreverse
Interacts with
Additional detail A Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Cuckoo Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Cuckoo Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Cuckoo Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Cuckoo Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Cuckoo Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Halictid Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Halictid Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Longhorned Beetle GloBI  
Additional detail A Small Carpenter Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Sweat Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Sweat Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Sweat Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Sweat Bee GloBI  
Additional detail Allograpta obliqua GloBI  
Additional detail American Elm GloBI  
Additional detail American Hover Fly GloBI  
Additional detail American Lady GloBI  
Additional detail American Sycamore GloBI  
Additional detail An Andrenid Bee GloBI  
Additional detail An Andrenid Bee GloBI  
Additional detail An Andrenid Bee GloBI  
Additional detail An Andrenid Bee GloBI  
Additional detail An Andrenid Bee GloBI  
Additional detail An Andrenid Bee GloBI  
Additional detail An Andrenid Bee GloBI  
Additional detail An Andrenid Bee GloBI  
Additional detail An Andrenid Bee GloBI  
Additional detail An Andrenid Bee GloBI  
Additional detail An Andrenid Bee GloBI  
Additional detail An Andrenid Bee GloBI  
Additional detail Ancistrocerus adiabatus GloBI  
Additional detail Andrena rubi GloBI  
Additional detail Archytas analis GloBI  
Additional detail Bibio albipennis GloBI  
Additional detail Bibio pallipes GloBI  
Additional detail Black Willow GloBI  
Additional detail Black Willow GloBI  
Additional detail Brown-belted Bumble Bee GloBI  
Additional detail Cheilosia capillata GloBI  
Additional detail Cheilosia punctulata GloBI  
Additional detail Chrysogaster antitheus GloBI  
Additional detail Common Banded Hoverfly GloBI  
Additional detail Common Sulphur GloBI  
Additional detail Eristalinus aeneus GloBI  
Additional detail Eristalis arbustorum GloBI  
Additional detail Eristalis dimidiata GloBI  
Additional detail European Honey Bee GloBI  
Additional detail Greater Bee Fly GloBI  
Additional detail Green Ash GloBI  
Additional detail Gymnosoma fuliginosum GloBI  
Additional detail Helophilus fasciatus GloBI  
Additional detail Linnaemya comta GloBI  
Additional detail Myopa vesiculosa GloBI  
Additional detail Myopa vicaria GloBI  
Additional detail Neomyia cornicina GloBI  
Additional detail Nuttall's Oak GloBI  
Additional detail Ogeechee Tupelo GloBI  
Additional detail Polyester Bee GloBI  
Additional detail Psilota buccata GloBI  
Additional detail Pumpkin Ash GloBI  
Additional detail Question Mark GloBI  
Additional detail Rhamphomyia limbata GloBI  
Additional detail Rhamphomyia priapulus GloBI  
Additional detail Rhamphomyia sordida GloBI  
Additional detail River Birch GloBI  
Additional detail Scathophaga furcata GloBI  
Additional detail Seedcorn Maggot GloBI  
Additional detail Shiny Bluebottle Fly GloBI  
Additional detail Siphona geniculata GloBI  
Additional detail Sphaerophoria contiqua GloBI  
Additional detail Striped Cucumber Beetle GloBI  
Additional detail Swamp Post Oak GloBI  
Additional detail Swamp White Oak GloBI  
Additional detail Syritta pipiens GloBI  
Additional detail Toxomerus marginatus GloBI  
Additional detail Water-tupelo GloBI  
Additional detail Winter Firefly GloBI  
Additional detail Zodion fulvifrons GloBI  
Fire resistance
Additional detail is not fire resistant USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • Allelopathic effect
    This is an assay of any direct or indirect, harmful or beneficial effect of one plant on another through the production of chemical compounds (allelochemicals) that escape in the environment.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/TO_0000624
Allelopathic effect
Additional detail no known allelopathy
  • No known allelopathy
    There is no evidence that the organism produces compounds (allelochemicals) that influence the growth, survival, and reproduction of other organisms.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/allelopathyUnknown
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Soil requirements
Additional detail adapted to coarse textured soils
  • Adapted to coarse textured soils
    This plan can establish and grow in soil with a coarse textured surface layer. Includes: Sand, Coarse sand, Fine sand, Loamy coarse sand, Loamy fine sand, Loamy very fine sand, Very fine sand, Loamy sand.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/coarseSoilYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail adapted to fine textured soils
  • Adapted to fine textured soils
    This plan can establish and grow in soil with a fine textured surface layer. Includes: Sandy clay, Silty clay, Clay.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/fineSoilYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail adapted to medium textured soils
  • Adapted to medium textured soils
    This plan can establish and grow in soil with a medium textured surface layer. Includes: Silt, Sandy clay loam, Very fine sandy loam, Silty clay loam, Silt loam, Loam, Fine sandy loam, Sandy loam, Coarse sandy loam.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/mediumSoilYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Anaerobic soil tolerance
Additional detail high tolerance
  • High tolerance
    increased tolerance to: A tolerance quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's increased ability to endure a stimulus.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002393
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Drought tolerance
Additional detail low tolerance
  • Low tolerance
    decreased tolerance to: A tolerance quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's decreased ability to endure a stimulus.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002394
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • Calcareous soil tolerance
    The relative tolerance of the plant to calcareous soil. Calcareous soil is defined as soil containing sufficient free CaCO3 and other carbonates to effervesce visibly or audibly when treated with cold 0.1M HCl. These soils usually contain from 10 to almost 1000g/kg CaCO3 equivalent.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/CalcareousSoilTolerance
Calcareous soil tolerance
Additional detail low tolerance
  • Low tolerance
    decreased tolerance to: A tolerance quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's decreased ability to endure a stimulus.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002394
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Moisture use
Additional detail high
  • High
    An elevated level or position or degree; greater than normal in degree or intensity or amount.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C25227
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Salt tolerance
Additional detail medium (normal)
  • Medium (normal)
    Average. A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's exhibiting no deviation from normal or average.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000461
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Shade tolerance
Additional detail low tolerance
  • Low tolerance
    decreased tolerance to: A tolerance quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's decreased ability to endure a stimulus.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002394
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  

Life History and Behavior

Data about <i>Salix nigra</i>
Life cycle habit
Additional detail perennial
  • Perennial
    Of plant duration, a plant whose life span extends over more than two growing seasons, c.f. annual, biennial, ephemeral, of flowering with respect to architecture, hapaxanthic, monocarpic, pleonanthic
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/perennial
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Shedability
Additional detail deciduous
  • Deciduous
    Deciduous (plant): A quality inhering in a plant by virtue of the bearer's disposition to shed foliage.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001731
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Bloom period
Additional detail early spring
  • Early spring
    The early part of the season between the vernal equinox and the summer solstice.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/earlySpring
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Active growth period
Additional detail spring and summer USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Growth rate
Additional detail fast USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Life span
Additional detail low life span
  • Low life span
    Decreased life span: A life span which is relatively low.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001604
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Grass growth type
Additional detail not a low growing grass
  • Not a low growing grass
    The growing point (terminal meristem) of the vegetative grass tiller does not remain at or near the crown.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/lowGrowingGrassNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Resprout ability after clipping
Additional detail will resprout
  • Will resprout
    The plant will resprout following top (above ground biomass) removal.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/ResproutYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Germination requirements
Additional detail cold stratification not required
  • Cold stratification not required
    Cold stratification does not significantly increasesthe seed germination percentage of this plant.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/coldStratificationNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Fire tolerance
Additional detail low tolerance
  • Low tolerance
    decreased tolerance to: A tolerance quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's decreased ability to endure a stimulus.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002394
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Fruit/seed abundance
Additional detail high
  • High
    An elevated level or position or degree; greater than normal in degree or intensity or amount.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C25227
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Seed period end
Additional detail summer
  • Summer
    The season between the summer solstice and the autumnal equinox.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C94732
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Seed period begin
Additional detail spring
  • Spring
    The season between the vernal equinox and the summer solstice.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C94731
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Fruit/seed persistence
Additional detail fruit/seed is not persistent
  • Fruit/seed is not persistent
    The fruit or seed is not persistent on the plant.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/fruitPersistentNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Seeds per pound average
Additional detail 2,500,000 USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Seed spread rate
Additional detail slow USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Seedling survival
Additional detail low
  • Low
    A minimum level or position or degree; less than normal in degree, intensity or amount.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C54722
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Vegetative spread rate
Additional detail slow USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  

Physiology and Cell Biology

Data about <i>Salix nigra</i>
  • Soil pH
    The soil pH, of the top 12 inches of soil, within the plant’s known geographical range. For cultivars, the geographical range is defined as the area to which the cultivar is well adapted rather than marginally adapted.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/SoilPH
Soil pH min
Additional detail 4.8 USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
max Additional detail 8 USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • Nitrogen fixation
    The process in which nitrogen is taken from its relatively inert molecular form (N2) in the atmosphere and converted into nitrogen compounds useful for other chemical processes, such as ammonia, nitrate and nitrogen dioxide.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0009399
Nitrogen fixation
Additional detail none USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Primary macronutrient requirements
Additional detail medium
  • Medium
    Mid-way between small and large in number, quantity, magnitude or extent.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C49507
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  

Conservation

Data about <i>Salix nigra</i>
Extinction status
Additional detail extant IRMNG  

Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Data about <i>Salix nigra</i>
  • Invasive/noxious listings
    Indicates whether a taxon is listed on a global or regional list of invasive organisms or whether it has special legal status due to its negative impact on human welfare or ecosystems.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/InvasiveNoxiousStatus
Invasive/noxious listings
Additional detail Noxious Weed List for Australian States and Territories
  • Noxious Weed List for Australian States and Territories
    Organism is listed in the Noxious Weed List for Australian States and Territories. Australian Weeds Committee. 2012. Noxious Weed List for Australian States and Territories. Version 26b.00. http://www.weeds.org.au/docs/weednet6.pdf
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/australiaNoxiousWeed
Global Invasive Species Listings  
Livestock bloat potential
Additional detail none USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Horticulture
Additional detail flower is not conspicuous
  • Flower is not conspicuous
    Flowers are not conspicuous from a landscaping aesthetics standpoint.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/flowerConspicuousNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail fruit/seed is not conspicuous
  • Fruit/seed is not conspicuous
    The fruit or seed is not conspicuous from a landscaping aesthetics standpoint.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/fruitSeedConspicuousNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail is not fall conspicuous
  • Is not fall conspicuous
    The leaves or fruits are not conspicuous during Autumn from a landscaping aesthetics standpoint.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/fallConspicuousNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail suitable for the coppice method of silviculture
  • Suitable for the coppice method of silviculture
    The plant is suitable for the coppice method of silviculture. Coppicing completely removes the canopy of woody plants, cutting them at or just above ground level.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/coppicePotentialYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • Foliage porosity winter
    Indicates the porosity (coverage) of the foliage during the winter months. Foliage porosity is an important factor when trees or shrubs are used as windbreaks for the protection of crops and livestock shelters. Denser (or less porous) foliage allows more wind to pass through.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/FoliagePorosityWinter
Foliage porosity winter
Additional detail porous
  • Porous
    A porosity quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's being capable of admitting the passage of gas or liquid through pores or interstices.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000984
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • Foliage porosity summer
    Indicates the porosity (coverage) of the foliage during the summer months. Foliage porosity is an important factor when trees or shrubs are used as windbreaks for the protection of crops and livestock shelters. Denser (or less porous) foliage allows more wind to pass through.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/FoliagePorositySummer
Foliage porosity summer
Additional detail moderately porous
  • Moderately porous
    A porosity quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's being incapable of admitting the passage of gas or liquid through pores or interstices.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/moderatePorosity
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Human/livestock toxicity
Additional detail none USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Hedge tolerance
Additional detail none USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Planting density max
Additional detail 1,200 per acre USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
min Additional detail 300 per acre USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Commercial availability
Additional detail routinely available
  • Routinely available
    The plant is routinely available commercially.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/routinelyAvailable
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Plant propagation method
Additional detail not propogated by bulbs
  • Not propogated by bulbs
    It is not practical to propagate this plant as bulbs.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedByBulbsNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not propogated by corms
  • Not propogated by corms
    It is not practical to propagate this plant as corms.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedByCormsNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not propogated by seed
  • Not propogated by seed
    It is not practical to propagate this plant by seed.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedBySeedNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not propogated by sod
  • Not propogated by sod
    This plant does not lend itself to being developed as a sod product.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedBySodNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not propogated by sprigs
  • Not propogated by sprigs
    It is not practical to propagate this plant by sprigs.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedBySprigsNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not propogated by tubers
  • Not propogated by tubers
    It is not practical to propagate this plant by tubers.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedByTubersNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail propogated by bare root
  • Propogated by bare root
    It is practical to propagate this plant as a bare root product.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedByBareRootYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail propogated by container
  • Propogated by container
    This plant lends itself to being developed as a container product.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedByContainerYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail propogated by cuttings
  • Propogated by cuttings
    It is practical to propagate this plant as either stem or root cuttings.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedByCuttingsYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Grain type
Additional detail is not a small grain
  • Is not a small grain
    The plant is not a small grain. A small grain is a cereal (as wheat, oats, barley, rye, rice) having relatively small kernels or sometimes a relatively small plant as distinguished from a plant (as corn) with large kernels or sometimes from a cereal (as sorghum) with a large plant but small kernels or from a similarly cultured and used seed (as soybean) with a relatively small plant and large seeds.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/smallGrainNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Uses
Additional detail no berries, nuts, seeds, or fruits palatable to humans
  • No berries, nuts, seeds, or fruits palatable to humans
    The plant does not produce berries, nuts, seeds, or fruits that are palatable to humans.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/palatableHumansNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not suitable as berry/nut/seed product
  • Not suitable as berry/nut/seed product
    This woody perennial is not suitable for the commercial production of either berries, nuts, or seeds. Herbaceous plants are scored "not suitable” here by default.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/berryNutSeedNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not suitable as Christmas tree product
  • Not suitable as Christmas tree product
    The plant is not known to be suitable for the Christmas tree market.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/christmasTreeNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not suitable as lumber product
  • Not suitable as lumber product
    The plant is not suitable, and has no potential, for use as a commercial lumber producer.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/lumberNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not suitable as post product
  • Not suitable as post product
    The tree or shrub is not commonly used and does not have high potential for the production of posts, poles, mine timbers, or railroad ties. Plants other than trees and shrubs are scored “not suitable” here by default.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/postProductNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not suitable as veneer product
  • Not suitable as veneer product
    The tree is not commonly used and does not have high potential to be used for commercial veneer or plywood. Plants other than trees are scored “not suitable” here by default.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/veneerNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not suitable for naval store products
  • Not suitable for naval store products
    This woody perennial is not suitable for production of naval store products. Navel Store Products are defined as tar, pitch, turpentine, pine oil, rosin, and terpenes obtained from pine and other coniferous trees. Herbaceous plants are scored "not suitable” here by default.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/navalStoreNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not used as fodder product
  • Not used as fodder product
    The plant is not known to be used as animal fodder material. The definition of fodder from the Crop Science Society of America is: Coarse grasses such as corn or sorghum harvested with the seed and leaves green or alive, then cured and fed in their entirety as forage.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/fodderNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail suitable as nursery stock product
  • Suitable as nursery stock product
    This plant is suitable for production of nursery stock.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nurseryStockYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail suitable as pulpwood product
  • Suitable as pulpwood product
    The woody perennial is commonly used or has high potential to be used for the production of pulpwood. Herbaceous plants are scored "not suitable" here by default.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/pulpwoodYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • Fuelwood suitability
    The relative suitability or potential of a tree or shrub to produce fuelwood. If suitability is unknown, fuelwood potential is expressed in terms of weight (in lbs) per cubic foot of green wood. Relative values correspond to these numerical ranges: Low: <28; Medium: 28-35; High: >35. Plants other than trees and shrubs are left blank here.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/FuelwoodSuitability
Fuelwood suitability
Additional detail low
  • Low
    A minimum level or position or degree; less than normal in degree, intensity or amount.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C54722
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Browse animal palatability
Additional detail low
  • Low
    A minimum level or position or degree; less than normal in degree, intensity or amount.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C54722
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Graze animal palatability
Additional detail low
  • Low
    A minimum level or position or degree; less than normal in degree, intensity or amount.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C54722
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Protein potential
Additional detail low
  • Low
    A minimum level or position or degree; less than normal in degree, intensity or amount.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C54722
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Not invasive in
Additional detail United States (USA) US Forest Service Fire Effects Information Service  

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