Overview

Distribution

National Distribution

United States

Origin: Native

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Present

Confidence: Confident

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Fla.; s Mexico; West Indies; Central America (Belize, Guatemala).
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Physical Description

Morphology

Description

Plants with branches spreading, to 10(-18) m. Stems: bark light gray, peeling off in short flakes, inner bark light brown; twigs green or grayish green when young, gray or whitish gray at maturity, glabrous or nearly so. Leaves: those of adventitious or juvenile shoots often much larger and of different shape from those of normal shoots; ocrea persistent proximally, deciduous distally, tan or brown, cylindric, 3-5 mm, coriaceous proximally, membranous distally, margins oblique, glabrous or puberulent; petiole 5-15 mm, glabrous or puberulent; blade pale green abaxially, green to dark green adaxially, lanceolate, ovate, obovate, or elliptic, (3-)5-10(-13) × (1-)3-5(-7) cm, length usually 2-3 times width, coriaceous, base acute to obtuse, margins often revolute, apex acuminate to obtuse or blunt, abaxial surface dull, adaxial surface shiny, minutely punctate, glabrous. Inflorescences (1.5-)3-10(-18) cm, glabrous, pistillate spreading or pendent in fruit; peduncle 1-6 cm, glabrous. Pedicels 1-3 mm, glabrous. Flowers: tepals round to broadly elliptic, margins entire, apex obtuse. Staminate flowers 1-3 per ocreate fascicle. Pistillate flowers: tube spherical to obpyriform, 9-14 × 6-10 mm, becoming fleshy. Achenes 6-10 × 6-9 mm, shiny. 2n = 22 (West Indies).
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Type Information

Isotype for Coccoloba floridana Meisn. in DC.
Catalog Number: US 511983
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Original publication and alleged type specimen examined
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): F. Rugel
Year Collected: 1842
Locality: Florida, United States, North America
  • Isotype: Meisner, C. F. 1866. Prodr. 14: 165.
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Ecology

Habitat

Sandy coastal hummocks, limestone forests; 0-10m.
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Depth range based on 6 specimens in 1 taxon.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0.5 - 0.5
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Life History and Behavior

Cyclicity

Flowering/Fruiting

Flowering year-round.
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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: N2 - Imperiled

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: G5 - Secure

Reasons: Southern Florida including Florida Keys, Bahamas, Greater Antilles, St. Croix, and Lesser Antilles. Found in both the moist and dry limestone forest regions of Puerto Rico.

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Wikipedia

Coccoloba diversifolia

Coccoloba diversifolia, commonly known as pigeonplum, doveplum, pigeon Seagrape or tietongue, is a species of the genus Coccoloba native to coastal areas of the Caribbean, Central America (Belize, Guatemala), southern Mexico, southern Florida (coastal regions from Cape Canaveral to the Florida Keys) and The Bahamas.[1][2][3]

Description[edit]

Coccoloba diversifolia is a small to medium-sized tree growing to 10 m (rarely to 18 m) tall. The bark is light gray, smooth, and thin but may become scaly on the largest trees. The leaves are 3–13 cm long and 1–7 cm broad, smooth edged, wavy, oval to oblong, rounded or pointed on the ends, leathery, brighter green above and paler below; leaves on young plants and root sprouts are larger than those on mature plants.

The flowers numerous inconspicuous appear on spikes 1.5–18 cm long in the spring. The fruit is an achene 6–10 mm long surrounded by a dark purple edible fleshy perianth, ripening in the fall. The tree is unable to survive hard frost. It is resistant to high winds, salt and drought.[1][4][5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Flora of North America: Coccoloba diversifolia
  2. ^ Germplasm Resources Information Network: Coccoloba diversifolia
  3. ^ Florida Institute for Systematic Botany: Coccoloba diversifolia
  4. ^ Florida Institute for Systematic Botany: Coccoloba diversifolia images
  5. ^ Bush, C. S.; Morton, J. F. (1969). Native Trees and Plants for Florida Landscaping. Florida Department of Agriculture. pp. 35–36. 
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Notes

Comments

The wood of Coccoloba diversifolia has a specific gravity of 0.8 and is strong and brittle (E. L. Little Jr. et al. 1969).
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