Regularity: Regularly occurring
Global Range: Range includes Lanai & Maui. Historical range included Hawaii. Collection cited in U82FUN01 from Oahu is very likely cultivated.
Comments: Dry shrublands, including ones that are now dominated by alien plant species. Gulches, plateau lands, and old lava flows.
Habitat and Ecology
Number of Occurrences
Note: For many non-migratory species, occurrences are roughly equivalent to populations.
Estimated Number of Occurrences: 6 - 20
Comments: 9 current (between 1982 and 1997) and 3 historical occurrences.
National NatureServe Conservation Status
Rounded National Status Rank: N1 - Critically Imperiled
NatureServe Conservation Status
Rounded Global Status Rank: G1 - Critically Imperiled
Reasons: Endemic to the islands of Oahu, Maui, Lanai, and Hawaii, this species numbers fewer than 500 plants. Throughout the Hawaiian Islands, the species' low elevation dry habitat has been destroyed or altered by agriculture, urban development, alien plants and animals, and fire.
IUCN Red List Assessment
Red List Category
Red List Criteria
Date Listed: 09/26/1986
Lead Region: Pacific Region (Region 1)
Listing status: E
For most current information and documents related to the conservation status and management of Abutilon menziesii, see its USFWS Species Profile
Comments: Habitat destruction and alteration by conversion to agricultural uses and herbivory by feral animals (cattle, axis deer).
Biological Research Needs: Reproductive biology and population ecology.
It inhabits dry forests on the islands of Lānaʻi, Maui, Oʻahu and Hawaiʻi. It is classified as critically endangered by the IUCN Red List; only about 450–500 plants remain in fewer than ten naturally occurring populations throughout the islands. The rarity of this plant can be attributed to the alteration of its habitat for agricultural and urban development, overgrazing by livestock and feral animals, and competition from invasive weeds. A conservation plan is being implemented by federal and state agencies to protect remaining habitat, establish new populations, and conserve genetic material in seed banks and botanical gardens.
Names and Taxonomy
Comments: GENUS DISTRIBUTED OVER WARM REGIONS, SPECIES FOUND ON LANAI & MAUI; HISTORICAL RANGE INCLUDED HAWAII. BATES IN WAGNER ET AL. IS MAINTAINING THIS SPECIES.
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