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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Miscellaneous Details

"Notes: Western Ghats, High Altitude, Weed of cultivation"
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© India Biodiversity Portal

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Derivation of specific name

verticillata: whorled (leaves)
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© Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten and Petra Ballings

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Distribution

National Distribution

Canada

Origin: Exotic

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

United States

Origin: Exotic

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

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National Distribution

Canada

Origin: Exotic

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

United States

Origin: Exotic

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

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Karnataka: Chikmagalur Tamil Nadu: Nilgiri
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Europe, Egypt, Abyssinia, Himalaya (Kashmir to Bhutan), India, China, N.E. Asia, occasionally cultivated.
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© Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA

Source: Missouri Botanical Garden

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Physical Description

Morphology

Description

Herbs biennial, 50-100(-120) cm tall; stem sparsely stellate velutinous. Stipules ovate-lanceolate, 3-5 × 2-4 mm, stellate puberulent; petiole 2-8(-15) cm, puberulent in adaxial groove, glabrescent; leaf blade reniform or round, (3-)5-11 × (2-)5-11 cm, both surfaces very sparsely strigose or subglabrous, 5-7-lobed, lobes rounded or acute, margin crenate-serrate. Flowers 3- to many-fascicled, axillary. Pedicels 2-15(-40) mm. Epicalyx lobes filiform-lanceolate, (3-)5-6 mm, ciliate. Calyx cup-shaped, 5-8 mm, lobes broadly triangular, sparsely stellate strigose. Corolla whitish to reddish, slightly longer than sepals; petals 6-8 mm, apex retuse; claw glabrous or sparsely hairy. Filament tube 3-4 mm, glabrous or with a few simple hairs. Style branches 10-11. Schizocarp flat-globose, 5-7 mm in diam.; mericarps 10-12, abaxially smooth, ca. 1 mm thick, angles rounded and rugose, sides reticulate. Seeds purple-brown, reniform, ca. 1.5 mm in diam., glabrous. Fl. Mar-Nov.
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Description

Annual or biennial herb, 0.5-2.5 m tall. Stem green to purplish stellate hairy, glabrescent. Leaves usually orbicular, 3-23 cm long, 4-25 cm broad, cordate or subtruncate at base, upper surface with sparse simple or 2-rayed hair, glabrescent, lower with stellate simple or 2-rayed hairs, more hairy than above coarsely crenate-dentate, usually 5 lobed; stipule lanceolate, 5 mm long, c. 4 mm borad, glabrous except long ciliate margin; petiole 4-24 cm long, densely tomentose above, elsewhere glabrescent except the groove. Flowers axillary, 2-many, loose or compact; pedicel visible or not sparsely stellate hairy 3-5 (-10) mm long. Epicalyx segments linear or linear-lanceolate 3-6 mm long, 1-1.5 mm broad, glabrescent, margin ciliate. Calyx free to halfway down; sepals 5-6 mm long, 3-4 mm broad, very sparsely stellate hairy without finely reticulately veined accrescent in fruit, up to 12 mm long and 8 mm broad; lobes deltoid with long ciliate margin. Petals 7-9 mm long, purplish glabrous clawed, slightly notched. Staminal column 4.5mm long glabrous or simple hairy above, Fruit enclosed in accrescent calyx, 5-7 mm across; mericarps 10-12, glabrous, rugose on the margins, centrally grooved or smooth on the dorsal side, radially rugose, c.2 mm across in all directions. Seed dark brown-black c.1-1.5 mm long and broad, glabrous.
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Elevation Range

2100-3000 m
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Diagnostic Description

Diagnostic

Habit: Erect Herb
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat & Distribution

Hills, plains, also cultivated and becoming weedy. Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hebei, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Bhutan, India, Korea, Mongolia, Myanmar, Pakistan; E Africa (Ethiopia), Europe; invasive weed in North America].
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Malva verticillata

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 2
Species With Barcodes: 1
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© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

Canada

Rounded National Status Rank: NNA - Not Applicable

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNA - Not Applicable

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: GNR - Not Yet Ranked

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National NatureServe Conservation Status

Canada

Rounded National Status Rank: NNA - Not Applicable

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNA - Not Applicable

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: GNR - Not Yet Ranked

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Management

These species are introduced in Switzerland.
  • Aeschimann, D. & C. Heitz. 2005. Synonymie-Index der Schweizer Flora und der angrenzenden Gebiete (SISF). 2te Auflage. Documenta Floristicae Helvetiae N° 2. Genève.   http://www.crsf.ch/ External link.
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© Info Flora (CRSF/ZDSF) & Autoren 2005

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Wikipedia

Malva verticillata

Malva verticillata, also known as the Chinese mallow is a species of the mallow genus Malva in the family of Malvaceae found in East Asia. M. verticillata is an annual or biennial that grow up to 1.7 meters in high and can inhabit woodland areas of different soil types. In temperate climates, it flowers from July to September and the seeds from August to October. The flowers of the plant are self-fertile but can be also propagated by insects.[1]

The plant was an important leaf vegetable in pre-Han Dynasty China and widely cultivated.[2] Mallow is mentioned in Huangdi Neijing as one of the five consumable herbs (五菜) which included mallow (葵), pea leaves (藿), Allium macrostemon (薤), Welsh onion (蔥) and Garlic chives (韭). [3]

M. verticillata flower 
M. verticillata leaves 
M. verticillata aerial portions 

References[edit]

  1. ^ Malva verticillata - L., Plants For A Future, 
  2. ^ Anderson, Eugene N. (1988), The Food of China, Yale University Press 
  3. ^ 古代五菜, 2010-03-04 
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Notes

Comments

This species is similar to Malva parviflora but differs in having a glabrous staminal column and obviously reticulate mericarps.
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© Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA

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