Overview

Distribution

National Distribution

United States

Origin: Native

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Present

Confidence: Confident

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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
Recorded from seepage areas and savanna bogs.

Systems
  • Terrestrial
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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: N4 - Apparently Secure

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: G4 - Apparently Secure

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IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LR/lc
Lower Risk/least concern

Red List Criteria

Version
2.3

Year Assessed
2000
  • Needs updating

Assessor/s
Schnell, D., Catling, P., Folkerts, G., Frost, C., Gardner, R. & et al.

Reviewer/s
Von Arx, B. & Groves, M. (Carnivorous Plants Red List Authority)

Contributor/s
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Threats

Major Threats
This species is subject to a variety of threats including the loss or degradation of wetland habitat, often through conversion for cultivation, housing, and the development of recreational areas; direct use of and drift from herbicides (particularly on roadside areas); invasive exotic species such as kudzu Pueraria lobata, Chinese privet, and Japanese Honeysuckle Microstigium; suppression and elimination of the natural processes essential for the maintenance of bog habitat (for example, through fire, or the activities of beavers); and direct collection of the species (more recently, seed collection has threatened smaller subpopulations).
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
S. psittacina is currently listed on CITES Appendix II.
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Wikipedia

Sarracenia psittacina

Sarracenia psittacina, also known as the parrot pitcher plant, is a carnivorous plant in the genus Sarracenia. Like all the Sarracenia, it is native to North America, in the Southeastern United States.

Sarracenia psittacina employs the same trapping mechanism as Darlingtonia californica, using a small entrance in the pitcher mouth, which prey goes through in search of more nectar that was produced by the plant on the rim of the pitcher mouth. The prey is then confused by light shining through what appear to be false exits (or "windows") and crawls toward the brighter area down into the pitcher. Criss-crossed downward-facing hairs densely line the interior of the pitcher, forcing the prey further into the pitcher to an area where digestive enzymes such as proteases are prevalent in the liquid.

This species is frequently submerged in its native habitat and will capture water arthropods and tadpoles, for example, while submerged.[1][2]

Infraspecific taxa[edit]

  • Sarracenia psittacina f. heterophylla J. & J.Ainsworth (1996) nom.nud.
  • Sarracenia psittacina var. minor Hook. (1834)

References[edit]

  1. ^ D'Amato, Peter. 1998. The Savage Garden: Cultivating Carnivorous Plants. Ten Speed Press, Berkeley. ISBN 0-89815-915-6
  2. ^ Schnell, Donald E. 2002. Carnivorous Plants of the United States and Canada, Second Edition. Timber Press: Portland, Oregon.
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