Regularity: Regularly occurring
Regularity: Regularly occurring
Localities documented in Tropicos sources
Canada (North America)
United States (North America)
Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
- Anonymous. 1986. List-Based Rec., Soil Conserv. Serv., U.S.D.A. Database of the U.S.D.A., Beltsville. http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/1103
- Voss, E. G. 1985. Michigan Flora. Part II Dicots (Saururaceae-Cornaceae). Bull. Cranbrook Inst. Sci. 59. xix + 724. http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/1700
- McKinney, L. E. & N. H. Russell. 2002. Violaceae of the Southestern United States. Castanea 67(4): 369–379. http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/1024988
- Radford, A. E., H. E. Ahles & C. R. Bell. 1968. Man. Vasc. Fl. Carolinas i–lxi, 1–1183. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill. http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/636
- Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Man. Vasc. Pl. Texas i–xv, 1–1881. The University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson. http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/1493
- Small, J. K. 1933. Man. S.E. Fl. i–xxii, 1–1554. Published by the Author, New York. http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/1515
- Great Plains Flora Association. 1986. Fl. Great Plains i–vii, 1–1392. University Press of Kansas, Lawrence. http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/637
Flower-Visiting Insects of Bird's Foot Violet in Illinois
(Bees usually suck nectar, but sometimes collect pollen; Syrphid flies feed on stray pollen [fsp] and are non-pollinating; other insects suck nectar; one observation is from Swengel & Swengel as indicated below, otherwise observations are from Robertson)
Apidae (Apinae): Apis mellifera sn; Apidae (Bombini): Bombus griseocallis sn, Bombus impatiens sn, Bombus pensylvanica sn fq; Anthophoridae (Anthophorini): Anthophora ursina sn cp fq; Anthophoridae (Eucerini): Synhalonia speciosa sn
Syrphidae: Eristalis stipator fsp np
Lycaenidae: Lycaeides melissa samuelis sn (Sw); Pieridae: Colias philodice sn, Pieris rapae sn
Hesperiidae: Erynnis brizo sn, Erynnis icelus sn, Erynnis juvenalis sn
Noctuidae: Anagrapha falcifera sn
Molecular Biology and Genetics
Statistics of barcoding coverage: Viola pedata
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 3
Species With Barcodes: 1
National NatureServe Conservation Status
Rounded National Status Rank: N1 - Critically Imperiled
Rounded National Status Rank: NNR - Unranked
Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems
Viola pedata (birdsfoot violet, bird's-foot violet) is an ornamental plant in the Violaceae family, is also known as the "mountain pansy" is endemic to eastern North America. It favors well drained, acidic soils in full to partial sun environments. It is difficult to cultivate in typical garden environments because of an intolerance to rich, organic garden soils as well as excess moisture.
Two primary color forms exist, Viola pedata var. lineariloba ("concolor"), which is a solid pink-lilac-lavendar color, and var. pedata ("bicolor"), in which the superior petals are a deep red-purple and the lateral and interior petals are similar to the concolor variety. Less common is Viola pedata var. linearloba forma alba, which is a white flowered form.
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