Regularity: Regularly occurring
Distribution: In coastal pastures in southern Puerto Rico. Also on Tortola. Native to Africa, but naturalized throughout the tropics.
Cucumis dipsaceus Ehrenb. ex Spach, Hist. Nat. Veg. 6: 211. 1838.
Herbaceous vine, creeping or climbing by axillary tendrils, which attains 1.5 m in length. Stems much branched, slender, angular, sulcate, hispid on the angular margins; tendrils simple, longer than the leaves. Leaves alternate; blades 2.5-7.5 × 2-7 cm, ovate or trilobed, the lobes obtuse, the base cordiform, the apex obtuse, the margins dentate or entire; upper surface dull, scabrid; lower surface pale green, dull, scabrid, with prominent venation and hispidulous; petioles sulcate, hispidulous or hispid, 1.5-5 (12) cm long. Flowers solitary, the staminate flowers sometimes in axillary fascicles; calyx campanulate, 3.6-5.2 mm long, hispidulous, the lobes narrowly oblong or linear, 1.6-4 mm long, hispidulous; corolla pale yellow, campanulate, hispidulous outside, the tube 1-1.5 mm long, the lobes obovate, acute, 5.5-8.5 mm long. Berry ellipsoid or globose, densely spiny (spines ca. 1 cm long), 3-6.5 cm long, pale yellow; seeds numerous, elliptical, cream-colored, 4-5 mm long.
Phenology: Collected in flower in April and in fruit from April to June.
Status: Exotic, naturalized, uncommon.
Selected Specimens Examined: Acevedo-Rdgz., P. 8519; 11073; Axelrod, F. 10474. Cucumis melo: Acevedo-Rdgz., P. 10460; Axelrod, F. 8452; Stevenson, J.A. 5310; Taylor, C.M. 8560.
Molecular Biology and Genetics
Barcode data: Cucumis dipsaceus
Statistics of barcoding coverage: Cucumis dipsaceus
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 1
Species With Barcodes: 1
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