Overview

Comprehensive Description

Salix caroliniana Michx.

Distribution

Borrow pits within and roadside thickets adjacent to wet pine savannas (VWLPS).

Notes

Rare. Mar–Apr . Thornhill 243 (NCSC). Specimens seen in the vicinity: Sandy Run [Hancock]: Taggart SARU 254 (WNC!); Sandy Run [Neck]: Wilbur 63778, 63786, 63789, 67090 (DUKE!). [= RAB, FNA, Weakley]

  • Thornhill, Robert, Krings, Alexander, Lindbo, David, Stucky, Jon (2014): Guide to the Vascular Flora of the Savannas and Flatwoods of Shaken Creek Preserve and Vicinity (Pender & Onslow Counties, North Carolina, U. S. A.). Biodiversity Data Journal 2, 1099: 1099-1099, URL:http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/BDJ.2.e1099
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Plazi

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Distribution

National Distribution

United States

Origin: Native

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Present

Confidence: Confident

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Physical Description

Type Information

Isotype for Salix harbisonii C.K. Schneid.
Catalog Number: US 1111942
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Original publication and alleged type specimen examined
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): T. Harbison
Year Collected: 1918
Locality: Savannah., Chatham, Georgia, United States, North America
  • Isotype: Schneider, C. K. 1919. J. Arnold Arbor. 1: 29.
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Syntype for Salix nigra var. wardii Bebb in Ward
Catalog Number: US 9845
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Status verified from secondary sources; Status verified from secondary sources
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): L. F. Ward
Year Collected: 1881
Locality: Below Chain Bridge., District of Columbia, United States, North America
  • Syntype: Ward, L. F. 1881. Bull. U.S. Nat. Herb. 22: 114.; Argus, G. W. 1986. Syst. Bot. Monogr. 9: 22.
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Isolectotype for Salix nigra var. wardii Bebb in Ward
Catalog Number: US 9842
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Status verified from secondary sources; Status verified from secondary sources
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): L. F. Ward
Year Collected: 1881
Locality: Near Chain Bridge. Washington., District of Columbia, United States, North America
  • Isolectotype: Ward, L. F. 1881. Bull. U.S. Nat. Herb. 22: 114.; Argus, G. W. 1986. Syst. Bot. Monogr. 9: 22.
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Syntype for Salix nigra var. wardii Bebb in Ward
Catalog Number: US 62891
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Status verified from secondary sources; Status verified from secondary sources
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): L. F. Ward
Year Collected: 1878
Locality: Flats, Little Falls. In vicinis Washington, D.C., District of Columbia, United States, North America
  • Syntype: Ward, L. F. 1881. Bull. U.S. Nat. Herb. 22: 114.; Argus, G. W. 1986. Syst. Bot. Monogr. 9: 22.
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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: N5 - Secure

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: G5 - Secure

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Wikipedia

Salix caroliniana

Salix caroliniana, commonly known as the coastal plain willow, is a shrub or small tree[1] native to the southeastern United States, Mexico and parts of Central America and the Caribbean. It is an obligate wetland species and grows as an emergent species in the Everglades. In the absence of fire, S. caroliniana can convert herbaceous wetlands to forested wetlands. Although fires kill large woody stems and the species does not reproduce by rhizomes or root sprouts, it sprouts readily after fire. As a result, the total number of stems does not change, but fire converts S. caroliniana from a tree into a shrub.[1]

Salix caroliniana flowers in the early spring, either before or together with the emergence of leaves. In Alachua County, Florida in 1982, flowering was recorded during February and March.[2]

The species was first described by French naturalist André Michaux in 1803 in his Flora Boreali-Americana.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Lee, Mary Ann B.; Kenneth L. Snyder; Patricia Valentine-Darby; Steven J. Miller; Kimberli J. Ponzio (2005). "Dormant Season Prescribed Fire as a Management Tool for the Control of Salix caroliniana Michx. in a Floodplain Marsh". Wetlands Ecology and Management 13 (4): 479–487. doi:10.1007/s11273-004-2211-2. 
  2. ^ Patton, Janet Easterday; Walter S. Judd (1988). "A Phenological Study of 20 Vascular Plant Species Occurring on the Paynes Prairie Basin, Alachua County, Florida". Castanea (Southern Appalachian Botanical Society) 53 (2): 149–163. 
  3. ^ Salix caroliniana Michx. Tropicos.


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