Regularity: Regularly occurring
Catalog Number: US 1823939
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Verified from the card file of type specimens
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): R. E. Woodson & R. W. Schery
Year Collected: 1940
Locality: NW of Boquete towards Parque Nacional Volcan Baru., Panama, Central America
- Isotype: Woodson, R. E. 1948. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 35: 92.
Cuban Cactus Scrub Flora Associations
The Cuban Cactus Scrub ecoregion is a semi-arid region lying in the rainshadow of upwind mountains of the Caribbean Basin; the vegetation of this ecoregion is chiefly a thorny cactus scrub. The most characteristic and abundant flora species correspond to the xeromorphous coastal and subcoastal scrubland with abundant cacti succulents, also called coastal manigua. Associate evergreen shrubs and small trees to Capparis cynophallophora include: Bourreria virgata, Eugenia foetida, Bursera glauca and B. cubana. Cactus associate species include: Opuntia dillenii, O. triacantha, Harrisia eriophora, H. taetra, Dendrocereus nudiflorus and Pilosocereus robinii.
Molecular Biology and Genetics
Barcode data: Capparis cynophallophora
Statistics of barcoding coverage: Capparis cynophallophora
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 2
Species With Barcodes: 1
National NatureServe Conservation Status
Rounded National Status Rank: N3 - Vulnerable
NatureServe Conservation Status
Rounded Global Status Rank: G5 - Secure
Reasons: Southern Florida including Florida Keys and West Indies from Bahamas and Cuba through Lesser Antilles. Also in southern Mexico and Central America south to Panama. In Puerto Rico in thickets, chiefly in the dry coastal reigon.
The brand new leaves at the apical tips of twigs are folded in half showing only the whitish, hairy abaxial (lower or ventral) side of the leaf. The adexical (upper or dorsal) side of the leaf is glossy and darker. Fruits are long and split to release several large, brown seeds.
Habitat and range
The native range of C. cyanophallophora includes Florida in the United States, Mexico, the Caribbean, Central America, and South America as far south as northern Argentina. It inhabits mangrove forests, hammocks and shellmounds in coastal Florida and is extremely drought resistant
- "Taxon: Capparis cynophallophora L.". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2008-03-12. Retrieved 2011-01-26.
- Wunderlin, Richard P. (1998). Guide to the Vascular Plants of Florida. Gainesville: University Press of Florida. p. 318.
- "A Self-Guided Walking Tour of Park Plants. John D MacArthur Beach State Park.
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