Overview

Distribution

Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Cardamine breweri var. breweri :
United States (North America)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Cardamine breweri var. orbicularis (Greene) Detling:
United States (North America)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Cardamine breweri var. leibergii (Holz.) C.L. Hitchc.:
United States (North America)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Cardamine breweri S. Watson:
China (Asia)
United States (North America)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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National Distribution

Canada

Origin: Unknown/Undetermined

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

United States

Origin: Unknown/Undetermined

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

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National Distribution

United States

Origin: Native

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Present

Confidence: Confident

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National Distribution

Canada

Origin: Unknown/Undetermined

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

United States

Origin: Unknown/Undetermined

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

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National Distribution

Canada

Origin: Unknown/Undetermined

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

United States

Origin: Unknown/Undetermined

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

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Physical Description

Type Information

Isotype for Cardamine orbicularis Greene
Catalog Number: US 4489
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Original publication and alleged type specimen examined
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): T. J. Howell
Year Collected: 1887
Locality: Mouth of Colombia River., Oregon, United States, North America
  • Isotype: Greene, E. L. 1900. Pittonia. 4: 202.
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Type collection for Cardamine callosicrenata Piper
Catalog Number: US 529413
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Verified from the card file of type specimens
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): C. V. Piper
Year Collected: 1896
Locality: Spokane., Spokane, Washington, United States, North America
  • Type collection: Piper, C. V. 1896. Bot. Gaz. 22: 488.
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Type collection for Cardamine leibergii Holz.
Catalog Number: US 25937
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Original publication and alleged type specimen examined
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): J. H. Sandberg, D. T. MacDougal & A. A. Heller
Year Collected: 1892
Locality: Packsaddle Peak., Kootenai, Idaho, United States, North America
  • Type collection: Holzinger, J. M. 1895. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 3: 212.
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Type collection for Cardamine leibergii Holz.
Catalog Number: US 25938
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Original publication and alleged type specimen examined
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): J. H. Sandberg, D. T. MacDougal & A. A. Heller
Year Collected: 1892
Locality: Packsaddle Peak., Kootenai, Idaho, United States, North America
  • Type collection: Holzinger, J. M. 1895. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 3: 212.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Cardamine breweri

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 1
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: T5 - Secure

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: G5 - Secure

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National NatureServe Conservation Status

Canada

Rounded National Status Rank: NNR - Unranked

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNR - Unranked

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: T3 - Vulnerable

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National NatureServe Conservation Status

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: N3 - Vulnerable

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: T3 - Vulnerable

Reasons: This plant occurs in the U.S. in Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Washington, and Wyoming (Kartesz 1999). It occurs in two northeastern counties in Nevada, one eastern county in Washington, three counties in Idaho, and three counties in southwestern Montana (Kartesz 2003 draft). It inhabits stream banks, swamps, springy bogs, and wet shady places (Rollins 1993).

In Nevada, this plant inhabits wet areas along streambanks and springs and is found in northeastern Nevada (Kartesz 1988). In the Pacific states, it is found in wet spring places and the Arid Transition Zone (Abrams 1944).

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National NatureServe Conservation Status

Canada

Rounded National Status Rank: NNR - Unranked

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNR - Unranked

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National NatureServe Conservation Status

Canada

Rounded National Status Rank: NNR - Unranked

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNR - Unranked

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Wikipedia

Cardamine breweri

Cardamine breweri is a species of cardamine known by the common name Brewer's bittercress. It is native to western North America from British Columbia to California to Colorado, where it grows in coniferous forests, particularly in wet bog habitats.

Description

Cardamine breweri is a perennial herb growing up to about half a meter in maximum height. The leaves are oval in shape and sometimes divided into a few smaller leaflets. The mustardlike inflorescence is a raceme of many white flowers, each with four petals half a centimeter long. The fruit is an erect silique up to 3 centimeters long containing many small seeds.

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