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Overview

Distribution

National Distribution

Canada

Origin: Exotic

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

United States

Origin: Native

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Present

Confidence: Confident

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National Distribution

United States

Origin: Native

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Present

Confidence: Confident

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Global Range: Georgia, Floyd County in the Appalachian Valley (Small, 1933). Type locality (1902) is "cliffs of Coosa River" (NYBG database, consulted 4Jul01).

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Physical Description

Type Information

Isolectotype for Philadelphus inodorus L.
Catalog Number: US 1698816
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Verified from the card file of type specimens
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): R. M. Harper
Year Collected: 1935
Locality: Alabama, United States, North America
  • Isolectotype: Linnaeus, C. 1753. Sp. Pl. 470.
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Holotype for Philadelphus inodorus var. carolinus S.Y. Hu
Catalog Number: US 19114
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): G. R. Vasey
Year Collected: 1878
Locality: North Carolina, United States, North America
  • Holotype: Hu, S. Y. 1955. J. Arnold Arbor. 36: 63.
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Isolectotype for Philadelphus grandiflorus Willd.
Catalog Number: US 331458
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Original publication and alleged type specimen examined
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): ex herb. Biltmore
Year Collected: 1897
Locality: Grand River, near Chimney Rock., Rutherford, North Carolina, United States, North America
  • Isolectotype: Willdenow, C. L. 1809. Enum. Pl. Horti Bot. Berol. 511.
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Ecology

Habitat

Comments: Rocky slopes and banks of streams.

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Associations

Flower-Visiting Insects of Large-Flowered Mock Orange in Illinois

Philadelphus grandiflorus (Large-Flowered Mock Orange) introduced
(Bees suck nectar or collect pollen, other insects suck nectar; Philadelphus grandiflorus is native to areas lying east to southeast of Illinois, but it is sometimes cultivated because of its attractive flowers; Chelostoma philadelphi may be an oligolectic bee of Philadelphus spp.; observations are from Robertson)

Bees (long-tongued)
Apidae (Bombini): Bombus pensylvanica sn; Megachilidae (Trypetini): Chelostoma philadelphi sn cp fq icp olg

Bees (short-tongued)
Halictidae (Halictinae): Lasioglossum imitatus sn cp fq, Lasioglossum versatus sn cp, Lasioglossum zephyrus sn; Colletidae (Hylaeinae): Hylaeus affinis sn; Andrenidae (Andreninae): Andrena crataegi sn cp, Andrena cressonii sn cp, Andrena imitatrix imitatrix sn cp fq, Andrena personata sn

Wasps
Vespidae (Eumeninae): Ancistrocerus adiabatus, Euodynerus foraminatus

Flies
Bibionidae: Dilophus obesulus; Calliphoridae: Lucilia illustris, Lucilia sericata, Pollenia rudis; Muscidae: Limnophora narona, Neomyia cornicina; Anthomyiidae: Delia platura; Fanniidae: Fannia manicata fq

Butterflies
Papilionidae: Papilio glaucus

Skippers
Hesperiidae: Epargyreus clarus

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Philadelphus inodorus

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Philadelphus inodorus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 1
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

Canada

Rounded National Status Rank: NNA - Not Applicable

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: N4 - Apparently Secure

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: G4 - Apparently Secure

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National NatureServe Conservation Status

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: N1 - Critically Imperiled

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: G1 - Critically Imperiled

Reasons: Known in the wild only from one county of northwestern Georgia; species is also cultivated, and reportedly persists or escapes occasionally.

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Threats

Comments: Highly threatened by land-use conversion and habitat fragmentation. Human disturbance presents a low-level threat to this species (Southern Appalachian Species Viability Project 2002).

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Names and Taxonomy

Taxonomy

Comments: May prove to be only a form of P. inodorus (Weakley 1996); accepted by Kartesz (1999) as a Georgia endemic.

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