Overview

Comprehensive Description

Derivation of specific name

amara: bitter
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© Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten and Petra Ballings

Source: Flora of Zimbabwe

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Miscellaneous Details

"Notes: Western Ghats, Native of Western Europe"
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© India Biodiversity Portal

Source: India Biodiversity Portal

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Distribution

National Distribution

Canada

Origin: Exotic

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

United States

Origin: Exotic

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

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© NatureServe

Source: NatureServe

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"Maharashtra: Pune, Satara Karnataka: Mysore Tamil Nadu: Dindigul, Nilgiri"
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Source: India Biodiversity Portal

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Distribution: A native of W.Europe, widely introduced and cultivated almost all over the world as an ornamental.
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© Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA

Source: Missouri Botanical Garden

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Nepal, China, Europe
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Source: Missouri Botanical Garden

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Physical Description

Morphology

Description

Annual, erect, 10-30 (-40) cm tall, branched, ± hairy below and glabrous above. Leaves simple, scattered, lower spathulate, upper lanceolate or oblong¬cuneate, ± sparsely dentate towards the apex. Flowers c. 1 cm across, white or pale violet; pedicel filiform, spreading or ascending, usually c. 1 cm long. Petals prominently unequal, outer 2 nearly twice as long as sepals, 5-8 (-10) mm long, obovate-oblong, cuneate below. Siliculae c. 5 (-7) mm in diam., suborbicular, apex deeply notched; wings slightly broadening upwards; style as long as or slightly exceeding the apical notch; valves reticulately veined; seed c. 3 mm long, broadly ovate, slightly winged below, reddish-brown.
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Elevation Range

1350 m.
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Diagnostic Description

Diagnostic

Habit: Erect Herb
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Ecology

Associations

Foodplant / parasite
Erysiphe cruciferarum parasitises live Iberis amara

In Great Britain and/or Ireland:
Foodplant / parasite
colony of sporangium of Peronospora parasitica parasitises live Iberis amara
Remarks: season: 1-4

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Life History and Behavior

Cyclicity

Flower/Fruit

F1.Per.: Feb.-April.
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© Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA

Source: Missouri Botanical Garden

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Iberis amara

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


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© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Iberis amara

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 2
Specimens with Barcodes: 2
Species With Barcodes: 1
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© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

Canada

Rounded National Status Rank: NNA - Not Applicable

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNA - Not Applicable

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: GNR - Not Yet Ranked

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Notes

Comments

Candytuft is a common ornamental plant in our gardens.
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