Overview

Distribution

National Distribution

Canada

Origin: Unknown/Undetermined

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

United States

Origin: Unknown/Undetermined

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© NatureServe

Source: NatureServe

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Occurrence in North America

     AK  CA  ME  MI  MN  NH  NY  OR  VT  WA
     WI  AB  BC  LB  MB  NB  NF  NT  NS  ON
     PE  PQ  SK  YT

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Bog blueberry is distributed throughout Alaska, Canada, and Greenland.
It occurs south through New England, the northern portions of the Great
Lakes States, and western Washington and Oregon [1,34,72,75,87].  Bog
blueberry is also found in Japan, other parts of Asia, and in Europe
[34,38,87].
  • 1.  Anderson, J. P. 1959. Flora of Alaska and adjacent parts of Canada.        Ames, IA: Iowa State University Press. 543 p.  [9928]
  • 34.  Hitchcock, C. Leo; Cronquist, Arthur. 1964. Vascular plants of the        Pacific Northwest. Part 2: Salicaceae to Saxifragaceae. Seattle, WA:        University of Washington Press. 597 p.  [1166]
  • 38.  Iwagaki, H.; Ishikawa, S.; Tamada, T.; Koike, H. 1977. The present        status of blueberry work and wild Vaccinium species in Japan. Acta        Horticulturae. 61: 331-334.  [9701]
  • 72.  Roland, A. E.; Smith, E. C. 1969. The flora of Nova Scotia. Halifax, NS:        Nova Scotia Museum. 746 p.  [13158]
  • 75.  Soper, James H.; Heimburger, Margaret L. 1982. Shrubs of Ontario. Life        Sciences Misc. Publ. Toronto, ON: Royal Ontario Museum. 495 p.  [12907]
  • 87.  Viereck, Leslie A.; Little, Elbert L., Jr. 1972. Alaska trees and        shrubs. Agric. Handb. 410. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of        Agriculture, Forest Service. 265 p.  [6884]

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Regional Distribution in the Western United States

More info on this topic.

This species can be found in the following regions of the western United States (according to the Bureau of Land Management classification of Physiographic Regions of the western United States):

   1  Northern Pacific Border
   2  Cascade Mountains

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

N Heilongjiang (Da Hinggan Ling), S Jilin (Changbai Shan), NE Nei Mongol (Da Hinggan Ling) [Japan, Korea, Mongolia, Russia; Europe, North America].
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA

Source: Missouri Botanical Garden

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Physical Description

Morphology

Description

More info for the terms: bog, shrub

Bog blueberry is a low, highly branched, deciduous shrub.  It is
prostrate to erect in form and generally reaches 8 to 16 inches (20-40
cm) in height.  The leaves are oval and leathery, and twigs are slender.
Older twigs have gray, shreddy bark.  The flowers are white to pink and
are borne singly or in clusters at the ends of stems.  The fruit is a
blue to black berry [1,75,87].  Bog blueberry can form dense mats or
open extensive colonies [81].

Bog blueberry roots in the organic layer and is rhizomatous.  Rhizome
depth ranges from superficial to 6 to 8 inches (15-20 cm) below the
surface [56].  Mycorrhizal associations exist on bog blueberry roots
that allow for increased plant nitrogen levels [28,48,78].  Bog
blueberry has a relatively high ratio of root biomass to shoot biomass
[32,69].  These adaptations are important for nutrient uptake in the
cold, poorly aerated, nitrogen-poor soils characteristic of bog
blueberry sites [10,32].
  • 1.  Anderson, J. P. 1959. Flora of Alaska and adjacent parts of Canada.        Ames, IA: Iowa State University Press. 543 p.  [9928]
  • 10.  Chester, A. L.; Oechel, W. C. 1986. Effects of leaf nitrogen        availability and leaf position on nitrogen allocation patterns in        Vaccinium vitis-idaea and Vaccinium uliginosum. Oecologia. 69: 121-125.        [9264]
  • 28.  Haselwandter, K.; Read, D. J. 1980. Fungal associations of roots of        dominant and sub-dominant plants in high-alpine vegetation systems with        special reference to mycorrhiza. Oecologia. 45(1): 57-62.  [9861]
  • 32.  Henry, G. H. R.; Svoboda, J.; Freedman, B. 1990. Standing crop and net        production of sedge meadows of an ungrazed polar desert oasis. Canadian        Journal of Botany. 68: 2660-2667.  [14511]
  • 48.  Kohn, Linda M.; Stasovski, Elida. 1990. The mycorrhizal status of plants        at Alexandra Fiord, Ellesmere Island, Canada, a high Arctic site.        Mycologia. 82(1): 23-35.  [17697]
  • 56.  Maillette, Lucie. 1988. Apparent commensalism among three Vaccinium        species on a climatic gradient. Journal of Ecology. 76: 877-888.  [9171]
  • 69.  Rencz, Andrew N.; Auclair, Allan N. D. 1978. Biomass distribution in a        subarctic Picea mariana--Cladonia alpestris woodland. Canadian Journal        of Forestry. 8: 168-176.  [15867]
  • 75.  Soper, James H.; Heimburger, Margaret L. 1982. Shrubs of Ontario. Life        Sciences Misc. Publ. Toronto, ON: Royal Ontario Museum. 495 p.  [12907]
  • 78.  Tikkanen, Eero. 1989. A hypothesis on the cause of abnormal development        in Scots pine saplings on ploughed sites in northern Finland. In:        Martinsson, Owe; Packee, Edmond C.; Gasbarro, Anthony; Lawson, Teri,        coords. Forest regeneration at northern latitudes close to timber line:        Proceedings, 7th annual workshop on silviculture and management of        northern forests; 1985 June 16-20; Lulea-Gallivare-Ostersund, Sweden.        Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTN-247. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of        Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station: 46-54.        [17298]
  • 81.  Vander Kloet, S. P. 1988. The genus Vaccinium in North America.        Publication 1828. Ottawa: Research Branch, Agriculture Canada. 201 p.        [11436]
  • 87.  Viereck, Leslie A.; Little, Elbert L., Jr. 1972. Alaska trees and        shrubs. Agric. Handb. 410. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of        Agriculture, Forest Service. 265 p.  [6884]

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Description

Shrubs deciduous, 0.5–1 m tall, alpine populations usually 10–15 cm tall, much branched, rhizomatous. Twigs terete, puberulous to glabrous. Leaves scattered; petiole ca. 2 mm, puberulous; leaf blade obovate or elliptic to oblong, 1–3 × 0.6–1.5 cm, papery, abaxially glaucous, puberulous, adaxially subglabrous, secondary veins 3–5 pairs, fine veins evident especially abaxially, base cuneate or broadly cuneate, margin plane, entire, with 1 basal gland per side, apex rounded, sometimes retuse. Inflorescences fasciculate, at end of shoot, 1–3-flowered; bracts caducous, 1.5–2.5 mm. Pedicel ca. 5 mm, glabrous. Flowers 4- or 5-merous. Hypanthium ca. 0.8 mm, glabrous; calyx lobes 4 or 5, triangular-ovate, ca. 1 mm. Corolla greenish white, broadly urceolate, ca. 5 mm, glabrous; lobes triangular, ca. 1 mm. Filaments ca. 1 mm, glabrous; anthers ca. 1.5 mm, thecae with 2 spurs, tubules slightly shorter than thecae. Berry 4- or 5-loculed, bluish purple, subglobose or ellipsoidal, with a bloom, ca. 1 cm in diam. Fl. Jun, fr. Jul–Aug. 2n = 24, 48.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA

Source: Missouri Botanical Garden

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Ecology

Habitat

Habitat characteristics

More info for the terms: bog, tundra, tussock

Bog blueberry occupies sites ranging from sea level to alpine zones
[71].  It occurs in organic or inorganic soils that are generally acidic
(pH 3.5 to 6.2) [81].  Bog blueberry can tolerate a wide range of soil
moisture conditions and is found on well-drained to poorly drained
sites.  Bog blueberry is found in sites characteristic of cool-temperate
to cool-mesothermal climates [47].

Bog blueberry occurs in a wide variety of habitats, such as coastal and
interior bogs [2,6,49,51]; cottongrass tussock tundra [5,6]; low shrub
tundra [2,5,9]; sedge meadows [6,39,46]; black or white spruce woodlands
[2,5,81]; forested areas [71,87]; rocky or sandy shores of lakes and
streams [8,11,42]; rock outcrops [12,72]; and barrens [23,72].
  • 47.  Klinka, K.; Krajina, V. J.; Ceska, A.; Scagel, A. M. 1989. Indicator        plants of coastal British Columbia. Vancouver, BC: University of British        Columbia Press. 288 p.  [10703]
  • 2.  Argus, George W. 1966. Botanical investigations in northeastern        Saskatchewan: the subarctic Patterson-Hasbala Lakes region. Canadian        Field-Naturalist. 80(3): 119-143.  [8406]
  • 5.  Bliss, L. C. 1988. Arctic tundra and polar desert biome. In: Barbour,        Michael G.; Billings, William Dwight, eds. North American terrestrial        vegetation. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press: 1-32.        [13877]
  • 6.  Calmes, Mary A. 1976. Vegetation pattern of bottomland bogs in the        Fairbanks area, Alaska. Fairbanks, AK: University of Alaska. 104 p.        Thesis.  [14785]
  • 8.  Chandler, F. B.; Hyland, Fay. 1941. Botanical and economic distribution        of Vaccinium L. in Maine. Proceedings of the American Society for        Horticultural Science. 38: 430-433.  [9665]
  • 11.  Cody, W. J. 1965. Plants of the Mackenzie River Delta and Reindeer        Grazing Preserve. Ottawa, ON: Canada Department of Agriculture, Research        Branch, Plant Research Institute. 56 p.  [13122]
  • 12.  Cooper, William S. 1913. The climax forest of Isle Royale, Lake        Superior, and its development. II. Botanical Gazette. 55(2): 115-140.        [11538]
  • 23.  Fernald, Merritt Lyndon. 1950. Gray's manual of botany. [Corrections        supplied by R. C. Rollins]
  • 39.  Juday, Glenn Patrick. 1988. Alaska research natural area: 1. Mount        Prindle. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-224. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of        Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 34 p.        [7875]
  • 42.  Keeler, Harriet L. 1969. Vacciniaceae--huckleberry family. In: Our        northern shrubs and how to identify them. New York: Dover Publications,        Inc.: 315-342.  [9272]
  • 46.  Kershaw, K. A. 1974. Studies on lichen-dominated systems. X. The sedge        meadows of the coastal raised beaches. Canadian Journal of Botany. 52:        1947-1972.  [12966]
  • 49.  Komarek, Edwin V., Sr. 1979. Fire: control, ecology, and management. In:        Fire management in the northern environment: Proceedings of symposium;        1976 October 19-21; Anchorage, AK. BLM/AK/PROC-79/01. Anchorage, AK:        U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management: 48-78.        [15391]
  • 51.  LeResche, R. E.; Bishop, R. H.; Coady, J. W. 1974. Distribution and        habitats of moose in Alaska. Le Naturaliste Canadien. 101: 143-178.        [15190]
  • 71.  Robuck, O. Wayne. 1989. Common alpine plants of southeast Alaska. Misc.        Publ. ---. Juneau, AK: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service,        Pacific Northwest Research Station, Forestry Sciences Laboratory. 207 p.        [17693]
  • 72.  Roland, A. E.; Smith, E. C. 1969. The flora of Nova Scotia. Halifax, NS:        Nova Scotia Museum. 746 p.  [13158]
  • 81.  Vander Kloet, S. P. 1988. The genus Vaccinium in North America.        Publication 1828. Ottawa: Research Branch, Agriculture Canada. 201 p.        [11436]
  • 87.  Viereck, Leslie A.; Little, Elbert L., Jr. 1972. Alaska trees and        shrubs. Agric. Handb. 410. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of        Agriculture, Forest Service. 265 p.  [6884]
  • 9.  Chapin, F. Stuart, III; Van Cleve, Keith. 1981. Plant nutrient        absorption and retention under differing FIRE REGIMES. In: Mooney, H.        A.; Bonnicksen, T. M.; Christensen, N. L.; [and others]

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Key Plant Community Associations

More info for the terms: bog, codominant, lichens, peatland, shrub, tree, tundra

Bog blueberry can occur as a dominant or codominant in a variety of
habitats within its range.  It may occur as an understory component in
open or closed forest habitats, primarily with black or white spruce
(Picea mariana; P. glauca) [25,65,76,85,70].  Bog blueberry can also
dominate or codominate in dwarf shrub types, bogs or muskegs, and on
open tundra [27,43,86].

Other associated tree species include:  Alaska-cedar (Chamaecyparis
nootkatensis), quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides), balsam poplar (P.
balsamifera), and paper birch (Betula papyrifera).

Associated understory species include:  willows (Salix spp.), alders
(Alnus spp.), bog birch (Betula glandulosa), dwarf arctic birch (B.
nana), Labrador tea (Ledum groenlandicum and L. palustre), lignonberry
(Vaccinium vitis-idaea), bunchberry dogwood (Cornus canadensis),
rustyleaf menziesia (Menziesia ferruginea), crowberry (Empetrum nigrum),
red fruit bearberry (Arctostaphylos rubra), leatherleaf (Chamaedaphne
calyculata), bog laurel (Kalmia polifolia), cloudberry (Rubus
chamaemorus), bog rosemary (Andromeda polifolia), salal (Gaultheria
shallon), fireweed (Epilobium angustifolium), Labrador lousewort
(Pedicularis labradorica), entire leaf mountain avens (Dryas
integrifolia), Mt. Washington mountain avens (D. octopetala), bluejoint
reedgrass (Calamagrostis canadensis), altai fescue (Festuca altaica),
cottonsedge (Eriophorum vaginatum and E. angustifolium), and various
sedges (Carex spp.), feathermosses (Hylocomium, Pleurozium, and
Stereocaulon spp.), clubmosses (Lycopodium spp.), sphagnum mosses
(Sphagnum spp.), and lichens (Cladonia and Cladina spp.).

Published classifications listing bog blueberry as a major component of
plant associations (pas), community types (cts), or vegetation types
(vts) are as follows:

   AREA                  CLASSIFICATION            AUTHORITY
 
interior AK            postfire forest cts       Foote 1983
nw AK                         cts                Hanson 1953
AK                       gen. veg. pas           Viereck & Dyrness 1980
AK: Seward Peninsula          cts                Kelso 1989
YT                            vts                Stanek and others 1981
OR: Willamette NF        gen. veg. pas           Hemstrom and others 1987
Newfoundland              peatland pas           Pollett 1972
N.W.T.                        cts                Black & Bliss 1978
  • 25.  Foote, M. Joan. 1983. Classification, description, and dynamics of plant        communities after fire in the taiga of interior Alaska. Res. Pap.        PNW-307. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service,        Pacific Northwest Forest and Range Experiment Station. 108 p.  [7080]
  • 27.  Hanson, Herbert C. 1953. Vegetation types in northwestern Alaska and        comparisons with communities in other arctic regions. Ecology. 34(1):        111-140.  [9781]
  • 43.  Kelso, Sylvia. 1989. Vascular flora and phytogeography of Cape Prince of        Wales, Seward Peninsula, Alaska. Canadian Journal of Botany. 67:        3248-3259.  [9906]
  • 65.  Pearce, C. M.; McLennan, D.; Cordes, L. D. 1988. The evolution and        maintenance of white spruce woodlands on the Mackenzie Delta, N. W. T.,        Canada. Holarctic Ecology. 11(4): 248-258.  [10472]
  • 70.  Ritchie, J. C. 1957. The vegetation of northern Manitoba. II. A prisere        on the Hudson Bay lowlands. Ecology. 38(3): 429-435.  [10552]
  • 76.  Stanek, W.; Alexander, K.; Simmons, C. S. 1981. Reconnaissance of        vegetation and soils along the Dempster Highway, Yukon Territory: I.        Vegetation types. BC-X-217. Victoria, BC: Environment Canada, Canadian        Forestry Service, Pacific Forest Research Centre. 32 p.  [16526]
  • 85.  Viereck, Leslie A. 1989. Flood-plain succession and vegetation        classification in interior Alaska. In: Ferguson, Dennis E.; Morgan,        Penelope; Johnson, Frederic D., compilers. Proceedings--land        classifications based on vegetation: applications for resource        management; 1987 November 17-19; Moscow, ID. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-257.        Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain        Research Station: 197-203.  [6959]
  • 86.  Viereck, L. A.; Dyrness, C. T. 1979. Ecological effects of the        Wickersham Dome Fire near Fairbanks, Alaska. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-90.        Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific        Northwest Forest and Range Experiment Station. 71 p.  [6392]

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Habitat: Cover Types

More info on this topic.

This species is known to occur in association with the following cover types (as classified by the Society of American Foresters):

     1  Jack pine
     5  Balsam fir
    12  Black spruce
    13  Black spruce - tamarack
    38  Tamarack
   107  White spruce
   201  White spruce
   202  White spruce - paper birch
   204  Black spruce
   205  Mountain hemlock
   206  Engelmann spruce - subalpine fir
   218  Lodgepole pine
   224  Western hemlock
   225  Western hemlock - Sitka spruce
   227  Western redcedar - western hemlock
   228  Western redcedar
   251  White spruce - aspen
   253  Black spruce - white spruce
   254  Black spruce - paper birch

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Habitat: Plant Associations

More info on this topic.

This species is known to occur in association with the following plant community types (as classified by Küchler 1964):

   K001  Spruce - cedar - hemlock forest
   K002  Cedar - hemlock - Douglas-fir forest
   K004  Fir - hemlock forest
   K008  Lodgepole pine - subalpine forest
   K015  Western spruce - fir forest
   K093  Great Lakes spruce - fir forest
   K094  Conifer bog
   K095  Great Lakes pine forest
   K096  Northeastern spruce - fir forest

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Habitat: Ecosystem

More info on this topic.

This species is known to occur in the following ecosystem types (as named by the U.S. Forest Service in their Forest and Range Ecosystem [FRES] Type classification):

   FRES10  White - red - jack pine
   FRES11  Spruce - fir
   FRES23  Fir - spruce
   FRES24  Hemlock - Sitka spruce
   FRES26  Lodgepole pine
   FRES44  Alpine

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Larix forests, forest margins, meadow-moors, alpine steppes; 900–2300 m.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA

Source: Missouri Botanical Garden

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Associations

In Great Britain and/or Ireland:
Foodplant / gall
fruitbody of Exobasidium expansum causes gall of live shoot of Vaccinium uliginosum

Foodplant / saprobe
apothecium of Lophodermium maculare is saprobic on dead leaf of Vaccinium uliginosum

Foodplant / feeds on
Monilia anamorph of Monilinia megalospora feeds on leaf or shoot of Vaccinium uliginosum

Foodplant / parasite
telium of Naohidemyces vacciniorum parasitises leaf of Vaccinium uliginosum
Other: unusual host/prey

Foodplant / saprobe
erumpent stroma of Protoventuria myrtilli is saprobic on dead leaf of Vaccinium uliginosum

Foodplant / parasite
subcuticular or subepidermal, clustered, pseudostromatic pseudothecium of Pyrenobotrys conferta parasitises live leaf of Vaccinium uliginosum

Foodplant / saprobe
apothecium of Sporomega degenerans is saprobic on dead twig of Vaccinium uliginosum

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

General Ecology

Fire Management Considerations

More info for the terms: bog, severity

Flower buds tend to be more numerous on new shoots, and periodic removal
of old shoots may increase flower production in many species of
Vaccinium [58].  Berry production, however, may be delayed for a few
years.  Ground fires of moderate severity favor growth and development
of bog blueberry, and prescribed burning is the recommended management
tool to increase berry yield [62].  Burning should take place in late
fall or early spring before growth resumes [74].

In Russia, low- to moderate-severity ground fires caused 2.2 to 3.1 fold
increases in the number of bog blueberry shoots per unit area.  Annual
growth increments also increased, and were nearly two times greater in
plants on burned areas than in plants on unburned areas.  Fruit
production resumed 3 years after fire, and berries in burned areas were
larger and healthier (more resistant to damage) than berries in other
areas.  Yield in burned areas was also greater than in adjacent unburned
sites [62].
  • 58.  Martin, Patricia A. E. 1979. Productivity and taxonomy of the Vaccinium        globulare, V. membranaceum complex in western Montana. Missoula, MT:        University of Montana. 136 p. Thesis.  [9130]
  • 62.  Mironov, K. A. 1984. Recovery of bog bilberry and cranberry after ground        fires. Soviet Journal of Ecology. 14(4): 199-204.  [6482]
  • 74.  Shubat, Deborah Jo. 1983. Management of native lowbush blueberry for        recreational picking in northeastern Minnesota. Minneapolis, MN:        University of Minnesota. 79 p. Thesis.  [10480]

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Plant Response to Fire

More info for the terms: bog, cover, frequency, tundra

Bog blueberry sprouts from surviving rhizomes or rootstocks after low to
moderate-severity fires.  Burned aerial stems may also sprout [64,88].
Bog blueberry grows rapidly for the first 50 to 60 years after fire [9],
and reaches its highest postfire cover and frequency 50 to 120 years
after burning [4].  Bog blueberry leaves are larger in burned areas,
even after 5 years [89].

Dyrness [17] found that bog blueberry in black spruce stands increased
in biomass production after light summer fires.  The increase in biomass
production corresponded to an increase in nutrient uptake.  Nutrient
levels (percent dry weight) in lightly burned versus unburned areas were
as follows:

                     N          P         K          Ca        Mg
                   ________________________________________________
unburned            .613       .074      .192       .172      .056
lightly burned      1.85       .324      .966       .394      .130

In the 4 years following the Wickersham Dome Fire near Fairbanks,
Alaska, bog blueberry in black spruce stands increased in percent cover
and biomass production, but did not reach control levels.  Recovery in
lightly burned stands was much greater than in heavily burned stands
[86].

Biomass production in bog blueberry decreased following a summer fire in
tussock tundra near Fairbanks, Alaska.  Production in burned areas was
significantly lower (P less than .05) than in adjacent unburned areas 13 years
after the fire [24].
  • 4.  Black, R. A.; Bliss, L. C. 1978. Recovery sequence of Picea mariana -        Vaccinium uliginosum forests after burning near Inuvik, Northwest        Territories, Canada. Canadian Journal of Botany. 56: 2020-2030.  [7448]
  • 17.  Dyrness, C. T.; Norum, Rodney A. 1983. The effects of experimental fires        on black spruce forest floors in interior Alaska. Canadian Journal of        Forest Research. 13: 879-893.  [7299]
  • 64.  Parminter, John. 1984. Fire-ecological relationships for the        biogeoclimatic zones of the northern portion of the Mackenzie Timber        Supply Area: summary report. In: Northern Fire Ecology Project: Northern        Mackenzie Timber Supply Area. Victoria, BC: Province of British        Columbia, Ministry of Forests. 59 p.  [9205]
  • 86.  Viereck, L. A.; Dyrness, C. T. 1979. Ecological effects of the        Wickersham Dome Fire near Fairbanks, Alaska. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-90.        Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific        Northwest Forest and Range Experiment Station. 71 p.  [6392]
  • 88.  Viereck, Leslie A.; Schandelmeier, Linda A. 1980. Effects of fire in        Alaska and adjacent Canada--a literature review. BLM-Alaska Tech. Rep.        6. Anchorage, AK: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land        Mangement, Alaska State Office. 124 p.  [7075]
  • 89.  Wein, R. W. 1974. Recovery of vegetation in arctic regions after        burning. Rep. 74-6. Ottawa, ON: Canadian Task Force on Northern Oil        Development. 41 p.  [13001]
  • 9.  Chapin, F. Stuart, III; Van Cleve, Keith. 1981. Plant nutrient        absorption and retention under differing FIRE REGIMES. In: Mooney, H.        A.; Bonnicksen, T. M.; Christensen, N. L.; [and others]
  • 24.  Fetcher, Ned; Beatty, Thomas F.; Mullinax, Ben; Winkler, Daniel S. 1984.        Changes in arctic tussock tundra thirteen years after fire. Ecology.        65(4): 1332-1333.  [7234]

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Immediate Effect of Fire

More info for the term: bog

Fire generally top-kills bog blueberry.  Moderate- to high-severity
fires may also kill underground vegetative structures.

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Post-fire Regeneration

More info for the term: root crown

   survivor species; on-site surviving root crown or caudex
   survivor species; on-site surviving rhizomes
   off-site colonizer; seed carried by animals or water; postfire yr 1&2

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Fire Ecology

More info for the terms: bog, severity

Bog blueberry sprouts from rhizomes or rootstocks following fire
[53,64,82].  It roots in the organic layer and therefore only survives
in patches where the organic layer is not consumed [9].  Fire destroys
the seeds, so bog blueberry must invade burned areas from off-site
sources [64].  Wildfires that occur in the wet sites that bog blueberry
often occupies are generally low in severity.
  • 53.  Lutz, H. J. 1956. Ecological effects of forest fires in the interior of        Alaska. Tech. Bull. No. 1133. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of        Agriculture, Forest Service. 121 p.  [7653]
  • 64.  Parminter, John. 1984. Fire-ecological relationships for the        biogeoclimatic zones of the northern portion of the Mackenzie Timber        Supply Area: summary report. In: Northern Fire Ecology Project: Northern        Mackenzie Timber Supply Area. Victoria, BC: Province of British        Columbia, Ministry of Forests. 59 p.  [9205]
  • 82.  Viereck, L. A. 1983. The effects of fire in black spruce ecosystems of        Alaska and northern Canada. In: Wein, Ross W.; MacLean, David A., eds.        The role of fire in northern circumpolar ecosystems. New York: John        Wiley and Sons Ltd.: 201-220.  [7078]
  • 9.  Chapin, F. Stuart, III; Van Cleve, Keith. 1981. Plant nutrient        absorption and retention under differing FIRE REGIMES. In: Mooney, H.        A.; Bonnicksen, T. M.; Christensen, N. L.; [and others]

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Successional Status

More info on this topic.

More info for the terms: bog, climax, frequency, shrub, succession, tundra

Bog blueberry remains an important component of forest and woodland
understory through the early, mid-seral, and late stages of succession
[9,19].  It is important in the early shrub stages of tundra succession,
as well as in climax stages [83].  Bog blueberry can also be found in
dense, mature-climax forest stands [16,25].

Bog blueberry can sprout from underground plant parts following fire and
remains important throughout successional stages.  The following cover
and frequency percentages were found in black spruce stands in interior
Alaska [25]:

  Stage              Years after fire    Frequency(%)    Cover(%)
___________________________________________________________________
Newly burned             0 - 1              38.0      less than 0.5
Moss-herb                1 - 5              62.0           3.0
Tall shrub-sapling       5 - 30             40.0           5.0
Dense tree              30 - 55             65.0           8.0
Mixed hardwood-spruce   55 - 90             59.0           5.0
Spruce                  90 - 200+           42.0           2.0
  • 25.  Foote, M. Joan. 1983. Classification, description, and dynamics of plant        communities after fire in the taiga of interior Alaska. Res. Pap.        PNW-307. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service,        Pacific Northwest Forest and Range Experiment Station. 108 p.  [7080]
  • 16.  Douglas, George W. 1974. Montane zone vegetation of the Alsek River        region, southwestern Yukon. Canadian Journal of Botany. 52: 2505-2532.        [17283]
  • 19.  Dyrness, C. T.; Viereck, L. A.; Van Cleve, K. 1986. Fire in taiga        communities of interior Alaska. In: Forest ecosystems in the Alaskan        taiga. New York: Springer-Verlag: 74-86.  [3881]
  • 83.  Viereck, Leslie A. 1966. Plant succession and soil development on gravel        outwash of the Muldrow Glacier, Alaska. Ecological Monographs. 36(3):        181-199.  [12484]
  • 9.  Chapin, F. Stuart, III; Van Cleve, Keith. 1981. Plant nutrient        absorption and retention under differing FIRE REGIMES. In: Mooney, H.        A.; Bonnicksen, T. M.; Christensen, N. L.; [and others]

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Regeneration Processes

More info for the terms: bog, layering

Bog blueberry is capable of vegetative and sexual reproduction.  It
regenerates vegetatively by layering or sprouting from rhizomes.

Seeds of most Vacciniums are not dormant and require no pretreatment for
germination [13].  In one study, however, bog blueberry seeds exhibited
shallow dormancy, and a 30-day cold stratification at 35 degrees
Fahrenheit (2 deg C) increased germination success.  Very few stratified
or unstratified seeds germinated at temperatures below 59 degrees
Fahrenheit (15 deg C) [7].  Seed viability of most Vacciniums is of
short duration [85].

Seeds are readily dispersed by the birds and animals that eat bog
blueberry fruits [63].  Bog blueberry seedlings can colonize exposed
mineral soil [59], but seedlings are rare in established adult
populations [21].
  • 7.  Calmes, Mary A.; Zasada, John C. 1982. Some reproductive traits of four        shrub species in the black spruce forest type of Alaska. Canadian        Field-Naturalist. 96(1): 35-40.  [6361]
  • 13.  Crossley, John A. 1974. Vaccinium L.   Blueberry. In: Schopmeyer, C. S.,        ed. Seeds of woody plants in the United States. Agric. Handb. 450.        Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service: 840-843.        [7774]
  • 21.  Eriksson, O. 1989. Seedling dynamics and life histories in clonal        plants. Oikos. 55: 231-238.  [10322]
  • 59.  Maslen, Lynn; Kershaw, G. Peter. 1989. First year results of        revegetation trials using selected native plant species on a simulated        pipeline trench, Fort Norman, N.W.T., Canada. In: Walker, D. G.; Powter,        C. B.; Pole, M. W., compilers. Reclamation, a global perspective:        Proceedings of the conference; 1989 August 27-31; Calgary, AB. Rep. No.        RRTAC 89-2. Vol. 1. Edmonton, AB: Alberta Land Conservation and        Reclamation Council: 81-90.  [14363]
  • 63.  Morin, Hubert; Payette, Serge. 1988. Buried seed populations in the        montane, subalpine, and alpine belts of Mont Jacques-Cartier, Quebec.        Canadian Journal of Botany. 66: 101-107.  [6376]
  • 85.  Viereck, Leslie A. 1989. Flood-plain succession and vegetation        classification in interior Alaska. In: Ferguson, Dennis E.; Morgan,        Penelope; Johnson, Frederic D., compilers. Proceedings--land        classifications based on vegetation: applications for resource        management; 1987 November 17-19; Moscow, ID. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-257.        Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain        Research Station: 197-203.  [6959]

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Growth Form (according to Raunkiær Life-form classification)

More info on this topic.

More info for the term: phanerophyte

   Phanerophyte

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Life Form

More info for the term: shrub

Shrub

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Life History and Behavior

Cyclicity

Phenology

More info on this topic.

Bog blueberry flowers from June to early July.  Fruits ripen from late
July through September [23,42,75].
  • 23.  Fernald, Merritt Lyndon. 1950. Gray's manual of botany. [Corrections        supplied by R. C. Rollins]
  • 42.  Keeler, Harriet L. 1969. Vacciniaceae--huckleberry family. In: Our        northern shrubs and how to identify them. New York: Dover Publications,        Inc.: 315-342.  [9272]
  • 75.  Soper, James H.; Heimburger, Margaret L. 1982. Shrubs of Ontario. Life        Sciences Misc. Publ. Toronto, ON: Royal Ontario Museum. 495 p.  [12907]

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Vaccinium uliginosum

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 7
Specimens with Barcodes: 29
Species With Barcodes: 1
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

Canada

Rounded National Status Rank: NNR - Unranked

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNR - Unranked

Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© NatureServe

Source: NatureServe

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: G5 - Secure

Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© NatureServe

Source: NatureServe

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Management

Management considerations

More info for the terms: bog, cover, frequency, hardwood, peat, rhizome, softwood

Leaf production of bog blueberry increased in response to overgrazing by
caribou in arctic Canada.  Average cover was 9 percent in overgrazed
areas but only 2 percent in areas that were not overgrazed [31].

In one study, bog blueberry showed no significant response to
fertilization or irrigation [40].

White spruce stands on Willow Island, Alaska were subjected to clearcut
and shelterwood treatments.  Second year average percent cover and
average percent frequency of bog blueberry in the stands were as follows
[18]:

              Control   Clearcut   Shelterwood, 46 ft.  Shelterwood, 30 ft.
                                     (14 m) spacing       (9 m) spacing
              _____________________________________________________________
Cover           0.3        0.1            +                   0.5
Frequency       6.0        7.0           3.0                 13.0

Vegetative propagation of bog blueberry has been more successful with
root or rhizome cuttings than with stem cuttings.  Rooting percentages
from both hardwood and softwood stem cuttings were poor, whereas 52
percent of rhizome cuttings produced shoots when planted immediately
after collection [36].

Blueberries can also be grown from seed.  In general, the seeds should
be planted in a mixture of sand and peat.  Seedlings grown in the
greenhouse can be transplanted 6 to 7 weeks after emergence but should
not be transferred to the field until after the first growing season.
Blueberries are exacting in their site requirements and are difficult to
establish on sites that do not meet their specific needs.  Naturally
occurring stands can usually be managed successfully [13].
  • 13.  Crossley, John A. 1974. Vaccinium L.   Blueberry. In: Schopmeyer, C. S.,        ed. Seeds of woody plants in the United States. Agric. Handb. 450.        Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service: 840-843.        [7774]
  • 18.  Dyrness, C. T.; Viereck, L. A.; Foote, M. J.; Zasada, J. C. 1988. The        effect on vegetation and soil temperature of logging flood-plain white        spruce. Res. Pap. PNW-RP-392. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of        Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 45 p.        [7471]
  • 31.  Henry, G. H. R.; Gunn, A. 1991. Recovery of tundra vegetation after        overgrazing by caribou in arctic Canada. Arctic. 44(1): 38-42.  [14747]
  • 36.  Holloway, Patricia; Zasada, John. 1979. Vegetative propagation of 11        common Alaska woody plants. Res. Note PNW-334. Portland, OR: U.S.        Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Forest and        Range Experiment Station. 12 p.  [1183]
  • 40.  Karlsson, P. Staffan. 1985. Effects of water and mineral nutrient supply        on a deciduous and an evergreen dwarf shrub: Vaccinium uliginosum L. and        V. vitis-idaea L. Holarctic Ecology. 8: 1-8.  [9157]

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Other uses and values

More info for the terms: bog, fresh, resistance

Bog blueberries are edible and have good flavor [37].  The berries are
often picked in large quantities [1,87] and used in jams, jellies, and
pies [37,38].  They are the most popular fruit of Native Americans in
the Fort Yukon region [35].  Fresh or dried leaves can be used for tea
[71].  Blueberry (Vaccinium spp.) leaves, flowers, and rhizomes have
been used for medicinal purposes [81].

Bog blueberry has no economic importance [8], but its cold hardiness
(including late flowering) and resistance to the blueberry fungus
Fusicoccum putrefaciens make it useful for hybridizing with more
economically important species [33,81].

A high correlation exists between concentrations of uranium, copper, and
lead in bog blueberry leaf tissues and levels of these metals in the
surrounding soil.  The ability of bog blueberry to reflect heavy metal
concentrations in till favors its use as a tool in mineral exploration.
The advantages and disadvantages of using bog blueberry for
biogeochemical prospecting have been considered [15].
  • 1.  Anderson, J. P. 1959. Flora of Alaska and adjacent parts of Canada.        Ames, IA: Iowa State University Press. 543 p.  [9928]
  • 8.  Chandler, F. B.; Hyland, Fay. 1941. Botanical and economic distribution        of Vaccinium L. in Maine. Proceedings of the American Society for        Horticultural Science. 38: 430-433.  [9665]
  • 15.  DiLabio, R. N. W.; Rencz, A. N. 1980. Relationship between levels of        copper, uranium, and lead in glacial sediments and in Vaccinium        uliginosum at an arctic site enriched with... Canadian Journal of        Botany. 58: 2017-2021.  [10869]
  • 33.  Hiirsalmi, H. M.; Hietaranta, T. P. 1989. Winter injuries to highbush        and lowbush blueberries in Finland. Acta Horticulturae. 241: 221-226.        [12158]
  • 35.  Holloway, Patricia S.; Alexander, Ginny. 1990. Ethnobotany of the Fort        Yukon region, Alaska. Economic Botany. 44(2): 214-225.  [13625]
  • 37.  Hulten, Eric. 1968. Flora of Alaska and neighboring territories.        Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press. 1008 p.  [13403]
  • 38.  Iwagaki, H.; Ishikawa, S.; Tamada, T.; Koike, H. 1977. The present        status of blueberry work and wild Vaccinium species in Japan. Acta        Horticulturae. 61: 331-334.  [9701]
  • 71.  Robuck, O. Wayne. 1989. Common alpine plants of southeast Alaska. Misc.        Publ. ---. Juneau, AK: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service,        Pacific Northwest Research Station, Forestry Sciences Laboratory. 207 p.        [17693]
  • 81.  Vander Kloet, S. P. 1988. The genus Vaccinium in North America.        Publication 1828. Ottawa: Research Branch, Agriculture Canada. 201 p.        [11436]
  • 87.  Viereck, Leslie A.; Little, Elbert L., Jr. 1972. Alaska trees and        shrubs. Agric. Handb. 410. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of        Agriculture, Forest Service. 265 p.  [6884]

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Value for rehabilitation of disturbed sites

More info for the terms: bog, reclamation, tundra

Bog blueberry has been successful at naturally colonizing local seismic
lines in the subarctic [44].  It has also naturally colonized borrow
pits in tundra regions of northwestern Canada and may be of use in
managed reclamation projects [45].

Bog blueberry is tolerant of high concentrations of heavy metals in the
soil.  Leaf tissues can accumulate uranium, copper, lead, zinc, nickel,
and iron in large quantities with no apparent detrimental effects to the
plant [15].  The ability to inhabit soils with high concentrations of
these metals may favor the use of bog blueberry in certain revegetation
programs.

Bog blueberry could not be established from seed during the first
growing season in simulated pipeline trenches near Fort Norman,
Northwest Territories.  Bog blueberry has, however, successfully
germinated after one or two growing seasons when planted in other areas
[59].
  • 15.  DiLabio, R. N. W.; Rencz, A. N. 1980. Relationship between levels of        copper, uranium, and lead in glacial sediments and in Vaccinium        uliginosum at an arctic site enriched with... Canadian Journal of        Botany. 58: 2017-2021.  [10869]
  • 44.  Kershaw, G. P. 1988. The use of controlled surface disturbances in the        testing of reclamation treatments in the subarctic. In: Kershaw, Peter,        ed. Northern environmental disturbances. Occas. Publ. No. 24. Edmonton,        AB: University of Alberta, Boreal Institute for Northern Studies: 59-70.        [14420]
  • 45.  Kershaw, G. Peter; Kershaw, Linda J. 1987. Successful plant colonizers        on disturbances in tundra areas of northwestern Canada. Arctic and        Alpine Research. 19(4): 451-460.  [6115]
  • 59.  Maslen, Lynn; Kershaw, G. Peter. 1989. First year results of        revegetation trials using selected native plant species on a simulated        pipeline trench, Fort Norman, N.W.T., Canada. In: Walker, D. G.; Powter,        C. B.; Pole, M. W., compilers. Reclamation, a global perspective:        Proceedings of the conference; 1989 August 27-31; Calgary, AB. Rep. No.        RRTAC 89-2. Vol. 1. Edmonton, AB: Alberta Land Conservation and        Reclamation Council: 81-90.  [14363]

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Cover Value

More info for the term: cover

Bog blueberry presumably provides cover for a variety of small wildlife
species.  It often forms a dense understory layer that may serve as
hiding or resting sites for birds or small mammals.

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Nutritional Value

More info for the term: bog

The nutritional value of bog blueberry is not well documented.  However,
Vaccinium species in general have sweet berries that contain high
concentrations of mono- and disaccharides [77].  They are rich in
vitamin C, high in energy content, and low in fat [68].
  • 68.  Reich, Lee. 1988. Backyard blues. Organic Gardening. 35(6): 28-34.        [9179]
  • 77.  Stiles, Edmund W. 1980. Patterns of fruit presentation and seed        dispersal in bird-disseminated woody plants in the Eastern deciduous        forest. American Naturalist. 116(5): 670-688.  [6508]

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Importance to Livestock and Wildlife

More info for the terms: bog, lichens

Bog blueberry is consumed by many species of wildlife.  Many songbirds
and game birds including ptarmigan and spruce grouse eat the berries,
often before they are ripe [57,80].  Bog blueberry leaves are important
in the diet of spruce grouse throughout the spring, summer, and fall
[20].  Many small mammals including chipmunks, squirrels, mice, and
rabbits also consume bog blueberry leaves or fruits.  Consumption of
leaves by snowshoe hares is highest in the spring [91].  Ninety-two
percent of the red-backed vole's fall diet consists of berries, many of
which are bog blueberries [90].

Caribou and moose browse on bog blueberry.  In northwestern Manitoba,
occurrence of leaves and twigs in caribou rumen samples was 75 percent
in April and 81 percent in November [61].  Bog blueberry was also
detected in samples in the winter months but may have been consumed as
litter as the caribou browsed on lichens [73].  Moose lightly browse bog
blueberry throughout the year [52].

When available, bog blueberries are one of the most important fruits
consumed by black bear in interior Alaska.  The berries are utilized
heavily from July to September [29].  Black bear browse on bog blueberry
leaves in the spring [55].  Brown bear are also known to eat bog
blueberries [60].
   
  • 20.  Ellison, Laurence. 1966. Seasonal foods and chemical analysis of winter        diet of Alaskan spruce grouse. Journal of Wildlife Management. 30(4):        729-735.  [9735]
  • 29.  Hatler, David F. 1972. Food habits of black bears in interior Alaska.        Canadian Field-Naturalist. 86(1): 17-31.  [10389]
  • 52.  LeResche, Robert E.; Davis, James L. 1973. Importance of nonbrowse foods        to moose on the Kenai Peninsula, Alaska. Journal of Wildlife Management.        37(3): 279-287.  [13123]
  • 55.  MacHutchon, A. Grant. 1989. Spring and summer food habits of black bears        in the Pelly River Valley, Yukon. Northwest Science. 63(3): 116-118.        [12249]
  • 57.  Martin, Alexander C.; Zim, Herbert S.; Nelson, Arnold L. 1951. American        wildlife and plants. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc. 500 p.        [4021]
  • 60.  Meehan, William R. 1974. The forest ecosystem of southeast Alaska: 4.        Wildlife habitats. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-16. Portland, OR: U.S. Department        of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Forest and Range        Experiment Station. 32 p.  [13479]
  • 61.  Miller, Donald R. 1976. Taiga winter range relationships and diet.        Canadian Wildlife Service Rep. Series No. 36. Ottawa, ON: Environment        Canada, Wildlife Service. 42 p. (Biology of the Kaminuriak population of        barren-ground caribou; pt 3).  [13007]
  • 73.  Scotter, George W. 1967. The winter diet of barren-ground caribou in        northern Canada. Canadian Field-Naturalist. 81: 33-39.  [16672]
  • 80.  Van Dersal, William R. 1938. Native woody plants of the United States,        their erosion-control and wildlife values. Washington, DC: U.S.        Department of Agriculture. 362 p.  [4240]
  • 90.  West, Stephen D. 1982. Dynamics of colonization and abundance in central        Alaskan populations of the northern red-backed vole, Clethrionomys        rutilus. Journal of Mammalogy. 63(1): 128-143.  [7300]
  • 91.  Wolff, Jerry O. 1978. Food habits of snowshoe hare in interior Alaska.        Journal of Wildlife Management. 42(1): 148-153.  [7443]

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Palatability

Palatability of Vaccinium species as browse is rated as fair to moderate
[14].
  • 14.  Dayton, William A. 1931. Important western browse plants. Misc. Publ.        101. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture. 214 p.  [768]

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Wikipedia

Vaccinium uliginosum

Vaccinium uliginosum (bog bilberry or northern bilberry) is a flowering plant in the genus Vaccinium.

Flowers

Distribution[edit]

Vaccinium uliginosum is native to cool temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere, at low altitudes in the Arctic, and at high altitudes south to the Pyrenees, the Alps, and the Caucasus in Europe, the mountains of Mongolia, northern China and central Japan in Asia, and the Sierra Nevada in California and the Rocky Mountains in Utah in North America.

It grows on wet acidic soils on heathland, moorland, tundra, and in the understory of coniferous forests, from sea level in the Arctic, up to 3,400 metres (11,200 ft) altitude in the south of the range.

Description[edit]

Vaccinium uliginosum is a small deciduous shrub growing to  cm 10–75 centimetres (0.33–2.46 ft) tall, rarely 1 metre (3.3 ft) tall, with brown stems (unlike the green stems of the closely related Bilberry). The leaves are oval, 4–30 millimetres (0.16–1.18 in) long and 2–15 millimetres (0.079–0.591 in) wide, blue-green with pale net-like veins, with a smooth margin and rounded apex.

The flowers are pendulous, urn-shaped, pale pink, 4–6 mm long, produced in mid spring. The fruit is a dark blue-black berry 5–8 millimetres (0.20–0.31 in) diameter, with a white flesh, edible and sweet when ripe in late summer.

Subspecies[edit]

Some authors separate them, but these are not considered distinct by all authorities - the subspecies are:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lange
  2. ^ (A.Gray) Hultén

Further reading[edit]

  • Blamey, M., & Grey-Wilson, C. (1989). Flora of Britain and Northern Europe. Hodder & Stoughton.
Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Source: Wikipedia

Unreviewed

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Notes

Comments

The berry is nutritious and has a sweetish taste.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA

Source: Missouri Botanical Garden

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Names and Taxonomy

Taxonomy

More info for the term: bog

The currently accepted scientific name of bog blueberry is Vaccinium
uliginosum
Linnaeus [1,34,37,41,72]. It has been placed within the
section Vaccinium of the taxonomically complex genus Vaccinium [81].
Recognized subspecies and varieties based on morphological
characteristics or distribution are as follows:

Vaccinium uliginosum subsp. alpinum (Bigel.) Hulten [37,87]
Vaccinium uliginosum subsp. microphyllum Lange [37,41,81]
Vaccinium uliginosum subsp. pubescens (Wormsk. ex Hornem.) Young [41,75,81]
Vaccinium uliginosum subsp. occidentale (Gray) Hulten [41,81]
Vaccinium uliginosum subsp. pedris (Harshberger) Young [41,81]
Vaccinium uliginosum subsp. gaultherioides (Bigel.) Young [81]
Vaccinium uliginosum var. alpinum Bigel. [23,37,72,75,87]
Vaccinium uliginosum var. salicinum (Cham.) Hulten [37,81]
Vaccinium uliginosum var. uliginosum Linnaeus [1,34,37,41,72]
  • 1.  Anderson, J. P. 1959. Flora of Alaska and adjacent parts of Canada.        Ames, IA: Iowa State University Press. 543 p.  [9928]
  • 23.  Fernald, Merritt Lyndon. 1950. Gray's manual of botany. [Corrections        supplied by R. C. Rollins]
  • 34.  Hitchcock, C. Leo; Cronquist, Arthur. 1964. Vascular plants of the        Pacific Northwest. Part 2: Salicaceae to Saxifragaceae. Seattle, WA:        University of Washington Press. 597 p.  [1166]
  • 37.  Hulten, Eric. 1968. Flora of Alaska and neighboring territories.        Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press. 1008 p.  [13403]
  • 72.  Roland, A. E.; Smith, E. C. 1969. The flora of Nova Scotia. Halifax, NS:        Nova Scotia Museum. 746 p.  [13158]
  • 75.  Soper, James H.; Heimburger, Margaret L. 1982. Shrubs of Ontario. Life        Sciences Misc. Publ. Toronto, ON: Royal Ontario Museum. 495 p.  [12907]
  • 81.  Vander Kloet, S. P. 1988. The genus Vaccinium in North America.        Publication 1828. Ottawa: Research Branch, Agriculture Canada. 201 p.        [11436]
  • 87.  Viereck, Leslie A.; Little, Elbert L., Jr. 1972. Alaska trees and        shrubs. Agric. Handb. 410. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of        Agriculture, Forest Service. 265 p.  [6884]
  • 41.  Kartesz, John T.; Kartesz, Rosemarie. 1980. A synonymized checklist of        the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. Volume        II: The biota of North America. Chapel Hill, NC: The University of North        Carolina Press; in confederation with Anne H. Lindsey and C. Richie        Bell, North Carolina Botanical Garden. 500 p.  [6954]

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Common Names

More info for the term: bog

bog blueberry
bog bilberry
alpine blueberry
alpine bilberry
bog huckleberry
bog whortleberry

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Synonyms

Vaccinium occidentale A. Gray

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Disclaimer

EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!